American children's periodicals, 1789-1872
introduction
by title by place by editor by publisher by subject not listed covers
1789-1820 1821-1840 1841-1860 1861-1872
American children's periodicals, 1841-1860

[NOTES: Unless noted, page size is the size when trimmed, usually for binding; page size is approximate. Page size is described as height by width, thus: [measurement in inches]″ h x [measurement in inches]″ w

about frequency: semimonthly: twice a month (usually 24 issues per year); biweekly: every other week (usually 26 issues per year); bimonthly: every other month (usually 6 issues per year)

about availability: selections or complete issues available for free on the Internet, or available at libraries on microform or in databases

abbreviations:

APS, American Periodical Series (microfilm)

AAS, American Antiquarian Society, MA

AASHistper, American Antiquarian Society Historical Periodicals (digital database; series 1-5)

Batsel, Union List of United Methodist Serials, 1773-1973, comp. John D. Batsel and Lyda K. Batsel (Evanston, IL: n. p., 1974)

NUC, National Union Catalog

OCLC, database available at many institutions via WorldCat (information may also be available in the NUC)

ULS, Union List of Serials in Libraries of the United States and Canada, ed. Winifred Gregory (New York, NY: H. W. Wilson Co., 1927)]

Cold Water Army and Youth’s Picnic (also Cold Water Army) ; 1841-1843

cover/masthead: 1841

edited by: Isaac F. Shepard; address in 1841: 11 Cornhill, Boston, MA

published: Boston, MA: Massachusetts Temperance Union, 1841; printed by William S. Damrell, 9 Cornhill

frequency: weekly: Thursday

description: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 15″ h x 10.5″ w; price, $1/ year in advance • Temperance focus

relevant quote: Description: “Each number will contain one or more original cuts to illustrate and enforce some subject discussed or fact stated in the number. It will be devoted to the organization and support of the Cold Water Army. Tales founded on fact, and sketches of men and manners, will be prepared of suitably attractive character and useful influence, historical events will be rewritten to adapt them to impress the minds and hearts of the young, and such matters of news, incident and anecdote as may be thought interesting and instructive will be introduced. It is hoped the Cold Water Army and others will take it. Let two, four, or eight boys and girls take one between them, if unable to do so separately.” [1 (14 Oct 1841): 23]

source of information: 14 Oct 1841 issue

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 137.

The Sabbath School Repository ; 1841

published: Dover, NH: Trustees of the Freewill Baptist Connection. Printed by William Burr

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 7.25″ h

• AAS has Oct 1841 issue

• Religious focus: Baptist

relevant quote: On the length of time the Repository was published: “The Sabbath School Repository was published in 1841, but was discontinued at the end of a year.” [“The Freewill Baptists.” The Christian Review 110 (1 Oct 1862): 568]

source of information: Christian Review ; AAS

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger. 5 (17 Sept 1841): 31. online

• “The Freewill Baptists.” The Christian Review 110 (1 Oct 1862): 568.

Juvenile Mirror and Youth’s Literary Companion ; 1841

edited by: G. H. Hickman

published: Baltimore, MD: G. H. Hickman

frequency: 2 Jan-27 March 1841, weekly; 15 April 1841, monthly

description: Page size, 6.5″ h

source of information: AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

The Tutor ; 1841-1842

frequency: weekly

source of information: Lyon

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 137.

The Young Ladies’ Casket ; 1841-24 March 1842

edited by: vol 2: Lydia A. Duncan; Margaretta S. Compton

published: Charlestown, MA: Charlestown Female Seminary.

frequency: semimonthly

description: Page size, 8″ h

• Vol 2 is 23 Dec 1841-24 March 1842

relevant information: Apparently an amateur publication: “The young ladies of the Female Seminary in Charlestown, (Mass.) have published two numbers of a neat and talented little paper called the ‘Young Ladies’ Casket.’ ” [“Leaf & Stem Basket.” Southern Rose 6 (14 April 1838): 272]

source of information: NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Leaf & Stem Basket.” Southern Rose 6 (14 April 1838): 272.

Youth’s Magazine and Juvenile Harp ; Jan 1841-after July 1842

edited by: Mr. B. F. Smith, 1841. Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1842

published: Pittsburg, PA, Jan-Oct 1841.

• Cincinnati, OH: S. W. Johns, Nov 1841-1842

frequency: monthly: 15th of month

description: 24 pp.; page size 7.75″ h. Prices: 1 copy, 75¢/ year; 10 or more copies, 50¢ each

relevant quote: “This work was commenced last January [1841] in Pittsburgh, and is now published in this city [Cincinnati, Ohio]. The editor, Mr. B. F. Smith, has, we understand, met with great encouragement.” [“The Youth’s Magazine and Juvenile Harp.” Western Christian Advocate 8 (26 Nov 1841); 126]

source of information: Sabbath School Messenger ; Western Christian Advocate ; AAS catalog; OCLC

bibliography:

• “The Youth’s Magazine and Juvenile Harp.” Western Christian Advocate 8 (26 Nov 1841); 126.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger. 5 (1 April 1842): 83. online

• Notice. Ladies Repository, and Gatherings of the West 2 (July 1842): 223.

Youth’s Family Instructor and Sunday School Visitor (also Youth’s Family Instructor) ; 7 Jan 1841-

published: Portland, ME: L. D. Fleming.

frequency: biweekly

description: Page size, 10.25″ h

source of information: OCLC

Robert Merry’s Museum ; Feb 1841-Nov 1872

cover/masthead: Feb 1841 | 1841-1843 | 1844 | 1845-1847 | early 1848 | 1848-1853 | 1854-1856 | 1857-1867 | 1868-early 1870 | late 1870-1872

edited by: Feb 1841-Dec 1854, Samuel Griswold Goodrich (“Robert Merry” & “Peter Parley”)

• Sept 1847-March 1848, Samuel Kettell.

• 1851-Nov 1855, Stephen T. Allen (“Robert Merry”)

• May 1854-before 1867, William C. Cutter (“Hiram Hatchet”)

• Jan 1855-1866, John N. Stearns (“Robert Merry”)

• April 1857-1859, Francis Chandler Woodworth (“Uncle Frank”)

• April 1857-Jan 1871, Susanna Newbould (“Aunt Sue”)

• Jan 1862-?, William A. Fitch (“Uncle William”)

• Oct 1867-1869, Louisa May Alcott

• 1870, “Uncle Miles”

published: Publishers are difficult to sort out precisely; following dates are taken from issues of the magazine and are organized by city.

• Boston, MA: Bradbury & Soden, Feb 1841-1844; office at 10 School St., 1841-1844; office at 12 School St., 1845-1846. Boston, MA: Bradbury & Guild, 1847; office at 12 School St. Boston, MA: Horace B. Fuller, 1868-Nov 1872.

• Philadelphia, PA: Samuel Hill, April-May 1841. Philadelphia, PA: Drew and Scammell, June 1841-after May 1842; Drew and Scammell at “Corner of Third and Dock Street”.

• New York, NY: Darius Mead, Jan 1845-Dec 1846; office at 148 Nassau St., 1845; office at 141 Nassau St., 1846. New York, NY: W. K. Vaill, April 1841; Vaill at 91 Nassau St. New York, NY: Bradbury & Soden, Feb 1842-June 1843; office at 127 Nassau St. New York, NY: George W. & Sylvester O. Post, Jan 1847-after April 1848; office at 5 Beekman St., Clinton Hall. New York, NY: James E. Hickman, before Aug-Dec 1848. New York, NY: D. McDonald & Co., Jan-Sept 1849. New York, NY: Stephen T. Allen & Co., Oct 1849-; office at 141 Nassau St., Oct 1849-May 1850; office at 142 Nassau St., June-Dec 1850; office at 116 Nassau St., 1852-1855. New York, NY: Stephen T. Allen, Isaac C. & John N. Stearns, Jan-Nov 1855. New York, NY: Isaac C. & John N. Stearns, Dec 1855-Dec 1856; office at 116 Nassau St., 1856. New York, NY: John N. Stearns & Co., 1857-April 1861; office at 116 Nassau St. New York, NY: John N. Stearns, May 1861-; office at 111 Fulton St., May 1861-March 1866. New York, NY: Eugene H. Fales, April 1866-1867; office at 111 Fulton St., April 1866; office at 172 William St., May 1866-July 1867.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: Feb 1841-Dec 1867: 32 pp. Jan 1868-Dec 1869: 40 pp. Jan 1870-Nov 1872: 48 pp.

• Price: 1841: 12.5¢/ copy; 1 copy, $1.50/ year; 4 copies, $5/ year. 1843: $1/ year; 6 copies, $5/ year; 13 copies, $10/ year. 1844-Sept 1864: $1/ year. 1844: 4 copies, $3/ year; 7 copies, $5/ year; 15 copies, $10/ year; 32 copies, $20/ year; 40 copies, $24/ year. Oct 1864-: $1.50/ year.

• Page size untrimmed: Feb-June 1841, 8″ h x 6″ w; Nov 1841-Nov 1872, 8.5″ h x 6″ w

• Circulation: May 1841, 7000 (from magazine); July 1842, 12,000 (from magazine); Feb 1843, 12,000 (from magazine); June 1850, more than 12,000 (from magazine); 1850, 13,000 (from Kennedy); 1857, 20,000 (from the magazine; the number became the traditional number of subscribers, referred to many times by editors and subscribers); 1869-1872, 10,000 (from magazine).

• Issues were stereotyped from the beginning.

• Vol 1-vol 53 (Feb 1841-Dec 1867); new series, vol 1-vol 10 (Jan 1868-Nov 1872)

relevant information: “Robert Merry,” the putative editor of the magazine, first appeared in 1839 in Robert Merry’s Miscellany, a paperbound gift book published by Samuel Colman. While much of the material in the Miscellany is by Samuel Goodrich—who fictionalized his childhood to provide Merry’s background—the author isn’t listed. Many of the pieces in the Miscellany appeared in the Museum during its first year. In 1839, Colman also published Robert Merry’s Annual, a collection which includes none of Goodrich’s material.

• After the Museum absorbed The Schoolfellow in Oct 1857, former subscribers to the Schoolfellow received the Oct-Dec 1857 issues of the Museum inside a copy of the Schoolfellow ’s cover altered to include the address of the Museum ’s publisher.

• Before Eugene Fales bought the magazine in 1866, he was the office boy. Having enlisted in the army during the Civil War, he endured a romantic series of adventures which ended in his marrying one of the Museum ’s subscribers. Ill health, however, forced him to sell the magazine to Horace B. Fuller, who gave it a more professional tone.

relevant quotes:

• “Robert Merry” introduced himself to readers on the first page: “Kind and gentle people who make up what is called the Public—permit a stranger to tell you a brief story. I am about trying my hand at a Magazine; and this is my first number.” [1 (Feb 1841): 1]

• The uniquely intimate relationship between editor and readers began the first year: “I return a thousand thanks to my many young friends, who have written me letters …. Jane R—— will accept my thanks for—she knows what! … The basket of chestnuts were duly received from Alice D——, and were very welcome. Ralph H—— will see that I have done as he requested; I have given a portrait of the fine gray squirrel he sent me, in this number. He is well, and as lively as ever.” [2 (Dec 1841): 187]

• Given the date on the announcement inserted into the Nov 1872 issue and the fact that the subscription ledgers apparently were available to the Companion ’s publishers, the Museum probably was sold before the Boston Fire which destroyed Horace B. Fuller’s business in Nov 1872: “The Publisher of Merry’s Museum announces its discontinuance with the issue of the present number [November]. He has made an arrangement by which it will be merged into the Youth’s Companion, and the subscribers shall be furnished for their unexpired terms with that paper. … The Publisher feels assured that his friends and readers will find in the Youth’s Companion all of the qualities that have pleased them in this Magazine, and in addition, other attractive features which have made the Companion one of the most interesting and popular publications in the country. Its enormous circulation, almost one hundred thousand copies, enables the publishers to secure many of the finest writers of the day, and we hope our readers will not fail to renew their subscriptions to the Youth’s Companion for 1872, as we feel assured it cannot fail to please them.” [62 (Nov 1872): insert]

absorbed: The Youth’s Medallion ; 17 April 1841-10 Dec 1842 • Parley’s Magazine ; March 1833-1844 • The Playmate ; Sept 1847-May 1848 • Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet ; 1846-March 1857 • The Schoolfellow ; Jan 1849-Sept 1857

absorbed by: The Youth’s Companion ; 1827-1929

source of information: Feb 1841-Nov 1872 scattered issues and bound vols; APS reels 743 & 1499-1501; Dechert

available: AASHistPer, series 3

• APS II (1800-1850), reels 743 & 1499-1501

excerpts online

bibliography:

• Review. Rural Repository, 18 (September 25, 1841): 63. online

• Notice. Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’ American Magazine 23 (Oct 1841): 190.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger, 5 (4 February 1842): 67. online

• Advertisement. Brother Jonathan, (12 February 1842): advertising cover, p. xxviii. online

• Review. The New-York Mirror, 20 (26 March 1842): 103. online

• Notice. Brother Jonathan, 1 (16 April 1842): 437. online

• Notice. Ladies’ Pearl, 2 (May 1842): 462. online

Doggett’s New-York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, 4th ed. NY: John Doggett, Jr., 1845; p. 429. [google books]

• Notice. Scientific American, 2 (27 March 1847): 213. online

• Notice. Scientific American, 2 (29 May 1847): 287. online

• Notice. The Youth’s Casket, 1 (March 1852): 52. online

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 31. [archive.org]

• Advertisement. The Youth’s Companion, (12 January 1865): 8. online

• Notice. American Literary Gazette, 9 (1 October 1867): 298. online

• Notice. American Literary Gazette, 10 (15 January 1868): 177. online

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 666. [google books]

Wentworth’s Boston Commercial Directory for 1871. Boston: Wentworth & Co., 1870; p. 119. [google books]

• Notice. Lowell Daily Citizen and News (Lowell, Massachusetts), 21 (7 February 1871): 2, col 1. online

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 75. [archive.org]

A Noble Life: John N. Stearns. New York: National Temperance Society and Publication House, n.d.

• William H. Coleman. “The Children’s ‘Robert Merry’ and the Late John N. Stearns.” The New York Evangelist 16 May 1895: 19. online

• Death notice for Horace B. Fuller. The Publishers’ Weekly (21 January 1899): 56. online

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899): 133-6.

• William Oliver Stevens. “ ‘Uncle’ Peter Parley.” St. Nicholas Nov 1925: 78-81. online

• Frank Luther Mott. “Merry’s Museum.” In A History of American Magazines. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1930. Vol. 1: 713-715. [useless: listed here only for completeness]

• Dorothy B. Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 163-167.

• Madeleine B. Stern. “The First Appearance of a ‘Little Women’ Incident.” American Notes & Queries 3 (Oct. 1943): 99-100.

• John B. Crume. “Children’s Magazines, 1826-1857.” Journal of Popular Culture 7 (1973): 698-706.

• Justin G. Schiller. “Magazines for Young America: The First Hundred Years of Juvenile Periodicals.” Columbia Library Columns 23 (1974): 24-39.

• Rex Burns. Success in America: The Yeoman Dream and the Industrial Evolution. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1976; pp. 27-45.

• Jill Delano Sweiger. “Conceptions of Children in American Juvenile Periodicals: 1830-1870.” PhD diss. Rutgers University, 1977.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• Pat Pflieger. “A Visit to Merry’s Museum ; or, Social Values in a Nineteenth-Century American Periodical for Children.” PhD diss. University of Minnesota, 1987. online

• Pat Pflieger. “Robert Merry’s Museum and the Lure of the Sensational.” Paper presented at the American Culture Association conference, 1988. online

• Pat Pflieger. “Death and the Readers of Robert Merry’s Museum.” Paper presented at the American Culture Association conference, 1994. online

• Pat Pflieger. “An ‘Online Community’ of the Nineteenth Century.” Paper presented at the American Culture Association conference, 2001. online

• Pat Pflieger, ed. Letters from Nineteenth-Century American Children to Robert Merry’s Museum Magazine. Lewiston, NY: Mellen Press, 2001. online version: Dear Friend Robert Merry

The Eastern Rose-Bud ; 6 March 1841-1842 • Eastern Rosebud and Sabbath School Companion ; 12 Nov 1842-22 April 1843

edited by: 1842-22 April 1843, John E. True

published: Portland, ME: S. H. Colesworthy, 6 March 1841-22 April 1843.

frequency: 6 March 1841-1842, monthly • 12 Nov 1842-22 April 1843, semimonthly • 2 vol/ year

description: 6 March 1841-1842: page size, 5.75″ h • 12 Nov 1842-8 April 1843, 16 pp.; 22 April 1843, 12 pp. Page size, 7″ h x 5.25″ w. Prices, 50¢/ year; sabbath schools: 10 copies, $4; 20 copies, $7

relevant quotes:

• On the last issue: “The present number [22 April 1843] of the Rose-Bud will complete the second year of its publication. As we have not had sufficient patronage to defray the expenses of printing the work, we are obliged to discontinue it, at least for the present. If at any future time there should seem to be a demand for the publication of a work like the Rose-Bud, we may possibly revive it, but at this time, when the country is flooded with newspapers of all descriptions, from the larger cities, it is but a waste of time and money to attempt to carry on such a work to advantage to the publisher or with profit to the public.” [“Close of the Volume.” 4 (22 April 1843: 189.]

• The editor of the Evangelical Magazine wasn’t sorry to see the magazine go, critiquing the portraits of prominent ministers published in the Rose bud with some stern words: “If such are a sample of the portraits intended to be circulated by the Rose Bud, we sincerely hope that its temporary suspension may be continued unto a perpetual sleep.” [A. B. G. “The Eastern Rose Bud.” Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 14 (12 May 1843): 150.]

source of information: 1842-1843 vol; OCLC; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “New Publications.” Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 12 (2 April 1841): 111.

• A. B. G. “The Eastern Rose Bud.” Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 14 (12 May 1843): 150-151.

Youth’s Medallion ; 17 April 1841-10 Dec 1842

cover/masthead: 1841-1842

edited by: “Uncle Christopher”

published: Boston, MA: Sleeper, Dix & Rogers, 17 April 1841-April 15, 1842; publisher at the Mercantile Journal Office, Wilson’s Lane.

• Boston, MA: Sleeper & Rogers, 30 April-11 June 1842; publisher at the Mercantile Journal Office, Wilson’s Lane.

frequency: biweekly; 1 vol/ year

description: 8 pp.; quarto; page size, 12.75″ h x 10″ w. Prices, 1 copy, $1/ year; 6 copies, $5/ year; 20 copies, $15/ year.

relevant quotes:

• The proposed paper was “devoted to the entertainment, and moral and intellectual instruction of youth. This paper will be of neither a party nor sectarian character—but great care will be taken to render the Medallion attractive to children, and worthy the approbation of parents. In this paper the importance of temperance, and of early establishing correct habits and sound moral principles, will be enforced by argument and illustration. The first number of the medallion will be issued in December or January next … ” [Advertisement. Christian Register and Boston Observer 19 (5 Sept 1840): 143]

• About the merger with Merry’s Museum: “An arrangement has been made with the publishers of Merry’s Museum, by which, after the present number [10 Dec 1842], the subscribers to the Medallion will be supplied with the work of Robert Merry, and receive the numbers of that popular periodical, regularly, until the term for which they subscribed for the Medallion is completed ….” [in Dechert, p. 107]

absorbed by: Robert Merry’s Museum ; Feb 1841-Nov 1872

source of information: Sept 1841-June 1842, scattered issues; Dechert

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Christian Register and Boston Observer 19 (5 Sept 1840): 143.

• Review. Boston Recorder 26 (30 April 1841): 70.

• Notice. Christian Watchman 22 (30 April 1841): 71.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger. 5 (2 July 1841): 11. online

• Review. Brother Jonathan. 2 (30 April 1842): 18. online

• Advertisement of vol 2. Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 14 (14 May 1842): 187.

• Dorothy B. Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

The Golden Rule ; 20 Aug 1841-5 April 1842

edited by: Mary Ann Brown

published: Albany, NY

frequency: semimonthly

description: Page size, 12″ h

source of information: OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

The Young People’s Book ; Sept 1841-Aug 1842

cover/masthead: 1841

edited by: John Frost • T. S. Arthur, 1842

published: Philadelphia, PA: Morton McMichael, 1841-1842; at 57 South Third St.; Nov 1841: printed by T. K. & P. G. Collins, #1 Lodge Alley.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 32 pp.; page size, 9″ h x 5.5″ w. Prices, 1841: 1 copy, $2/ year; 3 copies, $5/ year; 6 copies, $10/ year; 20 copies, $30/ year, “invariably in advance.” 1842: 1 copy, $1.50/ year; 4 copies, $5/ year; 10 copies, $10/ year.

relevant quotes: Prospectus: “THE YOUNG PEOPLE’S BOOK … A MONTHLY MAGAZINE Devoted to the Instruction and Entertainment of Young Persons of Both Sexes; CONDUCTED WITH A SOLE VIEW TO THEIR IMPROVEMENT IN LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND THE CONDUCT OF LIFE, written, not in the colloquial language which is addressed to very young children, but with such attention to the style as shall render it worthy the notice of those who are acquiring the art of Composition or forming their Literary taste; and filled with such various, original, and valuable matter as shall render the volumes, when bound up, worthy a place in the Family or School Library. … ONE OF THE LEADING OBJECTS OF THE WORK will be to point out and illustrate by practical examples the PROPER METHODS OF SELF-INSTRUCTION in the various departments of Literature and Art, to suggest appropriate departments of study and inquiry, to prescribe courses of Reading, and to indicate the progress which may be made in the Sciences, so far as the limits of the work will allow. … Arrangements have been made for receiving, and the publisher is now in the actual receipt of periodical publications of a similar design with that of THE YOUNG PEOPLE’S BOOK, From France, Germany, and other Parts of the Continent of Europe. From these publications, and from the choicest parts of foreign educational literature in its various departments, translations will be made of such articles as will serve to promote the main design of the work …. The preservation, however, of A TRULY NATIONAL SPIRIT; The inculcation of the duties which every American scholar owes to his country, and the exhibition of the capabilities of our EARLY HISTORY, OUR TRADITIONS, OUR CUSTOMS AND SCENERY, For supplying all the materials of a copious and brilliant literature, will be constant objects of attention, and will form frequent topics of discussion, example, and illustration.” [1 (Sept 1841): back cover]

• Introduction: “Many of you, our young readers, are now receiving instruction scholastically, as our authority has it—in the schools; many others of you, have left your instructors, and are just entering upon the active duties and cares of life. To all of you, SELF-INSTRUCTION is vitally important, as the great means of mental development and of happiness. One of our greatest and most important objects in the Young People’s Book, is to point out to you or to supply you with the methods and instruments of SELF-INSTRUCTION. These are many and various—as numerous as the paths and pursuits of science, art, and literature. … In order to induce you to pursue with us the pleasant ways of intellectual improvement, it is our fixed intention to render every article which we shall present to you as entertaining and interesting as we possibly can. … We shall not deem it necessary to speak to you as mere children, to address you in exceedingly simple phraseology; … but we shall endeavour to adhere to the style which we may safely commend by our example, to your adoption in your own compositions. … We hope to travel with you, pleasantly and lovingly, over many wide fields—the fields, namely, of literature, science, and art ….” [1 (Sept 1841): 9-10]

• By August 1842, the magazine was promoting itself as “THE CHEAPEST MAGAZINE IN THE WORLD. PRICE REDUCED.” [1 (Aug 1842): back cover]

source of information: Sept-Dec 1841, Aug 1842 issues; Sept 1841-Aug 1842 volume

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’ American Magazine 23 (Aug 1841): 95-96.

• Review. The Iris, or Literary Messenger 1 (Sept 1841): 529. online

• “Literary Record.” The Knickerbocker 18 (Sept 18421): 273.

• Notice. The New-Yorker 11 (4 Sept 1841): 397.

• Notice. The New World 3 (11 Sept 1841): 173. online

• Review. Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’ American Magazine 23 (Oct 1841): 189.

• Notice. The North American Review 53 (Oct 1841): 543.

• Notice. Southern Literary Messenger 7 (Nov 1841): 808.

• Notice. The New World 3 (20 Nov 1841); 334.

• Review. The New-York Mirror 19 (27 Nov 1841): 383.

• “Editors’ Book Table.” Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’ American magazine 23 (Dec 1841): 296.

• Notice of 6th issue. Brother Jonathan 1 (12 Feb 1842): 28.

• “The Young People’s Book.” Weekly Messenger 7 (9 March 1842): 1346.

• Notice. Ladies’ Pearl 2 (April 1842): 262b.

• Notice. The Albion 1 (2 April 1842): 159.

• Notice. Brother Jonathan 1 (April 9, 1842): 409. online

• Notice. Ladies’ Pearl 2 (May 1842): 462. online

• Notice. Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’s American Magazine 24 (June 1842): 344.

• Review. Brother Jonathan 2 (June 4, 1842): 157. online

• Notice. Weekly Messenger 7 (6 July 1842): 1413.

• Review. The New-York Mirror 20 (August 13, 1842): 263. online

• Notice. Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’ American Magazine 25 (Sept 1842): 156.

• J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia, PA: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884; vol 3, p. 2014. [google books]

Sunday School Advocate (also, Sabbath School Advocate ) ; 5 Oct 1841-31 Dec 1921

cover/masthead: 1843-1845 | 1847-1848 | 1849 | 1854-1855 | 1857 | 1859-1861 | 1864-July 1865 | Oct 1865-1869 | 1870-early 1871 | late 1871 | early 1872 | late 1872

edited by: Daniel P. Kidder, 1845, 1847-1849, 1855

• Daniel Wise, 1857-1867

published: New York, NY: Lane & Tippett, 1845-1847; 1845, publisher at 200 Mulberry St.. New York, NY: Lane & Scott, 1848-1852. New York, NY: Carlton & Phillips, 1852-1856; publisher at 200 Mulberry St., 1855. New York, NY: Carlton & Porter, 1856-1867. New York, NY: Carlton & Lanahan, 1868-1872. New York, NY: Nelson & Phillips, 1872-1874. All for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

• Cincinnati, OH: Swormstedt & Mitchell, 1845-1849; publisher at Main & 8th St. Cincinnati, OH: Swormstedt & Poe, 1854. Cincinnati, OH: Poe & Hitchcock, 1861. All for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

• Pittsburgh, PA: J. L. Read, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1861.

• Chicago, IL: W. M. Doughty, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1861.

• Boston, MA: J. P. Magee, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1861.

• Philadelphia, PA: Higgins & Perkinpink, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1861.

frequency: 5 Oct 1841-3 Sept 1850, semimonthly; 1845: Tuesday

• Oct 1850-Sept 1852, monthly

• 16 Oct 1852-24 June 1854, biweekly

• 8 July 1854-23 May 1874, semimonthly: 2nd & 4th Saturday

description: 1843-1845, 1847-1849, 1855: 8 pp.; quarto; page size untrimmed, 13″ h x 10″ w; sent folded & untrimmed. Prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 5 copies, $2/ year; 10 copies, $3/ year

• 1857-1861: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 14″ h x 10.5″ w; prices: 1-10 copies, 25¢/ year; 10 + copies, 10¢/ year; “All subscriptions to commence either with the first of October or the first of April.” [16 (9 May 1857): 60]

• Oct 1864: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 14″ h x 10.5″ w; price: 40¢/ year

• 1865-1867: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 14″ h x 10.5″ w; price: 30¢/ year

• Circulation: 1842, 11,000 [Sabbath School Messenger 1842] • 1844-1845, 48,000, “increasing at the average rate of one hundred per day” [“Statistics.”] • Subscribers’ copies printed by 1 July 1845: 55,000. “Since the year 1845 commenced our average increase of new subscribers, daily, has exceeded ONE HUNDRED.” [“Our Prospects.” 4 (1 July 1845): 148] • Feb 1846, 50,000, “perhaps unparalleled in the history of such publications” [“Messenger” 79] • 1850: New York City, 63,000; Cincinnati, 18,000

• Religious focus: Methodist

relevant quote: Frances E. Willard, prominent in the temperance and women’s rights movements, remembered reading “the little Sunday-school Advocate, so well known to Methodist Sunday-school children,” as a child; she was born in 1839. [Willard, p. 7]

absorbed: Sabbath School Messenger (July 1837-16 April 1846) • Good News ; 1856-1875 (absorbed in April 1875)

continued by: Portal ; Target

source of information: 1843-1845, 1847-1849, 1855-1868, 1871, scattered issues; AAS catalog; OCLC; Livingston

available: AASHistPer, series 3, 4, 5

bibliography:

• “Sunday School Advocate.” Western Christian Advocate 9 (15 July 1842): 51.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger 5 (6 May 1842): 90. online

• Notice. Western Christian Advocate 9 (28 Oct 1842): 110.

• “The Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (27 Sept 1843): 26.

• “Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (18 Oct 1843): 39.

• Thomas R. Allen. Letter. Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (6 Dec 1843): 67.

• John F. Glover. “Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (6 Dec 1843): 67.

• Samuel Gregg. “To Superintendents of Sabbath Schools in the Erie Annual Conference.” Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (6 Dec 1843): 68.

• “Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (20 March 1844): 127.

• “Prospectus for the Fourth Volume of the Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 18 (21 Aug 1844): 7.

• “Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 19 (25 Sept 1844): 26.

• R. B. Westbrook. “The Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 19 (30 Oct 1844): 47.

• Elbert Osborn. “Try.” Christian Advocate and Journal 19 (30 Oct 1844): 47.

• “Prices of the Sunday School Advocate.” Christian Advocate and Journal 19 (4 Dec 1844): 66.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger 9 (1 May 1845): 2.

• “Statistics of the Methodist Sabbath School Union, 1844-1845.” Sabbath School Messenger 9 (5 June 1845): 11.

Doggett’s New-York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, 4th ed. NY: John Doggett, Jr., 1845; p. 429. [google books]

• “The Messenger.” Sabbath School Messenger 9 (19 Feb 1846): 79-80.

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 36. [google books]

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 41. [archive.org]

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 32. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, pp. 31, 36. [archive.org]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 36. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; pp. 31, 48, 56. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 75. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 704. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 125. [archive.org]

• Frances E. Willard. Glimpses of Fifty Years. Chicago, IL: H. J. Smith & Co., 1889. Reproduced New York, NY: Source Book Press, 1970.

Youth’s Temperance Enterprise ; 1842-1847

published: Albany, NY: Executive Committee of the New York State Youth’s Temperance Society, 1842-1844.

• Albany, NY: J. Stanley Smith, 1847; publisher at 24 Commercial Buildings

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 9.75″ h

• 1847: price, 25¢/ year

• Circulation: 1847, 2000

source of information: Mechanic’s Advocate ; OCLC

bibliography:

• “Editorial Gleanings.” Christian Reflector 5 92 Feb 1842): 3.

• “New-York State Temperance Society.” New York Evangelist 16 (6 March 1845): 38.

• “Literary Notices.” Mechanic’s Advocate 1 (21 Jan 1847): 62.

The Dayspring ; Jan 1842-Dec 1848 • Youth’s Dayspring ; Jan 1850-Dec 1855

cover/masthead: Jan-Feb 1850 | March 1850-1853 | 1854

edited by: Selah Burr Treat, 1843-? • H. G. O. Dwight, 1850-? • Mr. Stoddard, 1850-1851

• Nathan Dole, 1851-June 1855

published: Boston, MA: Crocker and Brewster for the American Board of Commissioners for Foregin Missions, 1842-1848. • Boston, MA: American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 1850-1855; publisher at 33 Pemberton Square, 1850-1854.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1842-1848: newspaper format? 1849-1855: 16 pp.; page size, 6.25″ h x 4″ w. Prices: 10 copies, $1/ year; 20 copies, $2/ year; 40 copies, $4/ year

• The cover image for March 1850-1853 also appears on a copy of the Feb 1850 issue; this copy is blank on the interior cover pages (cover pages two and three).

• Circulation: 1850, 50,000. Aug 1853-July 1854, 28,375. Aug-Dec 1855, approximately 18,600

• Religious focus

relevant quote: Introduction: “You are all fond of reading stories; and we are going to take a great deal of pains to tell you stories that will please and instruct you, and do you good; and especially lead you to try to do good to others. … [The stories] are all true. We shall not manufacture any stories for you, out of our own imagination, neither shall we copy any from other papers, or books, that do not come well attested for truth. … Each number will have one or more wood engravings, to enable you to understand better the condition of the people who are described in these pages; and thus … we shall endeavor to carry you around through the world, … and show you the missionaries laboring in the different countries, and the kinds of people for which they labor, and the appearance, manners, and customs of the countries in which they are living. And what is all this for? It is to make you more interested in the missionary work …. If each one of the children of America were to give only a single cent a year to the missionary cause, a sufficient sum would be raised to send out a great many missionaries to the heathen. Our object will be to try to induce every child and youth not only to do his own duty, but to labor in all proper ways to lead all his companions to do the same.” [1 (Jan 1850): 1-3]

relevant information: When the publications office of the American Board of Commissioners for foreign Missions was burned in 1854, the subscription books were destroyed; the office requested subscribers to send their names, the number of copies to be sent, and the date to which they had paid. [“Notice.” Christian Observer 33 (12 Aug 1854): 127]

continues: Journal of Missions ; 1849 (for adults)

continued by: Journal of Missions and Youth’s Dayspring ; 1856 (for adults): “The Journal is a monthly of eight pages, two of which are appropriated to children and youth.” [“Journal of Missions and Youth’s Dayspring.” Christian Observer 36 (26 Nov 1857); 191]

source of information: Jan 1850-Nov 1853, scattered issues & bound volumes; New York Evangelist ; Kelly; AAS; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 3, 4, 5

bibliography:

• “Journal of Missions.” New York Evangelist 20 (13 Dec 1849): 198.

• “Postage.” The Missionary Herald 46 (April 1850): 140.

• “How Can the Board Realize $500,000 a Year.” New York Evangelist 21 (19 Sept 1850): 1.

• “Notice.” Christian Observer 33 (12 Aug 1854): 127.

• “American Board of Missions.” New York Observer and Chronicle 32 (21 Sept 1854): 298.

• “Publications.” The Missionary Herald 31 Dec 1854: 48-49.

• “Death of Rev. Nathan Dole.” The Missionary Herald 51 (Aug 1855): 253.

• “47th Annual Meeting of the American Board.” New York Observer and Chronicle 34 (30 Oct 1856): 346.

• “Journal of Missions and Youth’s Dayspring.” Christian Observer 36 (26 Nov 1857); 191.

• “Good News for the Children.” The Missionary Herald 65 (Jan 1869): 17-18.

• Obituary of Rev. Selah Burr Treat. The Missionary Herald 73 (May 1877): 129-137.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Every Youth’s Gazette (also Youth’s Gazette ; Peter Parley’s Youth’s Gazette) ; 22 Jan-31 Dec 1842

cover/masthead: 1842

edited by: “Grandfather Felix”

published: New York, NY: J. Winchester; publisher at 30 Ann St.

frequency: 22 & 29 Jan, weekly • 26 Feb-17 Dec, biweekly • 24-31 Dec, weekly

description: 22 Jan-5 Feb, 8 pp.; quarto; page size, 12″ h x 9″ w

• 26 Feb-31 Dec, 16 pp.; quarto

• Price, 1 copy, $2/ year; 2 copies, $3/ year, “in notes of all solvent and specie-paying Banks in the United States and Canada, payable always in advance ” • A few advertisements declared at the top that the Gazette was “ONLY ONE DOLLAR,” though the price was listed as $2 in the advertisement itself. [1 (26 Feb 1842): 50]

• An advertisement for 1843 announced that the price would be lowered: 1 copy, $1.50/ year; 5 copies, $5. [1 (24 Dec 1842): 402]

• 22 Jan 1842 begins with page 3 • 28 issues total

relevant information: In its first prospectus, the periodical was called Peter Parley’s Youth’s Gazette ; in fact, the masthead shows an old man looking very much like Peter Parley (though without Peter’s trademark small clothes), chatting with children. The editor made some caustic comments in his introduction, charging “Parley” with conduct unbecoming a literary gentleman: “I am told by respectable persons that he did not write many of the works that bear his name. … I do not much regret Peter’s withdrawal from the Gazette; because I should have had all the labor, and he would have won all the credit.” [“Grandfather Felix to His Young Readers.” 1 (22 Jan 1842): 7] The editorial tone is less surprising when coupled with the fact that the publisher—J. Winchester—also published The New World (“The largest and cheapest family newspaper in America”), edited by Park Benjamin, who was a harsh critic of Parley’s creator, Samuel Griswold Goodrich.

relevant quotes:

• Introduction: “I do not now, for the first time, discharge the pleasant duty of writing for the young. I am the author of many small volumes, that were great favorites in their time—yes, as great as those of my respected old friend, Peter Parley. Peter has frequently asked and obtained my assistance in the composition of his various stories. I am told by respectable persons that he did not write many of the works that bear his name. … I asked Peter, for the sake of our early friendship, to let me call the Youth’s Gazette after him, and to be one of its editors; at first he consented, but afterward changed his mind, because, as he had said, he had already taken his farewell of his youthful readers, and did not mean to write any more …. I do not much regret Peter’s withdrawal from the Gazette; because I should have had all the labor, and he would have won all the credit. It will now be quite as good, as if it were supposed to be his—and, I rather think, better; for I shall strive to win for myself … ‘golden opinions from all sorts of people.’ ” [“Grandfather Felix to His Young Readers.” 1 (22 Jan 1842): 7] Samuel Griswold Goodrich, creator of “Peter Parley,” beset by plagiarists, in fact “killed off” the character in 1839, in Peter Parley’s Farewell.

• In the first issue, the editorial tone was a combination of boast and diffidence: “Some time must elapse before a new journal like this can be generally known. So many unworthy publications of the kind have appeared, that the public have reason to be doubtful of any new enterprise. No doubt, however, need be entertained with regard to the firm establishment of the Youth’s Gazette. Arrangements have been made to continue it for a year at least, and such has been the encouragement, with which it has already been received, that our friends need not fear that it will be always published. Efforts will be made to engage the best writers for the young, both in this country and abroad. Orders were sent to England in December last, to a bookseller there, to forward all the new books for the young that were good, and from these the very best will be selected for publication. … I respectfully request all good people, who are interested in the welfare of the young, to do all in their power to promote the circulation of ‘Every Youth’s Gazette.’ I ask all who hold the pen of ready writers, to send us articles of a kind suitable for youth. I want teachers of youth to take it under their patronage and favor me with their suggestions concerning the manner in which it ought to be conducted. I solicit the clergy to lend their aid in making it a medium for the inculcation of religious and moral duties. I entreat fathers and mother to place it in the hands of their children, and thus inspire them, at a tender age, with a desire for knowledge and a love of literature.” [1 (22 Jan 1842): 7]

• That Every Youth’s Gazette was the publication described in its prospectus remained the subject of puzzlement for a handful of issues: “There are some persons who do not seem to understand that ‘Every Youth’s Gazette’ is precisely the same paper that ‘Peter Parley’s Youth’s Gazette’ would have been, had not the design of publishing it under that title been given up. It was considered that the matter was clearly enough explained in the first number; but it seems that it was not—for letters of inquiry have been received. To these, the following clear and explicit reply is now given. The present journal differs in no respect whatsoever from that which was at first proposed, except in name. It is edited precisely in the way that it would have been had the name of Peter Parley been used. Readers who are so unreasonable as to object to a mere change of name, should remember the truth couched in the lines of Shakspere: ‘That which we call a rose/ By any other name would smell as sweet.’ ” [1 (26 Feb 1842): 43]

• About the illustration in the masthead: “It was designed by that delightful artist, Chapman, and it was engraved by one scarcely inferior, Adams.” [“Grandfather Felix to His Young Readers.” 1 (22 Jan 1842): 7]

• Like most periodicals of the time, the Gazette wasn’t shy about filling its pages with pieces from other periodicals; the first issue was no different: “I am indebted to a number of the Juvenile Miscellany, published sixteen years ago, for some of the articles in this number. The Miscellany was very popular with all young folks in its day; but, as its readers have since grown up to be men and women, the present generation will find them as new as if it had now appeared for the first time.” [1 (22 Jan 1842): 7]

• Advertisements promised that readers would be provided with original material, but also with inexpensive reprints of works already published in England: “All the new popular works for children which appear in England will be obtained; and from these the best articles will be chosen and published entire in the columns of the Gazette, together with the engravings by which they may be illustrated. … Thus, at a price far less than that for which such works could be reprinted in the shape of books in this country, will the most excellent treatises and stories for the young be presented. Arrangements will also be made to obtain origina[l] articles by favorite American authors.” [advertisement. Christian Register and Boston Observer 21 (5 Feb 1842): 23]

• Beginning with the issue for 26 Feb 1842, the paper’s frequency and size changed: “After the present week [12 Feb], ‘Every Youth’s Gazette’ will appear once a fortnight, instead of once a week, as heretofore. Each number will contain sixteen pages instead of eight. Instead of being printed with Brevier type, which is too small to be pleasing to children, it will be printed with a new and handsome Bourgeois, which is larger and better adapted to a juvenile publication. The lines, instead of being placed closely together, will generally be set a little apart, leaded, as the printers say …. This will give each an open, elegant aspect, more like a book, and less like a newspaper. These changes, with regard to frequency of publication and the size of type, were determined upon in accordance with the advice of my respected friend, Mrs. L. H. Sigourney. … As ‘Every Youth’s Gazette’ is not a journal in which the latest news is published, it will be quite as agreeable to receive it once a fortnight as once a week.” [“To Subscribers.” 1 (12 Feb 1842): 31]

source of information: 22 Jan 1842 issue; APS II reel 606; Dechert; Lyon; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

• APS II (1800-1850), reel 606

bibliography:

• advertisement. The New World 3 (18 Dec 1841): 400.

• “Unaccountable Announcement.” The Daily Atlas [Boston, Massachusetts] 30 Dec 1841: 2.

• “Peter Parley᾿s Youth’s Gazette.” The Daily Atlas [Boston, Massachusetts] 3 Jan 1842: 2.

• “Every Youth’s Gazette.” The New World 4 (8 January 1842): 30.

• “The Mysterious Visiter; or, The Plot Exploded.” The New World 4 (8 January 1842): 30.

• Juvenis. “ ‘Peter Parley’s Youth’s Gazette.’ ” The Weekly Ohio State Journal [Columbus, Ohio] 12 Jan 1842: 2.

• “Every Youth’s Gazette.” The Pennsylvania Inquirer [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] 22 Jan 1842: 2.

• advertisement. Christian Register and Boston Observer 21 (5 Feb 1842): 23.

• Dorothy Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 168-172.

• John B. Crume. “Children’s Magazines, 1826-1857.” Journal of Popular Culture 7 (1973): 698-706.

The Youth’s Emancipator ; May 1842, Aug 1842-Mar 1843

cover/masthead: 1842

edited by: May-Nov 1842, J. H. Livingston; John Giles Jennings

• Dec 1842-Jan 1843, J. H. Livingston

• Feb-March 1843, John Giles Jennings

published: Oberlin, OH: Executive Committee of the Oberlin Youth’s Anti-Slavery Society, May 1842-Jan 1843.

• Oberlin, OH: n.p., Feb-March 1843.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 4 pp.; octavo; price, 25¢/ year

relevant information: The May 1842 issue was a specimen.

relevant quotes: One notice describes the periodical as being “conducted exclusively by youth.” [“A New Paper.” Philanthropist 6 (1 June 1842): 3]

• The prospectus reinforced the focus on youth: “Feeling the importance of the youth of our country becoming early enlisted in the great cause of immediate emancipation, and considering how easily the mind may be swayed in youth, when every tender feeling is alive and every chord of sympathy vibrates at the touch of suffering—considering that the mind of any one may be more easily swayed by those of the same age and circumstances, the Executive Committee of the ‘Oberlin Youth’s Anti-Slavery Society’ propose to publish an anti-slavery periodical, (of which this sheet is a specimen,) to be conducted and sustained entirely by youth, the object of which will be disseminate anti-slavery truth among the youth of our country.” [“Prospectus.” 1 (May 1842): 1]

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; OCLC; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “A New Paper.” Philanthropist 6 (1 June 1842): 3.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Boys’ and Girls’ Literary Bouquet ; Nov 1842-1844 • Boys’ and Girls’ Monthly Bouquet ; Jan 1845 • Boys’ and Girls’ Bouquet ; Feb-Dec 1845

edited by: March 1844, Philip Pleasant

published: New York, NY: Aaron F. Cox, Jan 1843-1844.

• Philadelphia, PA: A. F. Cox, 1844; publisher at 88 N. 6th St., 1844; printed by Barrett & Jones, 1844; printer at 33 Carter’s Alley, 1844. Philadelphia, PA: Cox & Catlin, Jan-June 1845; publisher at 34 Carter’s Alley. Philadelphia, PA: James C. Catlin, July-Dec? 1845.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 7″ h; price, 50¢/ year.

relevant quote: James C. Catlin bought out his partner, A. F. Cox, but found that he couldn’t make the Bouquet profitable; he announced in The Satchel—published by Cox—that the magazine was discontinued: “At the commencement of the last volume of the BOYS’ and GIRLS’ BOUQUET, I purchased that publication of Mr. A. F. Cox. Although I reduced the number of pages in the work, I found Fifty cents per year too low to warrant me in commencing a new volume; I therefore, at the close of the year, determined to discontinue its publication. [signed] JAMES C. CATLIN, Late Publisher of the Boys’ and Girls’ Bouquet. If any of the Subscribers to the BOUQUET have not received all their numbers, they will be supplied by making it know to Mr. Catlin, 212 Chesnut street, or at the Office of the Satchel.” [“To the Subscribers of the Boys’ and Girls’ Bouquet.”]

source of information: Lyon; AAS catalog; OCLC; Maxwell; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Review. Arthur’s Ladies’ Magazine July 1845: 51.

• “To the Subscribers of the Boys’ and Girls’ Bouquet.” The Satchel 1 #2 (1846): 16.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 175-177.

Checklist of Children’s Books, 1837-1876, comp. Barbara Maxwell. Philadelphia, PA: Special Collections, Central Children’s Department, Free Library of Philadelphia, 1975.

The Wreath ; 1 Nov 1842-1 June 1843

edited by: W. T. O. Dalton

published: Boston, MA: Dalton, Brown & Campbell

frequency: semimonthly

description: Page size, 6.5″ h • Amateur periodical

source of information: AAS catalog

Youth’s Companion ; 1843

edited by: Thomas M. Slaughter

published: Columbus, GA: Thomas M. Slaughter.

frequency: monthly

description: 16 pp.; quarto

source of information: Flanders

bibliography:

• notice. Southern Miscellany (Madison, GA). 2 (1 April 1843): 1.

• Bertram Holland Flanders. Early Georgia Magazines: Literary Periodicals to 1865. N.p.: The University of Georgia Press, 1944; p. 26.

Jugend-Zeitung (Young people’s newspaper); 1843-1845

edited by: Carl Weitershausen

published: Pittsburgh, PA: Carl Weitershausen. Printed by J. G. Backofen

frequency: biweekly

description: 4 pp.; quarto • German-language periodical

• Religious focus

source of information: Arndt; Fraser

bibliography:

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

The Juvenile Wesleyan ; 1843-1852?

edited by: 1843-1846, O. Scott

• 1843-1844, L. C. Matlack

• 1849-1850, Luther Lee

published: Boston, MA: John B. Hall, 1843.

• New York, NY: O. Scott, 1846. New York, NY: Lucius Matlack, 1849-1852; 1850, publisher at 5 Spruce.

All for the Wesleyan Methodist Connection

frequency: semimonthly

description: Circulation, 1850, 1,300

• 16 Sept 1843 is vol 1 #2

• Religious focus: Wesleyan Methodist

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC; Livingston; Mercantile

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger 8 (20 June 1844): p. 15. online

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger 9 (1 May 1845): p. 2. online

The New York Mercantile Union Business Directory … 1850. NY: S. French, L. C. & H. L. Pratt, 1850; p. 289. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 31. [archive.org]

The Youth’s Gazette ; 1843-?

published: Chicago, IL: K. K. Jones

frequency: weekly

description: Page size, 11.25″ h • 3 June 1843 is vol 1 #2

source of information: OCLC

bibliography:

• Edmund J. James and Milo J. Loveless. A Bibliography of Newspapers Published in Illinois Prior to 1860. Publications of the Illinois State Historical Library #1. Springfield, IL: Hillips Bros., 1899; p. 19. [archive.org]

Youth’s Guide and Star ; Jan-July 1843

cover/masthead?: 1843

edited by: Edward N. Harris

published: Boston, MA: Edward N. Harris, 1843; Harris at 14 Devonshire St. Printed by “Dow & Jackson’s Power Press,” 14 Devonshire St. (20 May 1843)

description: 16 pp.; page size untrimmed, 10″ h x 6″ w. Price, 1 copy, $1/ year; 10 copies, $6/ year; 20 copies, 62½¢/ copy; 40 copies, 50¢/ copy; “No subscription taken for less than one year. When the pay is not in advance, we must add 20 per cent, because it will make that difference to us in issuing the work.” (20 May 1843; p. 48)

• 20 May 1843 is vol 1 #3

relevant information: The Reverend Harris may have been a Universalist minister: “To those who wish for a good juvenile paper for their children, we would recommend the ‘Youth’s Guide,’ just commenced in Boston by Rev. E. N. Harris, a gentleman favorably known to the Universalist denomination ….” [“Close of the Volume.” Eastern Rose-Bud and Sabbath School Companion 4 (22 April 1843: 189.] The editor of the Trumpet and Universalist Magazine was less sure, describing Harris as someone “who once professed to be a Universalist.” [“Do Partialists pay for Papers?” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 17 (26 Oct 1844): 74]

relevant quote: Though requiring subscribers to pay for a year in advance, Harris discovered that the tactic didn’t necessarily result in success: “Am I asked, why did I not continue its publication? I readily answer; because the greater part of the subscribers failed to furnish the means by which to go on with it. Hoping, however, that they would redeem their pledge, I continued the work, until I had paid out in money $394 over and above receipts. The labor I devoted to the ‘Guide’ for the six months in which it was in operation, I have never received a mill for. A support, I felt, that as a father, and as a christian, I must stop the work, although there was more than enough due me on it to make me whole, in dollars and cents.” [“Do Partialists pay for Papers?” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 17 (26 Oct 1844): 74]

source of information: 20 May 1843 issue; Eastern Rose-Bud

bibliography:

• “Close of the Volume.” Eastern Rose-Bud and Sabbath School Companion 4 (22 April 1843: 189.

• “Do Partialists pay for Papers?” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 17 (26 Oct 1844): 74.

Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine ; Jan-Dec 1843 • Boys’ & Girls’ Monthly Library ; Jan 1844-after March 1844

cover/masthead: 1843

edited by: 1843, Mrs. Samuel Colman

published: Boston, MA: T. Harrington Carter & Co., 1843-1844; publisher at 118 1/2 Washington St., 1843

frequency: monthly; 3 vol/ year

description: 1843: 36 pp.; page size, 6.5″ h x 5″ w; price, $1.25/ year.

relevant quote: Plans for 1844: “[W]e propose, for the new year to commence with January, 1844, to reduce the price of the work to one dollar, trusting thereby to meet the wishes of a much larger number throughout the whole country.” [3 (Dec 1843)]

relevant information: Published works by Catherine Sedgwick and James T. Fields; also published “Little Daffydowndilly,” by Nathaniel Hawthorne (Aug 1843: 264-269).

source of information: May-Dec 1843 bound vols; Lyon; AAS

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Periodicals.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 15 (4 Feb 1843): 131.

• “Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine.” New York Evangelist 14 (16 Feb 1843); 28.

• Notice. Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 15 (11 March 1843); 151.

• Advertisement. Christian Secretary 22 (28 April 1843): 3.

• Review. Godey’s Lady’s Book 27 (Aug 1843): 96.

• “Boys and Girls monthly Library.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 16 (9 March 1844): 151.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 173-174.

New Church Magazine for Children ; Jan 1843-June 1844, Jan 1846-June 1862 • The Children’s New-Church Magazine ; July 1862-June 1867, Jan 1868-1891?

published: Boston, MA: Otis Clapp, 1843-1859.

• Boston, MA: T. H. Carter & Co., 1862-1867.

• Boston, MA: T. H. Carter & Sons, 1868.

• New York, NY: General Convention of the New Church, 1868-1870.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1847-1859: 32 pp.; page size, 6.5″ h x 4″ w

• No issues for July 1844-Dec 1845, July-Dec 1867

• 1869: price, $1.75/ year

• Religious focus: General Church of the New Jerusalem

source of information: 1847-1859, scattered issues in bound vol; 15 Nov 1869 The Little Messenger ; AAS catalog; OCLC; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

• excerpt in Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

bibliography:

• Advertisement. The Little Messenger. 2 (15 Nov 1869): 28.

Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

The Pierian ; Jan-Aug 1843

cover/masthead: 1843

edited by: Anna L. Snelling

published: NY: Lott & Chapin; publisher at 156 Fulton St. • NY: H. H. Snelling; publisher at 74 Lispenard St.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 64 pp.; price, 10¢/ issue; $1/ year

• March 1843 is vol 1 #3; June 1843 is vol 2 #2

relevant information: The first issue was supposed to appear in November 1842; it appeared in January 1843.

• Though the proposal indicates that each volume would consist of six issues, volume two began with May: the June 1843 issue mentions that page 22 appears in the May 1843 issue and explains that bound copies of a “second edition of our first volume” are available for sale, which indicates that each volume actually contained four issues, not six.

• A notice in November 1843 mentions two bound volumes, which may indicate that the magazine ended in August, with the fourth issue of volume two.

relevant quote: Though the editor of Godey’s admired the magazine, its editor was taken to task for copying work from other periodicals without attribution: “We do not exactly understand the propriety of the editor’s copying from the ‘Young People’s Book’ a piece entitled ‘The Use of Learning, by T. S. Arthur,’ without acknowledging the source from whence it is derived. If Mr. Arthur is made to appear as an original contributor for the ‘Pierian,’ his pieces should be furnished by himself originally, and paid for. If his pieces, paid for by the publishers of the Young People’s Book, are copied into the Pierian, the source should be acknowledged. Magazines intended for the young should not teach dishonesty by example.” [“Editor’s Book Table.” Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’s American Magazine 27 (Aug 1843): 94]

source of information: March & June 1843 issues; notices, etc., below

bibliography:

• Notice. The Orion 2 (Nov 1842): 64.

• “Notices of Periodicals.” The Orion 2 (Feb 1843): 250.

• Notice. Sargent’s New Monthly Magazine 1 (March 1843): 143.

• Notice. Brother Jonathan 4 (25 March 1843): 345.

• “The Pierian for April.” Commercial Advertiser 46 (8 April 1843): 1.

• Notice. Norfolk Democrat [Dedham, MA] 5 (16 June 1843): 2.

• “Juvenile Papers.” New York Evangelist 14 (22 June 1843): 100.

• Notice of July issue. Commercial Advertiser 46 (14 July 1843): 2.

• “Editor’s Book Table.” Godey’s Lady’s Book, and Ladies’s American Magazine 27 (Aug 1843): 94.

• “New Publications.” Daily Evening Transcript [Boston, MA] 14 (12 Aug 1843): 2.

• “Literary.” Brother Jonathan 5 (19 Aug 1843): 471.

• “Literary Notices.” Brother Jonathan 6 (18 Nov 1843): 335.

Youth’s Penny Gazette ; 11 Jan 1843-Jan 1859 • The Youth’s Sunday-School Gazette (also The Youth’s Sunday School Gazette) ; 1859-1861

cover/masthead: 1845 | 1846-1847 | 1848 | 1849-24 Nov 1852 | 5 Jan 1853-17 Dec 1856 | 7 Jan 1857-22 Dec 1858

edited by: Frederick A. Packard, 1840s

• John S. Hart, 1859-1861

published: Philadelphia, PA: American Sunday School Union, 11 Jan 1843-1861; at 146 Chestnut St., 7 Jan 1852-23 Nov 1853; at 316 Chestnut St., 7 Dec 1853-13 May 1857; at 1122 Chestnut St., 27 May 1857-1861.

• New York, NY: American Sunday-School Union, 7 Jan 1852-22 Dec 1858; at 147 Nassau St., 7 Jan 1852-4 June 1856; at 59 Chambers St., 18 June 1856-18 March 1857; at 375 Broadway, 1 April 1857-22 Dec 1858.

• Boston, MA: American Sunday-School Union, 7 Jan 1852-9 June 1858; at 9 Cornhill.

frequency: 1843-Jan 1859, biweekly • 1859-1861, monthly

description: 1 Jan 1845-22 Dec 1847, 7 Jan 1852-22 Dec 1858: 4 pp.; page size, 12.5″ h x 9.5″ w

• Prices: 1 Jan 1845-22 Dec 1847, 7 Jan 1852-7 Dec 1853: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 40 copies, $5/ year. 1849: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 40 copies, $5/ year: “As this paper is usually taken by schools or companies, the price is put at $5 for FORTY copies to one address, or half a cent a paper. Single subscriptions 25 cts. per year.” [“Periodicals”] 18 Jan 1854-2 Dec 1858: 20 copies, $3/50/ year; 40 copies, $5/ year; 100 copies, $10/ year. 1859-1861: copy collected at the Sunday-School Union Depository: 1 copy, 20¢/ year; 10 copies, $1/ year; 25 copies, $2.40/ year; 50 copies, $4.50/ year; 75 copies, $6.40/ year; 100 copies, $8/ year. Copy mailed to subscriber: 15 copies, $2/ year; 50 copies, $6/ year; 100 copies, $11/ year

• Circulation: 1850, 100,000

relevant quotes: 1846’s new illustration at the top of the paper’s first page was the occasion of some ferocious punning: “People sometimes say of a very shrewd, wise man that he has “an old head.” They say of a youth, who is not properly corrected by his parents or guardians, “he has his own head,” that is, he does as he likes. To say that a man’s “head is turned,” is to say t hat he has gone crazy. And if three or more “lay their heads together” for some unlawful end, they are called conspirators. We may add that there is a head to a pin, to a nail, to a class, to a company, and to a nation, as well as to the Youth’s Penny Gazette. Now, though we have put a “new head ” to our paper, we have “old heads ” to see that each number is properly filled up. There is a committee to look to it, that the Editor does not “have his own head,” except so far as he goes right. Nothing is likely to appear, therefore, which will turn “any boy’s head,” by its error or folly. And we are all pledged “to lay our heads together” for the pleasure and profit of our readers, and not for any evil end. In pursuing this course we need not care “a pin’s head ” for opposition or competition. Our aim must be “to hit the nail on the head,” by saying just the right thing at just the right time. Such care will give us the head of this class of newspapers. It will place us, as we trust, at the head of a great company of children and youth, who may safely follow where we lead, and thus we may be able to show to the head of the nation a great multitude of orderly, industrious, intelligent and virtuous citizens, who shall fear God and keep his commandments.” [“Our New Head.” 4 (7 Jan 1846): 2.]

• The new head for 1846 was intended as allegory: “In [the Jan 7] number we called the attention of our readers to our new and beautiful head or title. We now wish them to notice particularly the lesson which the ornamental devices are intended to teach. It presents human life in four stages. At first we see the mother and her two little children, one in the cradle and the other learning from an alphabet card. Soon the two nurslings become school-children, with a globe and other implements of study. By and by parents come forward training their children up in the ways of truth and wisdom, and soon the scene closes, and old age seeks its resting place in the grave. Our life is but a vapour, that appeareth for a little time and then vanisheth away!” [“Our New Head.” 2 (21 Jan 1846): 6.]

• The Union described the paper in advertisements for 1859: “The Sunday-School Gazette, a MONTHLY paper for children, printed on fine paper, and highly embellished.” [Sunday-School Banner. 1 (April 1859): 4]

• The Gazette was a slightly more expensive version of The Sunday-School Banner, which had the same editor: “The Sunday-School Banner, … printed on less expensive paper than the Gazette, but containing a portion of the cuts and matter of the Gazette, with other matter of its own.” [Sunday-School Banner 1 (April 1859): 4]

relevant information: Probably the work cataloged as Youth’s Sunday School Gazette ; Philadelphia, PA: American Sunday School Union, 1843-?; listed in OCLC

merged with The Sunday-School Banner (Jan 1859-Dec 1861) and continued by: Child’s WorldYouth’s World (1862-after 1884) • Baptist Teacher for Sunday-School Workers (for adults). Descriptions of the Child’s World include the information that that periodical was established in 1843, the year of the Gazette ’s founding.

source of information: 1845-1847, 1852-1858 vol; AAS catalog; OCLC; “Periodicals”; Livingston; Scharf

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

bibliography:

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 14 (19 Jan 1843): 11.

• Advertisement. Boston Recorder 30 (9 Jan 1845): 8.

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 16 (24 July 1845): 120.

Doggett’s New-York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, 4th ed. NY: John Doggett, Jr., 1845; p. 430. [google books]

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 36. [google books]

• “Periodicals published by the American Sunday-School Union.” Episcopal Recorder 27 (28 April 1849): 28.

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 41. [archive.org]

The New York Mercantile Union Business Directory … 1850. NY: S. French, L. C. & H. L. Pratt, 1850; p. 289. [google books]

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 32. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; p. 44. [archive.org]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 36. [google books]

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 29 (16 Dec 1858): 7.

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 30 (13 Jan 1859): 7.

• “Sunday-Schools and the American Sunday-School Union.” The American Journal of Education 41 (Dec 1865): 715.

• J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia, PA: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884; vol 3, p. 2014. [google books]

The Child’s Friend ; Oct 1843-before 1853 • The Child’s Friend and Youth’s Magazine ; in 1853 • The Child’s Friend and Family Magazine ; 1856-Oct 1858

cover/masthead: 1853 | 1858

edited by: 1843-1850, Eliza L. Follen • 1851-1858, Anne Wales Abbot

published: Boston, MA: Leonard C. Bowles, Oct 1843-1857?; Bowles at 118 Washington St., 1843; at 111 Washington St., 1848 & 1853

• Cambridge, MA: Anne Wales Abbot, July-Nov 1857. • Cambridge, MA: John Bartlett, Dec 1857-Oct 1858; publisher at University Bookstore, 1858

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 36 pp.; octavo • 1858: 48 pp; page size, 7.5″ h x 5″ w

• Price: 1853, $1.50/ year; 1856, $2/ year; 1858, 1 copy, $2/ year; 3 copies, $5/ year; 10 copies, $15/ year

• Subscribers: 1850, 2000; from magazine: Oct 1857: 400

relevant information: Printed “A Good Man’s Miracle,” a story by Nathaniel Hawthorne [1 (Feb 1844): 151-156].

relevant quotes: Proposal: “The plan of the ‘Child’ Friend’ is similar to that of the ‘Christian Teacher’s Manual,’ published in 1828. This work is intended to aid teachers and to be at the same time interesting and instructive to children. It aspires to become truly the Child’s Friend, helping him to learn from all that is within and around him the wisdom and goodness of the Creator, that wrong doing produces discord and misery, that life is a continued school time, and that wisdom and virtue and th peace they bring are the true holydays of life. It would lead him to study the character and enter into the heart of Jesus till he grows into his likeness and blesses him as the Savior of his soul.” [“Proposals.” Christian Register and Boston Observer 22 (15 July 1843): 111]

• Introduction: “We call ourselves the Child’s Friend; how shall we prove ourselves worthy of the name?—Jesus was a friend of children; how did he show his love for them? He desired his disciples to allow little children to come to him, he took them in his arms and blessed them. … We say then to children, come to us, you shall find love, you shall find instruction in our pages; come with that simplicity and innocency of heart with which your Creator sent you into his beautiful world.” [“To Children.” 1 (Oct 1843): 1-2]

• Abbot was publisher from July to Dec 1857: “[The editor] is assured by urgent messages from different quarters that its readers, some of them at least, are its warm friends, and would be sorry that it should be sacrificed on account of a temporary derangement of its finances. Help from able pens has been promised, and the Editor has determined to carry on the work to the end of the present year at her own risk, in the hope of saving it. She has therefore purchased the subscription list, or, as it is technically termed, the good-will, and is now the Editor, Publisher, and Proprietor of the concern, the latter term signifying, at present, only the responsibility of paying its bills and the privilege of directing its affairs. A principal reason why it seems to her worth while to make this effort, is that the subscribers, with less than forty exceptions, had paid in advance, and most of them to the end of the year 1857. That each could receive back his dollar, by taking the trouble to apply for it, would not console the children for their disappointment. That some other publication, not of their own choice, and perhaps not to their liking, would be sent to close the year, would not be much more satisfactory to old subscribers. … Although, from its not being kept in the public view by advertising, or other means, its continued existence has been known only to a few, those are mostly its old, substantial friends. They are numerous enough, even now, to sustain it under careful management; therefore, if it survives its present embarrassment, it will go on next year with a surplus, instead of a deficit. The Editor will require nothing for her services but the pleasure of continuing her pleasant relations with the young readers, and keeping their old Friend alive and useful. The profits are to be devoted to the aid of indigent and friendless children.” [29 (July 1857): 47-48]

• Abbot as editor: “To supply a young family with reading of a healthful quality requires more judicious care than formerly, when there were fewer books. The Child’s Friend has an established character, which the present Editor will humbly endeavor to maintain, so that a parent may always put it into his child’s hand with confidence, before he has read it himself. It will aim to instil religious ideas, not of a doctrinal or sectarian cast, to cultivate a pure and high moral taste, to convey information, and to develop social and benevolent affections. The subscriber [Anne W. Abbot] has purchased the subscription list, in order to carry on the Magazine, which was about to be discontinued. Her own services will be gratuitous, and those of the publisher and contributors also; and the profits will be devoted to the relief of indigent and neglected children. She solicits subscribers and literary contributions for this object, and trusts that she shall find so much favor with the public as to give permanent success to her effort.” [31 (Aug 1858): inside front cover]

• In late 1857, Abbot planned to give the profits of the magazine to the Children’s Mission to the Children of the Destitute: “This is a society supported by the contributions of children, and its object is not merely to rescue exposed children from vice, ignorance, and degradation, but to foster the spirit of Christian benevolence in the minds of the young who are growing up in more fortunate circumstances. … ‘The Children’s Friend’ may with peculiar propriety be devoted to such an object as this, and the editor has sought an interview with Mr. Fearing, the President, with the intention of making it the property of the Mission, on condition that the publishing work, as well as the editing, should be done without charge, leaving the whole surplus over the bills for printing and paper for the charity. There are now four hundred subscribers, and the surplus cannot be far from a hundred and fifty dollars, making no allowance for loss, by some falling off or failing to pay. The state of the times making the continuance or increase of subscribers unusually uncertain, it is thought best that the transfer shall not take place until January, when the bills for 1858 will be sent out, and the prospect will be rendered more definite. … [E]very new subscriber will be a subscriber of two dollars a year to the Children’s Mission.” [29 (Oct 1857): 238-240]

• The economic panic of 1857 made publishing precarious, and as publisher, Abbot made a better editor; her relief when John Bartlett took over was palpable: “Through the disinterested kindness of a friend, the Editor is enabled to withdraw from the troublesome office of Publisher. She will retain the ownership of The Child’s Friend for the year to come, as the times render all calculations of profit uncertain, and a possible loss ought not to fall upon the funds of the Children’s Mission. … [John Bartlett’s] services as publisher are gratuitous. The subscribers and the Editor have reason for mutual gratulation that the management of the business affairs have passed into abler hands than hers. Those subscribers who, through her ignorance of post-office regulations, received duplicates of the last number, are requested to lend, or give them, with a view to making the work known, and if any person failed to receive a copy, he can obtain one on application to Mr. Bartlett.” [29 (Dec 1857): 288]

• Abbot kept the magazine’s economic difficulties before her readers, describing a fictional reader who grew up reading it: “See him at his study-table, with one hand buried in his hair, which no longer flows abroad in bushy curls. He knows that the Friend of his boyhood is about to expire, in the midst of its days, from neglect. He is not too busy to give it a thought, and he has not become so learned as to despise it. He remembers the day of small things; he feels that he owes it a debt of gratitude for some good seeds sown, and for some quiet and pleasant hours in those days, when every hour had its share in his mental and moral growth. He shuts his lexicon, or perhaps makes it his desk, and the next mail carries to the disheartened Editor a contribution from his graceful pen, and an encouraging letter, with a promise of future aid.” [30 (Jan 1858): 2-3]

• By July 1858, it was evident that the magazine would fail: “We entered on this year with a list which seemed to promise security from loss, and a small overplus for the Children’s Mission. But in a time of panic like last winter, the first measure of economy, with many, is to cut off papers and periodicals. They fell like dead leaves, and the Child’s Friend suffered in common with those who could better afford it. By the publisher’s account for the half-year, it appears that our resources, when all called in, will not last beyond October, with the most careful management. So it was necessary for the Editor to decide whether to go on, and pay for November and December, or to sell the list of subscribers to some other Magazine. Far be it from us, this customary resort in such cases, (sending to those who have paid punctually something which they did not bargain for, or prefer,) though it is often a means of making money, instead of losing it. Our best subscribers, who have sustained the Magazine to a good old age, shall not have occasion to consider themselves sold. The respectable old Juvenile shall die honorably with the year, deserving the regret of its friends.” [31 (July 1858): 48]

• The August 1858 issue included no advertising (paid or otherwise) at all.

• The last issue did not include the remaining chapters of a story being serialized in 1858; though Abbot deleted a scene, the segment ended on what had to be a frustrating cliff-hanger: “As some of our readers are much interested in ‘Uneika,’ we carry on the story as far as we can in our closing number, by omitting a portion containing a conversation between Uneika and the missionary ….” [31 (Oct 1858): 254]

relevant information: A list of contents for the Jan 1848 issue was published in the Christian Register (27 [1 Jan 1848]: 3).

• The change in editor was noted in the Christian Register (29 [28 Dec 1850]: 206).

source of information: April 1853 issue; Aug 1858 issue; Oct 1843-Sept 1847, 1849, 1857 bound volumes; APS II reels 509-512; Christian Register ; Livingston; Lyon; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

• APS II (1800-1850), reel 509-512

bibliography:

• “Proposals.” Christian Register and Boston Observer 22 (15 July 1843): 111.

• “The Child’s Friend.” Christian Register and Boston Observer 22 (30 Sept 1843): 155.

• “Recent Publication.” Christian Register and Boston Observer 22 (30 Sept 1843): 155.

• C. Stetson. “The Child’s Friend.” Christian Register 22 (28 Oct 1843): 170.

• Advertisement. Christian Register 27 (1 Jan 1848): 3.

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 35. [google books]

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 40. [archive.org]

• “The Child’s Friend, for Jan. 1, 1851.” Christian Register 29 (28 Dec 1850): 206.

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 31. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 19. [archive.org]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 35. [google books]

• Review. The North American Review 85 (July 1857): 277.

• “To Subscribers.” Child’s Friend. 29 (July 1857): 47-48.

• “The Children’s Mission to the Children of the Destitute.” Child’s Friend. 29 (Oct 1857): 238-240.

• “A New Year’s Greeting.” Child’s Friend. 30 (Jan 1858): 1-3.

• Advertisement. Christian Inquirer 12 (4 Sept 1858): 4.

• Mabel F. Altstetter. “Early American Magazines for Children.” Peabody Journal of Education 19 (Nov 1941); p. 132.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 178-182.

• Jill Delano Sweiger. “Conceptions of Children in American Juvenile Periodicals: 1830-1870.” PhD diss. Rutgers University, 1977.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Youth’s Monthly Visitor [also, Youth’s Monthly Visiter] ; March 1844-1846

edited by: Margaret L. Bailey

published: Cincinnati, OH: C. C. Clark; office at “Herald” office, Main St.

frequency: monthly

description: Price: 25¢/ year

• Circulation: March 1844, 800 subscribers [“Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (3 April 1844): 3.] • Dec 1844, 3,000 [“Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (18 Dec 1844): 1.] • Feb 1845, 2,500 [“The Herald Publishing Office.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (5 Feb 1845): 3.]

relevant information: The Visiter was published for almost three years; Bailey went on to establish another periodical in Washington, D. C.: “As this Prospectus [for The Friend of Youth] may reach many of the former friends and patrons of the “Youth’s Monthly Visiter,” a paper which we established and edited for nearly three years, at Cincinnati, we cannot forbear expressing the great pleasure it will give us to renew our former intercourse with them. The little children who then received the ‘Visiter’ as a welcome guest, are now almost grown up men and women. But they will perhaps find some little brother or sister or cousin to whom they may introduce us as an old friend.” [“Prospectus of The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 4 Oct 1849: 158, col 1.]

relevant quotes: The publisher could be unexpectedly candid: “The last number, owing to peculiar circumstances, was not so interesting as previous numbers. The number about to be issued, will be perhaps better than all its predecessors.” [“The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (9 April 1845): 3.]

• The editor of The Harbinger—probably George Ripley—may have been one of Bailey’s fans: “We had for some time been desirous to know more of the authoress of some beautiful little poems that have from time to time met our eye, and are happy to find her as the conductor of so excellent a work. The tone of the Monthly Visitor is pure and elevated; its original articles combine good taste and good sense; its selections are judicious and instructive, and, what is rare in a journal of a religious character, it is free from bigotry or narrowness without being monotonous and flat.” (Harbinger)

relevant information: Lists of the contents of several issues were printed in The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist (see bibliography).

• The issues for July and December 1844 were delayed.

• A story from the periodical—“The Fugitive,” by “Mrs. L. M. Bailey”—was published in the Prisoner’s Friend. [1 (21 May 1845): 32]

• Bailey had planned to end publication with the Feb 1846 issue, but an increase in subscriptions changed her mind. [“The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (4 Feb 1846): 3.]

source of information: Cincinnati Weekly Herald ; Harbinger ; National Era

bibliography:

• “The Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (14 Feb 1844): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (21 Feb 1844): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (13 March 1844): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (3 April 1844): 3.

• “The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (17 April 1844): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (8 May 1844): 3.

• “The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 8 (10 July 1844): 2.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (18 Dec 1844): 1.

• “The Herald Publishing Office.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (22 Jan 1845): 2.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (29 Jan 1845): 1.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (5 Feb 1845): 3.

• “The Herald Publishing Office.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (5 Feb 1845): 3.

• “The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (19 Feb 1845): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (19 March 1845): 3.

• “The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (9 April 1845): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 9 (26 March 1845): 2.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (24 Sept 1845): 3.

• “The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (4 Feb 1846): 3.

• “The Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (18 March 1846): 3.

• “The Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (1 April 1846): 3.

• Notice. The Harbinger. 2 (April 11, 1846): 283. online

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (22 April 1846): 3.

• “Youth’s Monthly Visiter.” The Cincinnati Weekly Herald and Philanthropist 10 (1 July 1846): 3.

• “Prospectus of The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 4 Oct 1849: 158, col 1.

Juvenile Instructor ; 1844?-after 1869

edited by: Lucius C. Matlack; also as “Uncle Lucius”

published: Syracuse, NY: Lucius C. Matlack; 1853, publisher at 60 South Salina St.

frequency: biweekly; 1 vol/ year?

description: Page size, 11.25″ h • Price: 1853, 25¢/ year; 5 copies to one address, $1/ year; 100 copies, $12/ year

• 19 Jan 1850 is vol 10, #212; 5 March 1856 is vol 12, #267

relevant quote: It had an anti-slavery focus: “Its object has been for eight years past to infuse into the young mind appropriate sentiments of respect for parents, sympathy for human suffering, and an abiding hatred of oppression in all its forms. The want of a juvenile paper that shall give a proper direction to the youthful mind, in these times of strife for the supremacy of slavery, is felt by thousands who know not of the existence of this periodical; and yet, within the last eight years, it has moulded the minds of thousands of children, who have grown up to manhood and womanhood thoroughly imbued with the love of freedom for all men.” [Advertisement. National Era 7 (27 Jan 1853): 15]

source of information: National Era ; Liberator ; AAS catalog; OCLC; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• Advertisement. National Era 7 (27 Jan 1853): 15.

• Advertisement. Liberator 23 (1 July 1853): 103.

• Advertisement. National Era 7 (14 July 1853): 112.

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 24 (14 July 1853): 112.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 53. [archive.org]

The Young Reaper ; Jan 1844-1856?

cover/masthead: 1844

edited by: 1844-1851, H. S. Washburn • 1854-1855, Alfred Colburn

published: Boston, MA: New England Sunday School Union, 1844-1853; 1844, publisher at 79 Cornhill.

• Boston, MA: Heath & Graves, 1854-1855.

frequency: monthly; first of the month

description: 1844: 4 pp.; price, 15¢/ year Page size, 11.75″ h

• Circulation: 1845, 6000 copies; 1847, 9000 subscribers

• Religious focus: Baptist

continued by: Young Reaper • The Young Reaper (Jan 1857-1908?)

relevant quotes: The Reaper was in 1854 advertised as “the only Baptist sabbath school paper in the United States.” [Advertisement. Christian Watchman and Reflector 35 (5 Jan 1854): 3]

• In 1856, a change was advertised: “The Young Reaper, [a] beautiful Sabbath School Paper for youth, will be issued on the first of January next in a new and greatly improved style, by the American Bapsist [sic] Publication Society.” [Advertisement. Christian Secretary 35 (26 Dec 1856): 3]

source of information: Christian Reflector ; Christian Secretary ; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Christian Reflector 7 (15 Feb 1844): 28.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger 8 (20 June 1844): p. 15.

• “The N. E. Sabbath School Union.” Christian Reflector 8 (29 May 1845): 87.

• Advertisement. Christian Secretary 24 (30 Jan 1846): 3.

• Advertisement. Christian Reflector 10 (16 Dec 1847): 199.

• Advertisement. Christian Watchman and Reflector 35 (5 Jan 1854): 3.

• Advertisement. Christian Secretary 35 (26 Dec 1856): 3.

The Well-spring (also The Wellspring for Young People) ; 5 Jan 1844-1876 • The Well-spring and Missionary Echoes ; 1877-1881 • The Wellspring ; 1928

cover/masthead: 1845 | 1852, 1854 | 1857 | 1865-1867, 1869

edited by: 1844-1869, Asa Bullard

published: Boston, MA: Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, 5 Jan 1844-1866; 1852-1869, publisher at 13 Cornhill.

• Boston, MA: Congregatonal Sabbath-School and Publishing Society, 1869; publisher at 13 Cornhill.

• Boston, MA: Congregational Publishing Society, 1877-1881.

• Chicago, IL: Congregational Publishing Society, 1928.

frequency: weekly

description: 1845, 1852-1857: 4 pp.; page size, 13″ h x 9.5″ w; prices: 1 copy, 35¢/ year; 3 copies, $1/ year; 10 copies, $3/ year; 20+ copies, 25 ¢ each/ year

• 1865-1867: 4 pp.; page size, 13″ h x 9.5″ w; prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 20 copies, $12/ year

• 1869: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 15.5″ h x 10.75″ w; prices: 1 copy, 60¢/ year; 20 copies, $12/ year

• Circulation: 1845, 11,000. 1850, 22,000. 1866, 50,000. 1867, 50,000

• Religious focus: Congregational

relevant quotes: The Well-spring was intended for children who had read The Sabbath School Visiter, which had been published for adults and for children: “The Managers of the Mass. S. S. Society … [b]elieving that its influence, so far as now exerted, through The Sabbath School Visiter, is greatly abridged by the attempt to adapt that periodical to the wants of both children and adults, … propose to publish … TWO periodicals, to be devoted, one to each of these classes respectively.” The publication for adults was The Congregational Visiter. [Sabbath School Visiter 11 (Oct 1843): 239]

• From the prospectus: “Inasmuch as every juvenile periodical is, and will be perused, to a greater or less extent, on the Sabbath, it is intended that The Well-Spring, like the publications of the Society in general, shall contain nothing unsuitable to be read on that Holy Day. Still, no labor will be spared to render it a paper that shall please and interest, as well as profit the young. An extensive correspondence with Missionaries at the West, and among the heathen, will help to enrich its columns.” [Sabbath School Visiter 11 (Oct 1843): 240]

continues: The Sabbath School Visiter (1833-1843)

source of information: 1845, 1852, 1854, 1857, 1865-1869 scattered issues; Visiter ; Missionary Herald ; Sabbath School Visiter ; OCLC; Livingston

available: AASHistPer, series 3, 4, 5

bibliography:

• “Periodicals of the Massachusetts Sabbath School Society.” The Sabbath School Visiter 11 (Oct 1843): 239-240.

• “The Well Spring.” Boston Musical Visitor 3 (9 Feb 1844): 240.

• Notice. Sabbath School Messenger 8 (20 June 1844): 15.

• “Massachusetts Sabbath School Society.” The Missionary Herald 41 (July 1845): 246-247.

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 32. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 20. [archive.org]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 36. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 31. [google books]

• Advertisement. New York Observer and Chronicle 43 (14 Dec 1865): 399.

• Advertisement. New York Observer and Chronicle 44 (27 Dec 1866): 411.

• Advertisement. New York Observer and Chronicle 45 (26 Dec 1867): 412.

• Advertisement. New York Observer and Chronicle 46 (3 Dec 1868): 387.

• “Good News for the Children.” The Missionary Herald 65 (Jan 1869); 17-18.

The Bee ; 9 March 1844-22 April 1845

edited by: William August Munsell (8 years old in 1844)

published: Albany, NY: William August Munsell.

frequency: irregular

description: 4 pp.; page size, 9.5″ h • Nine issues

• Amateur publication

• Commended by Samuel Griswold Goodrich; magazine reprints a letter from him to Munsell

• According to Lyon, the publication ceased because the editor “came down with whooping cough.” [p. 138]

source of information: Lyon; OCLC

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 138.

Uncle Ezekiel’s Youth’s Cabinet ; May 1844-15 March 1846?

cover/masthead: 1845-1846

edited by: “Ezekiel Loveyouth” [Joseph F. Witherell]

published: Concord, NH: J. F. Witherell, May 1844-Ap 1845; “published at the Balm of Gilead Office”.

• Concord, NH: Witherell & Lowell, 1845. (1 May & 15 May 1845)

frequency: May 1844-Ap 1845: monthly; “early in the month” • after 1 May 1845, 1st & 15th of each month

description: May 1844-Ap 1845: 16 pp.; page size, 5.75″ h x 3.75”

• after 1 May 1845: 8 pp.; page size untrimmed, 9″ h x 6″ w; prices: 1 copy, 25¢ 5 copies, $1; 11 copies, $2; 18 copies, $3; “The money in all cases to accompany the order.”

• The issue for 15 March 1846 is vol 2, numbers 15-16.

• Witherell used the vignette of reading children which appeared in the Cabinet ’s masthead for May 1845 to illustrate the “Youth’s Department” in The Gem and Literary Gazette (Dexter, ME) in 1857.

relevant quotes:

• From the prospectus: “I love children, and am anxious to do all I can for their improvement and happiness. And as I remember when I was a boy, I was very fond of reading and getting information, so I suppose my young friends to be. And I dare say, they will take more interest in a magazine printed on purpose for them, than they would in any of the large papers which are so plenty, and which contain much that is uninteresting and unintelligible to youth. Whether my little friends will love me as much as I love hem when we [p. 2] get better acquainted, is a matter yet to be determined; but one thing I can safely promise them, and that is, that I shall do all in my power to make the paper interesting and useful to them. I shall not be satisfied with simply affording them amusement, but shall always endeavor to publish such pieces as will make them wiser, and have a tendency to make them better. For we must always remember, that we cannot be truly happy unless we are good. I shall, of course, tell them about a great many things of which they may wish to learn, but I shall be careful to avoid every thing that is unprofitable. As some of the most interesting stories there are in the world, are to be found in the Bible, I shall often publish such in this paper. … ” [“Introduction.” 1 (May 1844): 1-2]

• Much was promised for the second year of the magazine, including more regular issues: “ … I am requested by Mr. Witherell, to apologise to you for the irregularity in issuing the ‘Cabinet.’ He feels very sorry that he could not get them out more punctual, though I am sure he has not been to blame. He has been obliged to do most of the printing himself; and he has had so many other things to attend to, that it was impossible for him to do better than he has. You will therefore, I trust, excuse him. We have now made arrangements with a young gentleman to print the next volume, and the numbers will be issued regularly on the first day of every month. I calculate to make the next volume much better and prettier than this. It will be printed on new type with a beautiful border around the pages; and I have ma[d]e a bargain with the picture maker, for a great variety of new and splendid pictures, much superior to any in this volume. I have been engaged for some time in writing stories, which, I know will be very interesting to my little friends. As I have a great many more subscribers for the next volume, than I had for this, I can afford to make the paper better, and I shall do so. … [signed] E. Loveyouth.” [“Concluding Address.” 1 (Ap 1845): 184]

relevant information:

• Publication was erratic the first year: “By the first of the month, mentioned in our prospect[u]s, as the time of issuing the Cabinet is not meant the first day of the month, but early in the month. Our numerous other engagements make it inconvenient to issue the Cabinet invariably on the first day of each month.” [“Note to Our Patrons.” 1 (Oct 1844): 96] Witherell apologized for the erratic publishing: “We owe an apology to our little friends, for the irregularity of the issues of the Cabinet. If they will excuse us for the past, they may depend on receiving the future numbers regularly, as early as the 10th of every month.” [1 (Nov/Dec 1844?): 128] It appears that the issues for Nov and Dec 1844 were published as a single 32-page issue.

• Publication also was erratic the second year: “When I commenced the present volume of the ‘Cabinet,’ I expected that I should be able to issue the numbers regularly, and I so promised its patrons.—But the printer, (who, by the way, has ruined himself, pecuniarily, in the publication of another paper,) has not, owing to his pecuniary embarrassment, been able to meet his engagements in the matter. He regrets this as much as I do, [b]ut could not possibly do better than he [p. 120] has. Under existing circumstances, I do not like to make another promise, but I will assure my little friends, that the volume will be completed as speedily as possible; at the end of which, the paper will probably be discontinued.” [“Apologetical.” 2 (15 March 1846): 119-120.]

• Witherell moved to Dexter, Maine, around 1850, where he set up a printing business and published The Gem and Literary Gazette for adults and Youth’s Cabinet and Little Joker (April 1857-after June 1857) for children.

• Pieces from the original Cabinet probably were collected and reprinted as a 92-page book titled The Youth’s Cabinet around 1857; the book was a premium sent to subscribers to Youth’s Cabinet and Little Joker.

source of information: 1844-1845 bound volume; May 1845 issues; scrapbook & vertical file articles, & pieces in The Gem and Literary Gazette, all at the Dexter Historical Society, Dexter, Maine; AASHistPer; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

Little Truth-Teller: A New-Church Magazine for Children ; 1845-1852

published: Philadelphia, PA: J. H. Jones.

• Philadelphia, PA: Barrett & Jones, 1847.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 6.25″ h

• Jan 1847 is vol 2 #2

• Religious focus

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

The Child’s Companion and Youth’s Friend ; Jan 1845-after 1870

edited by: W. B. Tappan, 1848-1849 • Henry Hoyt, 1851-1852

published: Philadelphia, PA: American Sunday School Union. New York, NY, 1850; publisher at 147 Nassau; James C. Meeks, agent

frequency: monthly: first day of month

description: 1848: 32 pp.; page size, 5.75″ h x 3.5″ w • 1849-1852: price, 25¢/ year

• Religious focus

source of information: 1848 bound vol; OCLC; AAS catalog; “Periodicals”; Adams; Boston Directory ; New York Mercantile

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Periodicals published by the American Sunday-School Union.” Episcopal Recorder 27 (28 April 1849): 28.

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 35. [google books]

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 40. [archive.org]

The New York Mercantile Union Business Directory … 1850. NY: S. French, L. C. & H. L. Pratt, 1850; p. 289. [google books]

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 31. [google books]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 35. [google books]

The Monthly Rose ; Jan-Dec 1845

published: Albany, NY: E. H. Pease & W. C. Little, Jan-Dec 1845.

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 9.75″ h. Price, $1/ year

• • Published by “the present and former members of the Albany Female Academy.”

source of information: OCLC; Youth’s Companion

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “The Monthly Rose.” Youth’s Companion 18 (2 Jan 1845): 140.

• “New Publications, etc.” The Knickerbocker 25 (Feb 1845): 188.

• “Editors’ Table.” The Nassau Monthly 4 (March 1845): 160.

• Review. Broadway Journal 1 (22 March 1845): 184.

• “Books Received.” Littell’s Living Age 6 (5 July 1845): 10.

The Penny Library for School Children ; 1 April-3 June 1845

edited by: William B. Fowle

published: Boston, MA: Asa Fitz. • Fowle & Capen also listed as a publisher

frequency: weekly

description: Page size, 6.25″ h • Sold at the bookstore of Fowle and Capen

source of information: OCLC; AAS catalog; Christian Register

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. Christian Register 24 (24 May 1845): 82.

The Mountain Rill ; April 1845-after May 1845

cover/masthead: 1845

edited by: “Peter Parley, jr”

published: Concord, NH: George S. Willson

frequency: monthly

description: 4 pp.?; page size, 12.5″ h; prices: 1 copy, 1 shilling/ year; 8 copies, $1/ year

• Temperance focus

relevant information: Willson also published the White Mountain Torrent, a temperance paper for adults.

relevant quote: On the founding: “The motives which led to the commencement of the MOUNTAIN RILL may be briefly stated. The children and youth comprise the greater part of our population. In the common course of nature they will soon stand in the place of ‘vigorous manhood.’ And whether that generation be an honor to humanity, depends in a fearful degree upon the present age. With these facts impressed upon our mind, we concluded to issue a sheet for the YOUTH—the Cold Water Army,—a paper that they may call THEIR OWN. The White Mountain Torrent devoted a part of its space to the YOUTH under its former Editor. This of course, pleased the SMALLER number of their readers and displeased the larger. Latterly this practice has been discontinued, which leaves the former of the above named class of readers unprovided for and calls loudly, we think, for such as paper as the ‘Rill.’ ” [Prospectus]

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; Torrent ; Hammond

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “The Mountain Rill.” White Mountain Torrent 3 (4 April 1845): 3.

• Prospectus. White Mountain Torrent 3 (4 April 1845): 3.

• Otis G. Hammond. “Bibliography of the Newspapers and Periodicals of Concord, N. H., 1790-1898,” in New Hampshire. General Court. Reports 1901-1902; vol 1, p. 268; on Willson only. [google books]

The Myrtle ; 17 May 1845-31 Dec 1904

cover/masthead: 1859

edited by: 1853, Joseph Fullerton

• 1859, William Burr

published: Dover, NH: Free-will Baptist Printing Establishment, 17 May 1845-31 Dec 1904

frequency: 17 May 1845-1897, biweekly; listed as weekly in 1850

• 1 Jan 1898-1904, weekly

description: 1859: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 13″ h x 8.25″ w. Price: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 10 copies, 12½¢ each; 20 copies or more, 17¢ each

• Circulation: 1850, 3,000; 1862: 13,500 [“The Freewill Baptists.” The Christian Review 110 (1 Oct 1862): 568]

relevant information: Frances E. Willard, who became important in the temperance and women’s rights movements, remembered reading this “pretty little juvenile paper” as a child; she was born in 1839. (Willard, p. 7)

source of information: 23 April 1859 issue; AAS catalog; OCLC; christian Review ; Livingston

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 25. [archive.org]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 39. [google books]

• “The Freewill Baptists.” The Christian Review 110 (1 Oct 1862): 568.

• Frances E. Willard. Glimpses of Fifty Years. Chicago, IL: H. J. Smith & Co., 1889. Reproduced New York, NY: Source Book Press, 1970.

The Monthly Rose (also The Monthly Rose, and Literary Cabinet); July 1845 • The Monthly Rose, and Otis School Cabinet ; Aug-Nov 1845 • The Monthly Rose, and School Cabinet ; Jan 1846 • The Monthly Rose, and Literary Cabinet ; Feb-Aug 1846, Nov 1846-Oct 1847 • The Monthly Rose ; Nov 1847-

edited by: July 1845-1849, Henry C. Shepard

• 1849, T. R. Shepard, jr.

• 1849-1850, William A. Clark

• 1850, “Frank Lovelace”; W. H. Hutchinson

published: Boston, MA: H. C. Shepard, July 1845, 1846.

• Boston, MA: Shepard & Hinds, Aug-Nov 1845.

• Boston, MA: Shepard, Hinds & Woodward, Feb 1846-Oct 1847.

• Boston, MA: Benjamin P. Lane, 1846-1848.

• Boston, MA: Brown, Lane & Co., 1847.

• Boston, MA: Joseph H. Brown, 1848.

• Boston, MA: Brown, Bishop & Co., 1848.

• Boston, MA: H. C. Bishop, jr., 1848.

• Boston, MA: W. A. Clark & Co., 1849.

• Boston, MA: Clark & Hutchinson, 1850.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: July 1845-: page size, 7.5″ h • No issues for Sept-Oct 1846

source of information: OCLC; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. The Asteroid 1 (1 Sept 1848): 7-8.

The Encourager ; 1846

edited by: Daniel P. Kidder

published: New York, NY: Carlton & Porter.

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 5.75″ h

relevant information:

• Religious focus: Methodist

• Description: “Intended to enkindle a missionary spirit.” [“Notices.” Ladies Repository, and Gatherings of the West 6 (March 1846): 96] Eleanor Nolen notes that it “made a specialty of missionary stories.” [p. 57]

perhaps continued by: The Sunday-Scholar’s Mirror (1849-1850): “In our serial literature for children, it is found by experience to be well to change the titles occasionally, for the sake of variety and good effect. Thus the Encourager followed the Children’s Magazine, the [Sunday-Scholar’s] Mirror the Encourager, and now the Monitor succeeds the Mirror.” [Youth’s Monitor ; p. 5]

source of information: Lyon; Nolen; Monitor ; OCLC

bibliography:

• “Notices.” Ladies Repository, and Gatherings of the West 6 (March 1846): 96.

• “Introduction.” The Youth’s Monitor 1 (Jan 1851): 5-6.

• Eleanor Weakley Nolen. “Nineteenth Century Children’s Magazines.” The Horn Book Magazine. 15 (January/February 1939): 55-60.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 139.

Young Churchman’s Miscellany ; Jan 1846-Dec 1848

edited by: Jesse Ames Spence

published: New York, NY

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 7.75″ h

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

Young People’s Magazine ; Jan-Dec 1846

cover/masthead: cover

edited by: Seba Smith

published: New York, NY: J. K. Wellman; publisher at 118 Nassau St.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 24 pp; page size untrimmed, 9.5″ h x 6″ w; price, $1/ year

• Circulation (from magazine): 4,000 (June 1846)

• A portrait of Seba Smith was included in the Sept 1846 issue

relevant quotes: Introduction: “The design of this work is to present a useful and interesting periodical to the youth of our country,—one that, while it shall amuse, shall also instruct and enlighten; and not merely instruct and enlighten, but elevate and purify. A work which shall do its share towards guiding the youth of our country in the path that will lead them to usefulness and respectability as citizens, and honor and happiness as men and Christians. With this general object in view, all suitable topics will be discussed, and the best material sought for, both original and selected, wherever it may be available. The world of fact and the world of fancy will both be explored, and their choicest treasure brought home and spread before our young readers. Without bias in party politics, the work will present clear and condensed views of political statistics, institutions, and men of the country; and without sectarianism, it will aim to present such matter as may be acceptable to any Christian family. Stories, Poetry, History, Biography, Science and Art, will all be made to contribute to our general design. Biographical notices of the distinguished men of our country and occasionally of other countries, both ancient and modern; American history; the history and statistics of the individual States, from Maine to Texas, and from the Europeans first landed upon these shores till the present times;—these are among the prominent sources from which our pages will be filled. And though this work is designed mainly for youth, it is intended that it shall be so conducted that the youth who takes it and preserves it, shall find it a pleasant and valuable companion in middle life or in old age.” [1 (Jan 1846): 1]

available: excerpts online

source of information: Jan-May, July bound vol; Jan-Dec bound vol; Aug issue; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. New York Evangelist 16 (30 Oct 1845): 176.

• Notice. Scientific American 1 (5 March 1846): 3.

The Satchel ; Feb 1846-1847

published: Philadelphia, PA: Aaron F. Cox

frequency: semimonthly during school months; weekly during summer

description: 50¢/ year

• Circulation: Feb 1846 issue was reprinted twice in order to meet demand. March 1846, 3,000 or 3,500 copies; April 1846, another reprinting. May 1846: “About 16,800 copies of The Satchel have been disposed of although but five numbers of the work have been issued.” [in Lyon; p. 191]

source of information: Lyon; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 188-192.

The Youth’s Friend ; 6 March 1846-1860

edited by: 1846-July 1847: “Friend Abel” (Abel C. Thomas) • July 1847-50: Henry Jewell

• 1851-1860: “a lady”

published: Cincinnati, OH: Universalist Sunday School. • Cincinnati, OH: Longley & Brother, 1853.

frequency: weekly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1846-before 1858: 4 pp.; page size, 10.25″ h. 1853, price: 50¢/ year

• 1858: 16 pp.; price, 50¢/ year

• Circulation: 1850, 1,000. 1856, 4,000

• Religious focus: Universalist, 1846-1853

relevant information: Originally published by C. Thomas ‘gratuitously for the benefit of his Sunday School, at Cincinnati, Ohio.” [“The ‘Youth’s Friend.’ ” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 18 (11 April 1846): 171]

• Henry Jewell took over as editor of the Friend and as pastor of the Universalist society in July 1847. [Notice. Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 18 (6 Aug 1847): 255]

• Published by the Longley Brothers, the Friend was more secular.

source of information: Gem ; Trumpet ; Evangelical Magazine ; “To the ‘Little Forester’ Subscribers”; advertisements; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “The ‘Youth’s Friend.’ ” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 18 (11 April 1846): 171.

• “Youth’s Friend.” Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 18 (23 April 1847); 134.

• Notice. Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 19 (12 June 1847): 206.

• Notice. Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 20 (31 July 1847): 26.

• Notice. Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 18 (6 Aug 1847): 255.

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 36. [archive.org]

• Notice. The Western Gem 6 (June 1853): 22. online

• “To the ‘Little Forester’ Subscribers.” The Youth’s Friend 10 (Jan 1856): 60.

• Advertisement. Life Illustrated 5 (27 Feb 1858): 143.

• Advertisement. The Sibyl 2 (15 March 1858): 336.

• Notice. Emery’s Journal of Agriculture 2 (26 Aug 1858): 132.

• Notice. Emery’s Journal of Agriculture 2 (7 Oct 1858): 232.

• Richard Eddy. Universalism in America. Boston: Universalist Publishing House, 1886: vol 2, p. 596; copy at google books.

Children’s Advent Herald ; May 1846-1852 • Youth’s Guide ; May 1852-1860?

cover/masthead: 1846 | 1850 | 1852, 1854, 1857

edited by: Joshua V. Himes

published: Boston, MA: J. V. Himes. Publisher at 8 Chardon, 1853-1855; publisher at 46½ Kneeland, 1856-1859

frequency: monthly, first week of the month; 1 vol/ year (each volume began with May issue)

description: 4 pp.; price, 25¢/ year

• Circulation: 1850, 1,500

• Religious focus: Seventh-Day Adventist

relevant information: Apparently named for The Advent Herald, a paper for adults which Himes also edited.

• The first issue was sent out late in May 1846.

• Not listed in Daniel J. Kenny’s American Newspaper Directory for 1861.

relevant quote: On the change in name in 1852: “During the five years of the existence of this paper, we have found so little matter, in keeping with its former title, adapted to its columns, as to render the Children’s Advent Herald almost a misnomer. Therefore, rather than longer retain a title, which appeared to restrict our labors to a single field,—a field, too, in which we found it difficult to fine [sic] ourselves,—we concluded to relinquish it, and adopt one that should be entirely in harmony with its contents.” [“ ‘Youth’s Guide.’ ” Youth’s Guide 6 (May 1852): 2.]

• With the change in name came a change in subscription terms: the Guide would be sent only to subscribers who paid in advance, and would be stopped once the period subscribed for was over. The need for these draconian (for the time) measures was explained with a little math: “Unless we carry out this plan, it will be impossible to continue the paper without embarrassment. The subscription price being so small, many seem unable to understand (or, if they do, they pay no attention to it,) how the temporary withholding of their twenty-five cents, can cause any embarrassment! … If one thousand subscribers owe one year’s subscription, the whole amount makes two hundred and fifty dollars! Although each individual sum due is small, when united to many others, it assumes formidbale appearence. Thus it is with many of our subscribers. We have jogged their memories time and again, … and while some have responded, many others have appeared, and still do appear, oblivious of the fact, that it is the last straw that breaks the camel’s back.” [“New Arrangement.” Youth’s Guide 6 (May 1852): 2.]

source of information: AASHistPer series 3 & 4; Livingston; Massachusetts Register ; American

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

bibliography:

• “ ‘Children’s Advent Herald.’ ” The Advent Herald 11 (29 April 1846): 96.

• “ ‘Children’s Advent Herald.’ ” Voice of Truth and Glad Tidings 10 (27 May 1846): 68.

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 19. [archive.org]

Massachusetts Register for the Year 1854. Boston: George Adams, 1854; p. 176. [archive.org]

Massachusetts Register for the Year 1855. Boston: George Adams, 1855; p. 174. [archive.org]

Massachusetts Register for the Year 1856. Boston: George Adams, 1856; p. 189. [archive.org]

Massachusetts Register for the Year 1857. Boston: George Adams, 1857; p. 159. [archive.org]

Massachusetts Register for the Year 1858. Boston: Adams, Sampson & Co., 1858; p. 149. [archive.org]

Massachusetts Register for the Year 1859 . Boston: Adams, Sampson & Co., 1859; p. 151. [archive.org]

The American Christian Record. NY: W. R. C. Clark & Meeker, 1860; p. 696. [archive.org]

The Golden Rule ; May 1846-

cover/masthead: 1846

edited by: Henry L. & George P. Brown

published: Groton, MA: Henry L. & George P. Brown.

frequency: monthly

description: 4 pp.; page size, 12.5″ h; price, 50¢/ year

relevant quote: Introductory: “Come boys, and—(we may as well out with it,) GIRLS, give us a good hearty shake, in this our first appearance before you, as editors and printers. leave your fly cages, pop-guns, gimecracks [sic] and what nots for a while, and seat yourselves with us, to hear what we have to say. Don’t be bashful, but hold up your heads in our presence, like men. We have printed our modest sheet for YOU to read—we have come to see YOU, and not the ‘old folks;’ so don’t go to work and disappoint us, by cutting our acquaintance thus early. We have been at some expense in printing this little sheet, and have spent many anxious hours of labour in selecting and preparing the articles herein contained; and it is clear, that, unless you extend your aid and encouragement, the attempt to sustain a monthly sheet in Groton, must fall through.” [“Our First Bow to the Public.” 1 (May 1846): 4.]

source of information: AAS catalog; AASHistPer; Lyon

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 139.

The Student ; May 1846-April 1854 • The Student and Family Miscellany ; May 1854-Oct 1855

cover/masthead: 1849 | 1854

edited by: May 1846-April 1854, Norman A. Calkins • 1848-1850, J. S. Denman • 1849-1850, S. E. Paine

published: New York, NY: Denman, Calkins & Paine, 1849-1850; publisher at 148 Grand.

• New York, NY: Fowler & Wells, 1850-Dec 1853.

• New York, NY: Norman A. Calkins, Jan 1854-Oct 1855; publisher at 131 Nassau St., Jan 1854; publisher at 348 Broadway, 15 April 1854: “The office of The Student will be removed on the 15th of April to No. 348 Broadway, Room No. 10, over Appleton’s Bookstore.” [8 (April 1854): 185]

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year: volumes begin with May & Nov issues

description: May 1853-April 1854: 32 pp.; 8.75″ h x 5.5″ w; price, $1/ year

• 1850s: magazine used four different typefaces, in order to appeal to children, teenagers, and adults

relevant information:

• The Student ’s cover changed in May 1851: “Our New Title-Page.—It has already been seen that the cover appears with a new, beautiful, and attractive title-page; but we wish to call attention more particularly to its design. On one side is represented the family, a lovely group, attentively listening to the father, who is reading for their instruction, on the opposite side is a school scene during recess. In the foreground of this view, with a theodolite, is a lad making a practical application of the principles of Surveying, which he is learning at the school. Near him is another lad who has become interested in Geology and Mineralogy, and, with hammer in hand, is breaking in pieces the rock to obtain specimens for his cabinet. Near him is a girl who, having collected a handful of flowers, has seated herself to examine and analyze them; and in the distance are three smaller children taking exercize in various sports. The whole design is in harmony with and appropriately represents the character of the work.” [“Our New Title-Page.” The Student. 3 (May 1851): 29]

• In 1851, Fowler & Wells also published The American Phrenological Journal (“devoted to the Moral and Intellectual development of Man. Psychology, Magnetism, Physiognomy, and all that relates to Mind, may be found in this publication”) and The Water-Cure Journal (“devoted to Hydropathy, Physiology, and the laws which govern life and health, including Dietetics, together with the philosophy and practice of Water-Cure”), both for adults. [advertisement. The National Era. 23 Oct 1851: 171, col 7]

• Circulation (from magazine): May 1854, 10,000

relevant quote: On absorbing The Flower-Basket: “The Flower-Basket, a monthly magazine for the young, formerly edited and published by the Rev. J. J. Buchanan, at Pittsburg, Pa. is now merged into The Student. There will be no change in The Student, from this union, but according to an arrangement between the publishers of the two works, those whose term of subscription for The Flower-Basket has not expired, will receive The Student in place of that work. … The present widely extended circulation of The Student is a flattering testimonial of the favor with which it is received as a valuable family periodical, and of its increasing popularity among the friends of education and improvement.” [“The Student and Flower-Basket United.” The Student 4 (April 1852): 185]

absorbed: The Flower Basket (-April 1852) • The Student and Young Tutor ; Nov 1846-Sept 1848 • The Favourite Magazine of Instruction and Amusement for Boys and Girls (also The Favorite); April-Sept 1852

merged with: The Schoolmate (Feb 1852-Oct 1855) to form The Student and Schoolmate ; Nov 1855-1872

relevant quotes:

• Intentions: “The Student is designed for Children and Youth—to be used in schools and families. It is devoted to Education, Natural History, (with illustrative engravings,) to Biography, Music, Phonography, and the Natural Sciences generally. It is probably the best Educational Serial published in this country.” [advertisement. National Era. 23 Oct 1851: 171, col 7]

• On the magazine in 1854: “During the eight years which we have been connected with The Student, our aim has been, through its pages, to awaken an ardent love for learning and self-improvement, not only in the school-room, but in the family circle, around the centre-table of the richly-furnished parlor, and by the hearth-stone of rural country homes. … We believe that no other periodical, claiming to be educational, has obtained so large a circulation by subscriptions as The Student. Not a county can be found, where it has not been seen and read, and, so far as we have heard, it has met with a cordial approval.” [8 (April 1854): 185]

• On the change to Student & Family Miscellany, 1854: “A New and Improved Volume of The Student and Family Miscellany will commence with the number for May. It will appear in a new form, with new type, and four additional pages; containing 36 pages each month, instead of 32, as heretofore. We intend to send the first number of the new volume to each of our present subscribers, even though the subscriptions of some expire with the present number, and we hope all will examine it. Should any whose subscriptions have expired receive The Student for May, and wish to discontinue the work, please D O    N O T return that number, but keep it and show it to your friends. … Sample numbers of the new volume will be ready on the 15th of April, and will be forwarded, gratis, on application by letter, post-paid, to any person who may desire to examine the work.” [8 (April 1854): 185]

source of information: 1851-1852 issues (located in Winterthur Library, Wilmington, DE); May 1853-April 1854 bound volume; Lyon; AAS catalog; Mercantile

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

excerpts online

bibliography:

• Notice. Water-Cure Journal 9 (April 1850): 128.

• Prospectus. Valley Farmer 2 (June 1850): 198.

The New York Mercantile Union Business Directory … 1850. NY: S. French, L. C. & H. L. Pratt, 1850; p. 289. [google books]

• Notice. Ohio Cultivator 7 (15 Aug 1851): 251.

• Advertisement. The National Era. 23 Oct 1851: 171, col 7.

• Notice. The Massachusetts Teacher 5 (Jan 1852): 31.

• “The Student and Flower-Basket United.” The Student 4 (April 1852): 185.

• Advertisement. American Phrenological Journal 16 (Dec 1852): 139.

• Advertisement. The National Era 7 (27 Jan 1853): 15.

• Notice. Monthly Literary Miscellany, February 1853: 64. online

• Advertisement. American Phrenological Journal 21 (Feb 1855): 44.

• Advertisement. The Plough, the Loom and the Anvil 7 (June 1855): 932.

• “New Publications.” New York Observer and Chronicle 33 (14 June 1855): 190.

• “ Editor’s Book Table.” The Independent 7 (5 July 1855): 216.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 224-228.

Boys’ and Girls’ Weekly Catholic Magazine (also Boys’ and Girls’ Catholic Magazine) ; 6 June 1846-1848 • Catholic Weekly Instructor (also Weekly Catholic Instructor); 6 Jan 1849-1851

published: Philadelphia, PA: William J. Cunningham, 6 Jan 1849-1851.

frequency: weekly

description: Price: $1/ year; 2¢/ each. Page size, 10″ h • Newspaper format

• Religious focus: Catholic

relevant quote: In the typo-laden prospectus for volume two, the editor sound positively petulant: “The Boys’s and Girl[s’] Wekeley [sic] Cath[o]lic Magazine has now been before the Catholic community for one year to those who have given it their patronage during the first year of its existence, it is unnecessary, we hope, to say anything respecting its merits. The maney [sic] tokens of approbation which they have been pleased to bestow on it inspires us with the confident exp[ec]tation that they will continue to favor it with thier countenance and patronage. But there are many, very many Catholic families to which our little paper is entir[e]ly unknown, and into which we are anxious to introduce it. Its circulation at present is exceedingly limited compare[d] with what it might and should be, and especially compared with the expense and trouble of publishing it. Small though it be in size, every number that is issued requires a considerable outlay of money, besides the time and trouble which its managemen[t] demands. When it is considered that even in Philadelphia alone there are thousands of Catholic families, it is plain that ther[e] is ample room for a great extention [sic] of its circulation even at its very doors, and wh[en] it is considered, m[o]reover, that it is the only periodical of the kind published among Catholics in the United States, it is still more evident that it mig[h]t and should be most liberally supported. The price of it is within the means [of every] family in the country, being only One Dollar per annum, or two cents per coppy. [sic]” [“Prospectus”]

continued by: Catholic Instructor (for adults)

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC; NUC; “Prospectus of the second volume.”

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Prospectus of the second volume.” The Huntress 11 (26 June 1847): 2.

• “Our Exchanges.” The Huntress 12 (27 Jan 1849): 6.

• Thomas C. Middleton. “Catholic Periodicals Published in the United States.” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia. N.p.: American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia, 1908; vol 19, p. 25. [google books]

Youth’s Monthly Friend (also Youth’s Friend); July 1846-April 1858

edited by: Longley & Brother

published: Cincinnati, OH: Longley & Bro.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: quarto

absorbed: Little Forester ; Jan 1854-1855

source of information: Lyon; NYPL

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 139-140, 146-147.

The Student and Young Tutor ; Nov 1846-Sept 1848

edited by: J. S. Denman, Nov 1846-1847 (vol 1-4) • J. S. Denman & N. A. Calkins

published: New York, NY: J. S. Denman.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: Page size, 9.75″ h. Price: 1848, 50¢/ year

• Included works “in coarse print” for young readers, as well as works for older readers. [Notice. Dwights American Magazine and Family Newspaper 3 (13 March 1847): 167]

relevant information: Pieces from the Student and Young Tutor were reprinted in The District School Journal of the State of New York and in Dwights American Magazine.

absorbed by: The Student ; May 1846-April 1854

source of information: OCLC; Dwights ; Massachusetts Teacher ; Connecticut

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. Dwights American Magazine and Family Newspaper 3 (13 March 1847): 167.

• “Educational Library.” The Massachusetts Teacher 1 (15 June 1848): 186.

• “Educational Periodicals.” The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 1 (May 1854): 153.

The Mt. Vernon Enterprise ; 1847-?

edited by: first issue, Joseph Elder; Thomas Egleston; John Cass. after first issue, Joseph Elder; Thomas Egleston; J. B. Williams.

published: New York, NY: Joseph Elder, Thomas Egleston, & John Cass. After first issue: New York, NY: Joseph Elder, Thomas Egleston, & J. B. Williams.

frequency: monthly

description: 1¢/ copy. • Amateur publication; editors were students at the Mount Vernon School

source of information: Lyon; OCLC

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 140.

Uncle Peter’s Juvenile Cabinet ; before May 1847 • The Youth’s Cabinet ; May 1847-

published: Lewiston Falls, ME

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 8.25″ h

• May 1847 is vol 2 #1

source of information: AAS catalog

Young American’s Magazine of Self-Improvement ; Jan-Dec 1847

cover/masthead: 1847

edited by: George W. Light

published: Boston, MA: C. H. Peirce.

frequency: bimonthly: Jan, March, May, July, Oct, Dec

description: Jan, 66 pp.; March-Oct, 60 pp.; Dec, 48 pp. • Page size, 7.50″ h x 4.50″ w • Price: 20¢/ issue; $1.20/ year

relevant information: Apparently intended for an audience of teenagers and older, especially young men. The six issues include poetry and general essays on speaking, moving through society, the importance of manual labor, abolition, the importance of education, and how to know oneself. Paragraphs in “Miscellaneous Notes” comment on major events and give advice; “The Book World” is a regular column reviewing poetry and nonfiction. While the pieces seem intended for a general audience, several works have subjects more in keeping with works for children than works for adults.

relevant quotes:

• Prospectus: “The leading purpose of this Magazine is, to awaken a more general interest in SELF-IMPROVEMENT—Physical, Moral, Intellectual, Industrial and Prudential; and to meet the wants of those who are more or less engaged in that noble work. But while it will aim to embody in its pages … a good share of the best self-educational spirit and talent of the age, no effort will be wanting to make an entertaining and useful Miscellany of Prose and Poetry for the general reader.”

• Light made specific demands of contributors: “The matter of the Magazine … must be Practical; and in this view we wish to comprise criticisms and strictures upon the living manners, fashions, literature, prevalent opinions and general tone of the age. Some parts of the Spectator … occur to us as coming near enough to a model of what we wish for in this department. … As to Fictitious composition, we have no great respect for the common run of love-tales, we frankly confess. Nor do we intend to admit, or expect to receive any, which are not made subservient to some higher end than caricaturing human life and human nature under the everlasting mottoes of heroes and heroines, bright eyes and poison, love, murder and witchcraft. … We shall be glad to receive well-written Biographical notices, and shall make it a point to prepare or provide them frequently. … Occasional essays upon Composition, with an especial reference to the benefit of young writers; notices of all new works in which we believe that our readers are or should be interest; in a word, any matter which is brief, decorous, practical and spirited, will come within our professed plan.” [“The Contributions Wanted.” 1 (Jan 1847): 67-68]

• One editor hinted that the periodical could redefine masculinity: “We have long known friend Light as a zealous advocate for reforms in the various departments and fashions of mankind which tend to enfeeble and render effeminate the present and rising generation both in mind and body.” [Notice. Maine Farmer 15 (26 Aug 1847): 2]

• Light planned for another year: “Although the expenses of the work will be increased, we have concluded to reduce the price to One Dollar a volume, in the hope of a wide circulation; and we look to the friends of a sound popular literature for continued encouragement in the enterprize.” [advertisement in bound volume]

continues: The Essayist (14 Nov 1829-Sept 1833): “The work is little more than the resurrection … of another Periodical, of which we were the soul some thirteen years ago. We allude to “The Essayist,” a work of humble pretensions, … devoted to the moral and intellectual interests of Young Men, Associations for Mental Improvement, &c. We were not exactly killed off at that time.” [“Some Editorial Words.” 1 (Jan 1847): 65]

source of information: bound vol; AASHistPer, series 3; AAS catalog; OCLC; Lyon; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. New York Evangelist 18 (12 Aug 1845): 128.

• Notice. Maine Farmer 15 (26 Aug 1847): 2.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 140-141.

• Lorinda B. Cohoon. “Working-Class Boys and Self-Improved Citizenship: George Light’s Editorials in the Young American’s Magazine of Self-Improvement,” in Serialized Citizenships: Periodicals, Books, and American Boys, 1840-1911. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2006; pp. 31-55.

Der Jugend-Freund aller Christlichen Benennungen (Youth companion); 16 June 1847-Dec? 1851 • Christen-Bote und Jugend-Freund ; Jan 1-Dec 1852 • Jugend-Freund und Christen-Bote ; 8 Jan 1853-Nov 1857? • Der Jugend-Freund ; Dec 1857-1917? • Der Jugend-Freund und Illustrierte JugendBlätter ; 1917?-? • magazine ended May 1919

edited by: 16 June 1847-1872, S. K. Brobst • Arndt lists later editors

published: Allentown, PA; Philadelphia, PA. Published by S. K. Brobst, 16 June 1847-1872 • Arndt lists later publishers

frequency: 16 June 1847-?, biweekly; then, monthly

description: 1870-1872: 4 pp.; price, 30¢

• First German-language Sunday-school magazine

• Circulation: 1850, 4,800. 1870, 21,500

• Religious focus: Lutheran

absorbed: Illustrierte Jugendblätter ; 1885-1917?

source of information: Arndt; Fraser

bibliography:

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; p. 43. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 726. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 150. [archive.org]

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

The Playmate ; Sept 1847-May 1848

edited: 1847, Joseph Cundall

published: Boston, MA: William Crosby & Henry P. Nichols, 1847-1848; publisher at 111 Washington.

frequency: monthly

description: Price, 1848: $1/ year.

• Published simultaneously for a year with English magazine the Illustrated Juvenile Miscellany (also The Playmate)

relevant information: May be the source mentioned in a notice of Little Lizzie and the Fairies, “a youthful holiday publication, with good pictures, made up from Cundall’s attractive miscellany, the ‘Playmate.’ ” [“Books of the Week.” The Literary World 11 (20 Nov 1852): 329]

merged with: Robert Merry’s Museum ; Feb 1841-Nov 1872

relevant quotes: About the merger: “We … have formed a project for presenting to the public the most amusing, pleasing, pictorial, instructive magazine that was ever thought of! This number will serve as a specimen. … [W]e intend to keep up and preserve every thing that is good in the plan and spirit of Merry’s Museum; we intend to get all the good hints we can from the original design of Parley’s Magazine; and finally, we shall endeavor to combine in our work all the excellencies of the English periodical, entitled the Playmate. This latter has ceased, and the late publishers in Boston, Messrs. Crosby & Nichols, have engaged us to fulfill their promises to its numerous subscribers.” [“Merry’s Museum and Parley’s Playmate United!” Robert Merry’s Museum (July 1848): 3-4) From Crosby & Nichols: “We have published twelve numbers of a Child’s Periodical, entitled THE PLAYMATE: A PLEASANT COMPANION FOR SPARE HOURS. This has now ceased in London, but will be continued here under the following arrangement: The publisher of Merry’s Museum will add the title of Playmate to his magazine, and furnish this to the patrons of the Playmate. Accordingly, our subscribers will receive in future the numbers of MERRY’S MUSEUM AND PARLEY’S PLAYMATE; and as whatever was good in the English periodical was imitated from Parley, we cannot doubt that this arrangement will be gratifying to all concerned.” [Robert Merry’s Museum ; Oct 1848, inside front cover] Dechert quotes a version of this announcement printed in Sept 1848. “[W]hatever was good in the English periodical was imitated from Parley” is an odd statement, given that, as Dechert explains, the London Playmate was established as a reaction against Parley and didacticism. (See for example, comments on attacks on Parley.)

source of information: Robert Merry’s Museum, Oct 1848 & 1848 bound vol; Dechert; AAS catalog; OCLC; Adams

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Merry’s Museum and Parley’s Playmate United!” Robert Merry’s Museum. 16 (July 1848): 3-4.

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 36. [google books]

• “Books of the Week.” The Literary World 11 (20 Nov 1852): 329.

• Dorothy B. Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

The Child’s Gospel Guide ; 1847-1849

cover/masthead: 1849

edited by: John G. Adams

published: Boston, MA: J. M. Usher, for the Massachusetts Sabbath School Association; publisher at 41 Cornhill.

• Also published in New York

frequency: weekly: Saturday

description: 4 pp.; page size, 9.25″ h. Prices: 50¢/ year; 20 copies, each 25¢/ year

• Vol 2 #45 is 12 May 1849

• Religious focus

relevant quote: On the founding: “The ‘Gospel Teacher,’ it was thought by the friends of the Sabbath School cause, … was thought to be too old—too doctrinal. In view of this fact, the Sab. School Association voted, that it was desirable to have a more juvenile paper; and hence, the ‘Gospel Guide’ was started, and published three years, two of which the Association appointed Editors to conduct the paper. When three years had passed, it was thought desirable to have a change, and the Sabbath School Association requested that the ‘Youth’s Monthly Magazine’ be started, and this was done.” [Usher]

continues: The Gospel Teacher and Sabbath School Contributor (also, Gospel Teacher, and Universalist Miscellany); 6 July 1843-after March 1845 (for adults), which continues Sabbath School Contributor • Light of Zion, and Sabbath School Contributor (6 June 1839-22 June 1843)

continued by: Youth's Monthly Magazine (July 1850-June 1851?)

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; Ryder; Usher; Trumpet ; Boston Directory ; Eddy; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• W. H. Ryder. “Sabbath School Cause in New Hampshire.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 20 (11 Sept 1847): 51.

• Advertisement. Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 20 (8 Jan 1848): 119.

The Boston Directory. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 40.

• J. M. Usher. “Sabbath School Paper.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (24 Aug 1850): 43.

• Richard Eddy. Universalism in America. Boston: Universalist Publishing House, 1886; vol 2, p. 596; copy at google books.

Fithian’s Miniature Magazine: A Student Manual and Fireside Miscellany Devoted to the Useful and Beautiful ; 1848-at least 1854

published: Philadelphia, PA: Charles Fithian.

source of information: Lyon

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• Mabel F. Altstetter. “Early American Magazines for Children.” Peabody Journal of Education 19 (Nov 1941); p. 132.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 141-142.

The Boys’ and Girls’ Journal ; Jan 1848 • The Boys’ and Girls’ Weekly Penny Journal ; Feb-July 1848 • The Boys’ and Girls’ Penny Journal ; Aug 1848-1849 • Fithian’s Magazine for Girls and Boys ; 1850-1853

cover/masthead: 1849

edited by: Jan-Aug 1848, Aaron F. Cox

• Sept 1848-1853, Charles Fithian

• 1852-1853, Lydia Jane Pierson, assistant ed.

published: Philadelphia, PA: Aaron F. Cox, Jan-July 1848.

• Philadelphia, PA: Charles Fithian, Aug 1848-1853; publisher at 21 S. Third St. (3rd story), 1849; publisher at 1 Lodge St., 1850; publisher at 3 Ranstead Place, 1853.

frequency: 1848-1849: weekly (Saturday); 1 vol/ year. • 1850-1851: biweekly. • 1852-1853: monthly.

description: 1848-1849: 4 pp.; quarto. 1849: page size, 11″ h x 9″ w. Price, 1¢/ issue for those living in Philadelphia; 50¢/ year, paid in advance, for those whose issues needed to go by mail.

• 1850-1851: 16 pp.; large octavo; price, 50¢/ year; 3¢/ issue.

• 1852-1853: 32 pp.; price, 50¢/ year.

relevant quote: A notice in the Huntress gives the magazine a wide audience: “this is a valuable publication from which old and young may gain both amusement and instruction. It has been much improved of late, and contains twenty-six pages, with many beautiful illustrations. It is published in Philadelphia at Fifty Cents per year—Edited by Mrs. Lydia Jane Peirson and Charles Fithian.” [“Fithian’s Magazine for Girls and Boys”]

relevant information: Pieces were reprinted in other periodicals. The Huntress reprinted “A Night Scene in a Poor Man’s House” [12 (Oct 27 1849): 1] and “Benevolence & Gratitude” [15 (3 July 1852): 1].

source of information: 1849 issue; Lyon; Maxwell; NUC; “Fithian’s Magazine”

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

bibliography:

• “Fithian’s Magazine for Girls and Boys.” The Huntress 15 (8 May 1852): 2.

• Eleanor Weakley Nolen. “Nineteenth Century Children’s Magazines.” The Horn Book Magazine. 15 (January/February 1939): 55-60.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 193-199.

Checklist of Children’s Books, 1837-1876, comp. Barbara Maxwell. Philadelphia, PA: Special Collections, Central Children’s Department, Free Library of Philadelphia, 1975.

The Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine, and Fireside Companion ; Jan 1848-Dec 1850 • Forrester’s Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine, and Fireside Companion ; Jan 1851-Dec 1857

cover/masthead: 1848-1850 | 1851-1855 | 1852 | 1856-1857

edited by: Jan 1848-Dec 1852, Dexter S. King (“Mark Forrester”) • Jan 1853-Dec 1856, “Francis Forrester”; “Francis Forrester, Jr.” • Jan-Dec 1857, “Father Forrester”

published: Boston, MA: Bradbury and Guild, Jan 1848-Dec 1849; publisher at 12 School St., Jan 1848-Dec? 1850. Boston, MA: Degen, 1852. Boston, MA: William Guild, Jan 1851-Dec 1852; publisher at 120 Washington St., 1851.

• New York, NY: W. C. Locke & Co., Jan 1851-1852; publisher at 24 Beekman St., Jan 1852.

• Boston, MA: F. & G. C. Rand, Jan 1853-Dec 1856; publisher at 7 Cornhill. Boston, MA: Binney & Rand, Jan-Dec 1857; publisher at 36 Washington St.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 32 pp.

• 1848, page size untrimmed, 8″ h x 5.5″ w; price: 1 copy, $1/ year in advance; 4 copies, $3/ year (75¢/ issue); 7 copies, $5/ year (71¢/ issue); 15 copies, $10/ year (67¢/ issue); 24 copies, $15/ year (62.5¢/ issue); 40 copies, $24/ year (60¢/ issue)

• July 1850-1857, page size untrimmed, 9″ h x 6″ w; price: 1 copy, $1.25/ year, $1/ year in advance; 4 copies, $3/ year; 7 copies, $5/ year; 10 copies, $7/ year; 15 copies, $10/ year

• Circulation: 1850, 5,000; (from magazine): Jan 1851, 10,000

relevant quotes:

• Introduction: “I am about issuing a new Monthly Magazine, intended expressly for boys and girls …. I am aware that this field of literature is already occupied by those who can, perhaps, write you more interesting stories than I can, with my plain ways and trembling hands. In fact, I feel that I can realize all the difficulties and perplexities of an editor’s life; and yet I cannot but believe that the relation of some incidents of my life, chequered as it has been with sunshine and storms, will serve to cheer me in my old age, and teach you to shun the dangers that will beset you on every side, as long as you live.” [“Introduction.” 1 (Jan 1848): 1-2]

• Degen as publisher: “ … I want you to help Mr. Degen. He paid Messrs. Bradbury & Guild a large sum of money for the subscription list of this magazine. You see how he has improved it. … So just take it to school, and get your schoolmates to take it. Come now, right off, and let me know how you succeed.” [11 (Feb 1852): 64]

• The February 1852 issue was late and the March 1852 issue was early: “I am sorry this number is published so late in the month. But it could not be helped. Mr. Degen is not to be blamed. The shaft of the paper-mill broke, and the paper-maker had to keep us waiting for paper. The March number will be out early.” [11 (Feb 1852): 64]

• About the change in editors, 1853: “Your old friend, and my much esteemed acquaintance, Mark Forrester, has seen fit to leave his editorial chair, and to bequeath me his old pens, his curious stories, and the care of your favorite magazine. So I, Francis Forrester, Esquire, editor, author, &c., &c., beg leave to make you a bow as graceful as that of a Frenchman, and to greet you with a heart as sincere as the love of a father.” [11 (Jan 1853): 1]

• “Francis Forrester, jr” becomes assistant editor: “Francis Forrester, Esq. is not in a writing mood this month. The old gentleman has been sick. [So, when his young friend offers his services as an editor, “the old gentleman” accepts and christens him.] ‘If you will help me edit my magazine, I will adopt you as my literary child, and allow you to call yourself Francis Forrester, Jr.[’]” [“Francis Forrester Jr.’s Chit-chat with His Readers.” 8 (July 1856): 31-2]

absorbed by: The Student and Schoolmate ; Nov 1855-1872

source of information: 1848-1857 scattered issues & bound volumes; APS II reels 606-607; Livingston; Lyon; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

• APS II (1800-1850), reels 606-607

bibliography:

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 35. [google books]

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 40. [archive.org]

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 31. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 19. [archive.org]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 35. [google books]

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899): 133-6.

• Dorothy Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 173-174, 200-202.

• John B. Crume. “Children’s Magazines, 1826-1857.” Journal of Popular Culture 7 (1973): 698-706.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

The Young People’s Mirror and American Family Visitor (also Young People’s Mirror ; also Mirror); 1 Jan 1848-1 Dec 1849

edited by: Benson John Lossing

published: New York, NY: Edward Walker. • Boston, MA: H. W. Swett.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 12 pp.; page size, 11.5″ h x 8.25″ w; prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 5 copies, $2/ year

• Erroneously referred to as The Youth’s Mirror by at least one contemporary reviewer

relevant quotes:

• Introduction: “In consenting to employ some leisure hours in the Editorial management of the Young People’s Mirror, we obey the pleasing impulse of a desire to become thus personally linked with the younger branches of our Republican family …. Parent, son, and daughter, for you the Mirror will give its reflections from the luminaries of nature, art, and mind—for you the Visitor will make its monthly calls, and dispense its treasures of advice and knowledge.” [“Salutatory.” 1 (Jan 1848): 10]

• Difficulties in publishing, & a new prospectus: “We are at the close of our first volume, several hundred dollars the loser, upon our circulation, but the hope of having the Mirror yet placed upon a remunerating basis, induces us to publish another volume. All must be aware upon a little reflection, that so low a price as fifty cents per annum for an illustrated paper of the size and quality of our sheet, requires a subscription list of several thousand paying subscribers, to meet the current expenses of publication. If it shall reach that mark—if its income shall equal its disbursements—we shall be satisfied. Double our list of paying subscribers, and the Mirror will be placed upon a permanent basis. We shall give it a fair trial, … and then, if it shall not be considered worth fifty cents a year to a sufficient number of persons to pay the expense of publication, we shall, in common fairness to ourselves, abandon the enterprise, and conclude that our judgment was at fault.” [“Volume II.—Prospectus.” 2 (1 Jan 1849): 1]

• The editor of the Maine Farmer was sympathetic: “We are sorry to learn that the pubolisher has sustained a loss as yet by the enterprise. But he has the courage to go on, strong in the hope that he will yet be remunerated. If any parent has fifty cents to bestow on his child, or to invest for his good, let him subscribe for the Young People’s Mirror.” [“Young People’s Mirror.” Maine Farmer 17 (25 jan 1849): 2]

• The last issue: “This is the closing number of the second Volume of the Mirror. Like the first, its publication has been a loss to the publisher. He had hoped for a different result, and has delayed the determination to suspend the publication of the work, until the last moment, hoping there might be better indications for the next volume. Profit was not expected, and the publisher would cheerfully give his time, if his money outlay could be reimbursed. But he does not feel warranted in working for nothing and paying the expense. There are many who are desirous of having the publication of the Mirror continued, and have substantially aided in making the publisher’s loss less than it might have been. … And we now make a pledge …, if between this and the 1st of January, a sufficient number of subscribers shall be received to insure the publisher against loss, the first number of the third volume will appear on the first of February. If not, then our young readers, with whom we have journied so pleasantly, and ourselves, must part company.” [“The Closing Number.” 2 (Dec 1849): 141]

available: AASHistPer, series 3

excerpts online

source of information: 1848-1849 bound volume; Lyon; AAS catalog

bibliography:

• “Young People’s Mirror.” Maine Farmer 17 (25 Jan 1849): 2.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 141.

Juvenile Gazette ; 18 March 1848-?

edited by: W. Roscoe Deane, G. W. Chapman, & G. G. Crocker

published: Boston, MA; Deane, Chapman & Crocker; publisher at 32 Congress

frequency: weekly

description: Page size, 8″ h; price, $1

source of information: AAS catalog; NUC; Adams

bibliography:

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 36. [google books]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 142.

The Scholar’s Penny Gazette ; 29 April 1848-17 Aug 1850

edited by: April 1848-March 1849, Asa Fitz, with La Fayette Forrest

• March-May 1849, Asa Fitz, with S. L. Hobbs

published: Boston, MA: Asa Fitz & L. F. Forrest, 1848; publisher at 138 1-2 Washington.

frequency: weekly

description: Page size, 13.25″ h; price, 50¢/ year • Newspaper format

source of information: Lyon; AAS catalog; OCLC; NUC; Adams

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 36. [google books]

• “Literary Notices.” The Common School Journal 11 (15 Jan 1849); 31.

• Notice. The Common School Journal 11 (15 April 1849): 128.

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 41. [archive.org]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 142.

The Youth’s Pictorial Magazine ; May 1848

cover/masthead: cover

published: Papermill Village, NH: A. K. Severance

frequency: monthly (only 1 issue)

description: 24 pp.; page size, 9.25″ h x 6.25″ w

• “Each volume will contain upwards of three hundred pages, and more than a hundred Engravings. Every fourth number, at least, will be embellished with a beautiful steel or copper plate engraving.” [p. 1]

• Price: $1/year, “invariably in advance, or on the receipt of the first number.” [p. 1]

• Apparently never published

source of information: May 1848 issue

The Asteroid ; 1 Aug 1848-July 1849?

cover/masthead: Aug 1848 | Sept 1848-Jan 1849 | Feb-July 1849

edited by: Aug-Oct 1848, Harry Lake; Frank Lawe

• Feb-July 1849, William H. Hutchinson

published: Salem, MA: William H. Hutchinson, 1848-1849.

frequency: monthly

description: 4 pp.; page size, 13″ h; price, 25¢/ year

relevant information: The first issue began with page 3 and thus includes pages 3-6.

relevant quotes: The editors expressed more than a little local pride: “Why should the Salem boys and girls not have a paper of their own? They are as good children as you will find any where; they like to read as well and have as good a literary taste as their neighbors of Boston, and there you will find eight or a dozen papers similar to this which we propose to publish; but here there is not one. And why is this? Boston is not eight or twelve times larger than Salem, nor are the means of education there better than those found in our own city. Our boys have as good talents, and our girls can write as fine a composition, as those of any place. There is no reason why there should not be such a publication here; there is not, simply because try has been misplaced by can’t. Salem can support us, it must, it will. Such were our thoughts as we contemplated our present undertaking, and echo answered WILL!! It is our intention to furnish the youth of Salem with a paper that shall be emphatically their own, which shall be devoted to their interests, and to the columns of which they shall contribute. Its office of publication is in their midst, its agents will be taken from their own ranks, and the management, direction and execution of it, shall be purely a Salem affair.” [editorial. 1 (1 Aug 1848): 4]

• Just naming the paper was a feat: “What is in a name? Every thing. If you doubt it, sit down some hot afternoon in the middle of July to rake up one for a new paper. We, at least, found labor and perplexity in it. Sunbeams and Magnolias, Miniatures and Coronals, Argonauts and Hyacinths, [p. 5] Mirros and Mermaids, Rovers and Roarers, without end or satisfaction, danced to and fro in our mind. This was too short, that was too long, this too comic, that too common; senseless this, pedantic that; presumptuous one, insipid the other. Then why our present selection? THE ASTEROID! It sounds well, it looks well, it means well. Originality it wants not, neither can presumption be laid at its door. We claim to be neither sun nor moon, nor planet, not even a twinkling star. … We have made selection of this name because we have never heard of its being applied to any other publication; nor do we presume that our little sheet, in point of size, (say nothing of its quality) will rank higher in the newspaper system, than the Asteroid in the planetary. But, perhaps, some of the knowing ones may suggest that we might have contented ourselves as a secondary planet, but we would just remind them that we intend to play satellite to none.” [“Our Paper.” 1 (1 Aug 1848): 4-5]

• With the last issue, readers were left in suspense, as Hutchinson announced that—ironically, given the earlier vague disparagement of Boston—the paper’s fate would depend on Boston publishers: “The twelvth [sic] number of The Asteroid is in your possession. Examine it for yourself, and if you like the paper, remember us with kindness; our faults have been many, and our endeavors to please have been great. If we have amused or caused time to pass pleasantly with our readers, or in any way benefited them, we are repaid for the efforts we have put forth. It will not be improper to state that we have edited the paper, set up the types, got it ready for press, and printed it ourself. The pro[b]able expense of printing our paper, if we paid a living price, and hired it done, would be near $16 a month, but by being qualified ourself, we have not been obliged to pay out money except for paper; we can go on another volume the same as last year, if we wish, and if we do not, it will be from the consideration, that ‘Time is money,’ and that we must not give too much of it to the paper unless we have more ‘tin,’ alias ‘filthy lucre.’ There is ten chances to half that number whether we continue our paper another year; it depends much on the decision of two gentlemen of Boston. If we do not appear promptly by the first of August, it may be concluded that we have ‘kicked the bucket,’ should it be thus, those who have lately subscribed, may have this volume perfect, or the money refunded. We may continue and we may not.” [“The Close of the Volume.” 1 (July 1849): 49.] Streeter says that after being published in Salem, MA, the paper was “removed to Boston.” However, no Boston issues appear to have been located.

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; AAS catalog; Streeter

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Gilbert Streeter. An Account of the Newspapers and Other Periodicals Published in Salem, from 1768 to 1856. Salem, MA: Wm. Ives and Geo. W. Pease, 1856; p. 30. [archive.org]

Young People’s Journal of Science, Literature, & Art ; Nov 1848-?

cover/masthead: 1848

edited by: Nathan Brittan; Frances H. Greene

published: New York, NY: S. B. Brittan; publisher at 235 Broadway. Boston, MA: Bela Marsh.

frequency: monthly

description: 32 pp.; page size, 9.75″ h; price, $1/ year

relevant quotes:

• The publisher intended the magazine for schools: “Teachers are aware that the same old book, read from day to day, from year to year, and from one generation to another, will weary and at length disgust the most zealous scholar. But a monthly periodical such as we propose to make the YOUNG PPEOPLE’S JOURNAL, would furnish to the student at school and to families a continued succession of interest and delight. Thus presented, Truth would never lose its power to captivate and govern the mind, nor would Beauty and Sublimity pall upon the mental taste; but the mind and heart would be constantly open and interested in the continually changing series of readings. Much of the indifference to Literature and mental cultivation may be imputed to the distaste acquired at school, through the injudicious mode of drilling the pupil perpetually in the same reading exercises. But here is a remedy for the evil. One Number of our Magazine may be mastered in the couse of the month. With each succeeding number the student will be furnished with new lessons of increasing interest. And besides the mere practice in Elocution, much scientific and other valuable information will have been acquired. Indeed, while the scholar is learning to read, he will cultivate a taste for what is refined and elegant in Literature, and acquire a comprehensive knowledge of the Arts and Sciences.” [1 (Nov 1848): inside front cover; cover page 2] Advertising later in the issue suggests that the Journal also may be “invaluable” to “Farmers, Mechanics, and Operatives in our manufactories, male and female”, “[t]hose who have not the means to obtain a large number of expensive books, nor the time to peruse the more elaborate treatises on the Arts and Sciences”. [1 (Nov 1848): inside back cover; cover page 3]

• At least one editor noticing the periodical had trouble with the editor’s name, stating that the Journal was edited by “Prof. Nathan Burton.” From the description of the first issue: “There will be three departments. The work will not be confined to sect or party. The present number is embellished with a fine engraving, and we heartily commend the work to our readers. The present number contains some excellent articles, and the patrons of the work may expect a rich treat.” [Notice. Prisoner’s Friend 1 (1 Nov 1848): 134]

• Another editor—listing the editor as “Nathan Britain”—included the contents of the November 1848 issue: “The first No., comes to us with papers on Physiology, Physiognomy, Botany, Astronomy, Mythology; a biography of Banvard; a Dramatic sketch, &c.” [Notice. Christian Register 27 (4 Nov 1848): 178-179]

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; AAS catalog; OCLC; Prisoner’s Friend ; Christian Register

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. Prisoner’s Friend 1 (1 Nov 1848): 134.

• Notice. Christian Register 27 (4 Nov 1848): 178-179.

The Bubble ; 1849?

published: New York, NY

source of information: Kelly

bibliography: Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

The Sunday-Scholar’s Mirror ; 1849-1850

cover/masthead: Vol 1

edited by: Daniel P. Kidder

published: New York, NY: Lane & Tippett, 1850?; printed by Joseph Longking

• New York, NY: Lane & Scott, for the Sunday-School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1852.

• Carlton & Phillips.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Vol 1: 24 pp.; page size untrimmed, 6″ h x 4″ w; issue 7 is undated

• Vol 2 is 1851

• Religious focus: Methodist Episcopal

relevant information: Dates are … approximate. A “book” with this title was published in 1848. Was it a specimen issue? The Mirror appears to have begun in 1849: what appears to be a bound volume of the first 12 issues was available in July 1850. While the AAS catalog lists issues in 1854, no library appears to have issues after volume 2. (In fact, my bound volume of The Youth’s Monitor for 1851 has 11 issues.) The Mirror appears to have ended in Dec 1850.

• A “book” with this title was published in 1848.

• The first volume was available as a bound volume in July 1850.

continued by: Youth’s Monitor (Jan 1851-after 1854): “This Magazine [The Youth’s Monitor] takes the place of the Sunday-Scholar’s Mirror. In our serial literature for children, it is found by experience to be well to change the titles occasionally, for the sake of variety and good effect. Thus the Encourager followed the Children’s Magazine, the Mirror the Encourager, and now the Monitor succeeds the Mirror.” [Youth’s Monitor ; p. 5]

source of information: vol 1 #7 issue; Monitor ; Methodist Quarterly Review ; AAS catalog; OCLC

bibliography:

• Notice. Ladies Repository, and Gathering of the West 8 (1 Feb 1848): 63.

• “Sunday-School Literature.” The Methodist Quarterly Review 2 (April 1850): 281-292; mention on p. 290

• Notice. The Methodist Quarterly Review 2 (July 1850): 490.

• Notice of The Youth’s Monitor. Christian Advocate and Journal 26 (23 Jan 1851): 14.

• “Introduction.” The Youth’s Monitor 1 (Jan 1851): p. 5-6.

The Scholars’ Leaf of the Tree of Knowledge ; 6 Jan 1849-16 Dec 1850

edited by: M. B. Walker; Joseph Osgood Barrett

published: Portland, ME: Walker & Barrett

frequency: Jan 1849: weekly • Feb 1849-16 Dec 1850: semimonthly

description: Page size, 10″ h

• circulation: 1850, 2,500

source of information: NUC; Harvard University, Widener Library catalog; Yale University Library catalog; Livingston

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 15. [archive.org]

The Schoolfellow ; Jan 1849-Dec 1852, Feb 1853-Sept 1857

cover/masthead: 1856

edited by: Jan 1849-1852, William C. Richards

• 1853-1855, William C. Richards and Alice B. Haven

• Daniel Jacques.

published: Athens, GA & Charleston, SC: William C. Richards, 1849.

• Charleston, SC: Richards and Walker, 1850-1852. 1852, publishers also listed as “Walker and Richards” and “Walker, Richards &. Co.”; publisher at 101 East-Bay, Oct 1852

• New York, NY: C. M. Saxton, Feb-April 1853. Charleston, SC: B. F. De Bow, 1853. Chillicothe, OH: Whittemore & Saxton, Feb-April 1853.

• New York, NY: Evans & Brittain, May 1853-1854?. Cincinnati, OH: Ward & Taylor, May 1853-1854?

• New York, NY: Evans & Dickerson, 1854.

• New York, NY: James S. Dickerson, 1855.

• New York, NY: Dix & Edwards, Jan-May 1856; publisher at 10 Park Place, Jan 1856; at 321 Broadway, Feb-May 1856.

• New York, NY: Dix, Edwards & Co., June 1856-Jan 1857; publisher at 321 Broadway.

• New York, NY: Miller & Curtis, Aug 1857.

• London, England: Sampson, Low, Son & Co., Jan 1856-Jan 1857.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1854, 36 pp.; Jan 1856, 42 pp.; Feb 1856-Aug 1857, 36 pp.

• Prices: 1856-1857, 10¢/ each; $1/ year

• Page sizes: 1854, 7.25″ h x 5″ w; 1856-1857, 7.75″ h x 5″ w

• Circulation: 1850, 2000 (from Livingston); 1852, 2000 (from Kennedy); Nov 1853, 4000 (from magazine)

• No issue for Jan 1853

• Dechert notes that, after the Schoolfellow merged with Robert Merry’s Museum in Oct 1857, “the numbers of Merry’s Museum from October to December 1857 were enclosed in a Schoolfellow cover as well as in the Museum cover, to enable the volume for that year to be bound uniformly.” [p. 133] My copy of the Nov 1857 issue has the front cover of Schoolfellow glued over the cover of the Museum at the spine; readers opening their “Schoolfellow ” were presented with the cover of Merry’s Museum, reinforcing the merger. The Schoolfellow cover for that issue also features its new publisher’s address. Oct-Dec 1857 issues of the Museum often are found bound with the Jan-Sept 1857 issues of the Schoolfellow ; the Sept 1857 issue of the Schoolfellow ends with page 324; the Oct 1857 issue of the Museum begins with page 97.

relevant quotes:

• Introductory: “As the kind schoolfellow is not less ready to help his associates to learn a hard lesson than he is to join them in any proper amusement, so he will be, at once, your teacher and your playmate—not less ready to inform you of curious facts in History, Philosophy, and other Sciences, than to share with you in those innocent pastimes which constitute the charm of boyhood and of girlhood.” [1 (Jan 1849); in Flanders, p. 106]

• About the move to New York, 1853: “So far as the character of the magazine is concerned, the removal will make no change in it. … It will never so long as we control it, be a whit less Southern than it has always been. Necessity, not inclination, has induced us to change the scene of our labours; the spirit of them will remain the same.” [(Dec 1852): 380; in Lyon, p. 205]

• About the merger with the Museum: “With this number of the Schoolfellow, children and friends, with whom we have so long been pleasantly talking, the Magazine passes into other hands. … As the little schoolfellow grows older, and becomes large enough to look with delight at all the wonders in Merry’s Museum, and study with interest the gems of Woodworth’s Cabinet, you will find that he grows also more entertaining. … He is still your old friend in a new dress: and with his face more smiling than ever. You must not cease to smile back again, and take him always kindly by the hand, you will cheer him, and he you: and as long as there are children and Schoolfellows, and Museums, and Cabinets, so long we shall think of you together, telling stories, looking at pictures, and good lessons, and all growing wiser and better as all grow older—And so good bye.” [“Union of the Schoolfellow with the Museum and Cabinet.” Robert Merry’s Museum 34 (Nov 1857): inside Schoolfellow cover]

• John N. Stearns welcomed readers of the Schoolfellow to their new magazine: “To the Schoolfellows, thus kindly commended to our regards, we give a most cordial welcome. We hope the arrangement—the very best that could be made under the circumstances—will be satisfactory to all, and that the Schoolfellows will find themselves perfectly at home and happy with their cousins of the Museum and Cabinet. … We trust that this addition to it will be another confirmation of the adage, so often proved in our past experience,—‘the more the merrier.’ ” [“Union of the Schoolfellow with the Museum and Cabinet.” Robert Merry’s Museum 34 (Nov 1857): inside Schoolfellow cover]

absorbed by: Robert Merry’s Museum ; Feb 1841-Nov 1872

source of information: 1856-1857, scattered issues; 1854, 1856, 1857 bound volumes; Nov 1857 Museum ; Dechert; Lyon; Flanders; Livingston

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

bibliography:

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 47. [archive.org]

• J. C. G. Kennedy. Catalogue of the Newspapers and Periodicals Published in the United States. New York, NY: John Livingston, 1852.

• Notice of the move to New York. The Southern Literary Messenger 19 (Jan 1853): 59.

• “New Books.” The Plough, the Loom and the Anvil 6 (Feb 1853): 114.

• Advertisement. The Cultivator 1 (March 1853): 98.

• “Messrs. Evans and Brittans Publications.” The Literary World 13 (8 Oct 1853): 169.

• Notice. Maine Farmer 25 (27 Aug 1857): 2.

• Dorothy B. Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 203-208.

• Bertram Holland Flanders. Early Georgia Magazines: Literary Periodicals to 1865. N.p.: The University of Georgia Press, 1944.

Sunday School Gazette ; 4 Aug 1849-15 Dec 1871 • The Dayspring ; Jan 1872-after Dec 1879

cover/masthead: 1858-1860

edited by: 1846-1861, W. H. Cudworth

• 1861-1866, Joseph H. Allen 1866-1867, T. J. Mumford

• 1867-1868, James P. Walker

• 1872, John Kneeland

• 1878-1879, George F. Piper

published: Worcester, MA: A. Hutchinson & Co., 1849-1855.

• Boston, MA: A. Hutchinson & Co., 1856-

• Boston, MA: Sunday-School Society, 1858-1863; publisher at 21 Bromfield St. Worcester, MA: Sunday-School Society, 1858-1860; printed by Henry J. Howland, 245 Main St.

• Boston, MA: Joseph H. Allen, 1864-1866.

• Boston, MA: William V. Spencer, 1866.

• Boston, MA: Sunday School Society, 1867-1870.

• Boston, MA: Unitarian Sunday School Society, 1870-1879. Publisher at 42 Chauncy St., 1872; at 7 Tremont St., 1875-1879. Printer, 1872-1879, John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, MA

frequency: biweekly, 4 Aug 1849-1 Jan 1862; 1 vol/ year

• semimonthly, 15 Jan 1862-15 Dec 1863, 15 Feb 1866-15 Dec 1871; 1 vol/ year

• monthly, Jan 1864-Feb 1866, 1872-1879; 1 vol/ year

description: • 1858-1860: 4 pp.; page size, 15″ h x 10″ w; price, 25¢/ copy

• 1872-1879, 16 pp.; page size untrimmed, 8″ h x 6″ w. Prices: 1 copy, 30¢/ year; 4 copies, $1/ year

• Vol 1-vol 22 (4 Aug 1849-15 Dec 1871); new series, vol 1-8 (Jan 1872-Dec 1879)

• Religious focus

relevant information: Readable by seven-year-olds: “Judging by the interest it excited in a little boy of seven years old, under our own eye, who has re-read it several times, we are inclined to think it will obtain the suffrages of children.” [Review. Christian Inquirer 3 (25 Aug 1849): 2]

source of information: 1858-1860, 1872-1879, scattered issues; AAS catalog; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Christian Register 28 (21 July 1849): 115.

• “Sunday School Gazette.” Christian Register 28 (11 Aug 1849): 127.

• Review. Christian Inquirer 3 (25 Aug 1849): 2.

• M. “The Sunday-School Gazette.” Christian Inquirer 9 (17 Feb 1855): 2.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 33. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 74. [archive.org]

The Friend of Youth ; Nov 1849-Oct 1852

cover/masthead: 1850

edited by: Margaret L. Bailey

published: Washington, DC: printed by Buell & Blanchard

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1850: 8 pp.; page size untrimmed, 13.5″ h x 9.25″ w. Prices, 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 5 copies, $2/ year

relevant information:

• In 1846, Margaret Bailey edited Youth’s Monthly Visitor in Cincinnati, OH.

• The Friend was essentially an anti-slavery paper, containing a handful of articles about the slave trade. The Friend was mentioned often in issues of The National Era, an abolitionist paper also published in Washington, D. C., by G. Bailey, Margaret’s husband. Both papers published works by E. D. E. N. Southworth and Mary Irving, among other writers.

• The editor planned to make the Friend a source of news for its young readers: “In addition to agreeable Stories, Lessons on Natural History, Descriptions of Natural Scenery, Sketches of Travel, and Notices of New Books for children, we shall converse with them, in language adapted to their comprehension, about the important events of the present era. We know this is not usually done in such publications, but we think we do not mistake the taste or capacity of young people, when we suppose them to feel some interest in the world they live in, beyond the nursery, the schoolroom, and the play-ground. It shall also be our care to interest them on all great subjects connected with the well-being of mankind. Freedom, Peace, and Temperance, shall receive our earnest advocacy. Teaching our readers to sympathize with the oppressed, and weep with the suffering, we hope to awaken in them a generous abhorrence of all wrong, and an earnest love and reverence for all that is just and pure ….” [“Prospectus of The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 4 Oct 1849: 158, col 1]

• The first issue was intended to be published Nov 1, but “[o]wing to the failure of the paper ordered for the Friend of Youth, and to other causes which it is needless to mention,” it was instead published Nov 6, on paper of a different grade. [“The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 1 Nov 1849: 174, col 1. “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 8 Nov 1849: 178, col 1.]

• The first issue of the Friend was reprinted: “We have exhausted one edition of our first number, and shall print a second as soon as possible. Meantime, the subscribers now coming in will receive the second and third numbers, and as soon as the new edition of the first number is ready, they shall have that also. We are anxious as far as possible to have all our subscribers date from the commencement of the paper.” [“Our Paper.” 1 (Jan 1850): 20]

The National Era sent specimen copies of the first issue of the Friend to its subscribers: “Those who do not wish to subscribe will please return the number sent them, as it will be needed to supply subscribers.” [“ ‘The Friend of Youth.’ ” The National Era. 15 Nov 1849: 182, col 2] They got 50 back. [“The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 22 Nov 1849: 190, col 1.]

• The second issue of the Friend had difficulty reaching some subscribers: “From Cincinnati and Philadelphia we have had letters stating that few, if any, copies of the second number of the Friend of Youth had been received at those places. Now, we know that that number was regularly forwarded to the subscribers in those cities. We shall believe, until better advised, that the failure to receive them is chargeable upon something wrong in those offices. We are out of patience with these miserable annoyances. We hope the subscribers will call again and again at the offices, and insist that their papers be looked for. Other publishers, we notice, are suffering similar annoyances.” [“Mails.” National Era 4 (3 Jan 1850): 2]

• Circulation, Dec 1849, “nearly 2,000”; Feb 1850, “about four thousand”; May 1850, 4,000-5,000

merged with: The Little Pilgrim ; Oct 1853-April 1869: “The editor of the Friend of Youth, pressed by domestic cares, finds it necessary to transfer her paper to other hands. With the third volume, which closed on the first of this month [October 1852], her connection with it terminated, and she transferred it to Grace Greenwood. As Miss Clarke is absent, however, the further publication of the paper will be deferred till her return, next spring.” Sarah J. Clarke (later, Sarah J. Lippincott) used “Grace Greenwood” as her pseudonym; she wrote exclusively for The National Era from around 1850 to 1851. [“The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 14 Oct 1852: 166, col 1]

• However, subscribers apparently had to wait several months more to receive their magazine, as the Friend wasn’t continued. Instead, the Pilgrim was founded, and subscribers to the Friend were sent the Pilgrim: “We have received from Dr. Bailey a list of the names of those subscribers to whom The Friend of Youth was indebted when its publication was discontinued, with pay for the same; and we shall furnish The Little Pilgrim to all of them to the full extent of their respective payments. To some only a part of a volume was due; the names of such will be stricken off our list as soon as they shall have received the number of copies due them from Mrs. Bailey, unless their subscriptions are renewed.” [“The Friend of Youth.” The Little Pilgrim. 1 (March 1854): 21]

• One editor was disingenuously confused: “[The Little Pilgrim] is said to be a continuation of the Friend of Youth, lately published in Washington by Mrs. Bailey; but we can’t quite see how that is, when it has another name, another place of publication, and another editor.” [“ ‘The Little Pilgrim.’ ” National Era 7 (3 Nov 1853): 174]

source of information: 1850 scattered issues; National Era ; Pilgrim ; Lyon; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: Extracts were published in The National Era: 23 Jan 1851: 16, col 3-5. • 20 March 1851: 48, col 5-6. • 15 May 1851: 80, col 4-5. • 19 June 1851: 100, col 4-6. • 3 July 1851: 108, col 4-5. • 17 July 1851: 116, col 4-5. • 4 Sept 1851: 144, col 4-6.

• AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Prospectus of The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 3 (20 Sept 1849): 150.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 25 Oct 1849: 170, col 1.

• Notice. Water-Cure Journal 8 (Nov 1849): 160.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 1 Nov 1849: 174, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 8 Nov 1849: 178, col 1.

• “ ‘The Friend of Youth’.” The National Era. 15 Nov 1849: 182, col 2.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 22 Nov 1849: 190, col 1.

• Notice. The Literary Union 2 (24 Nov 1849): 122.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 13 Dec 1849: 198, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 27 Dec 1849: 206, col 1.

• “Mails.” National Era 4 (3 Jan 1850): 2.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 14 Feb 1850: 26, col 3.

• “The Friend of Youth.—No. 7.” The National Era. 2 May 1850: 70, col 2.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 3 Oct 1850: 158, col 6.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 17 Oct 1850: 166, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 7 Nov 1850: 178, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 14 Nov 1850: 182, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 28 Nov 1850: 190, col 2.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 5 Dec 1850: 194, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth”—Vol. II. The National Era. 12 Dec 1850: 198, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 9 Jan 1851: 6, col 2.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 23 Jan 1851.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 20 March 1851: 46, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 17 April 1851: 62, col 6.

• notice of August issue. The National Era. 14 Aug 1851: 130, col 2.

• “Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 18 Sept 1851: 150, col 4.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 23 Oct 1851: 171, col 6.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 20 Nov 1851: 186, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 18 Dec 1851: 203, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 15 Jan 1852: 10, col 1.

• “The Friend of Youth.” The National Era. 14 Oct 1852: 166, col 1.

• “ ‘The Little Pilgrim.’ ” National Era 7 (3 Nov 1853): 174.

• “L.” [Leander Lippincott] “The Friend of Youth.” The Little Pilgrim, 1 (March 1854): 21.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 220.

Youth’s Casket ; early 1850-1852?

edited by: Ross Alley

published: Middlefork, Ripley County, IN: Ross Alley. “Middlefork” here used was not a town, but an area near the middle fork of the Indian Kentuck Creek

frequency: weekly

description: 4 pp.; page size, 8″ h x 6″ w

relevant information: The first issue was published when Alley was about 16.

• The Casket’s press was built from a cider press, by Alley and the man he was working for: “Brother Ross, and John B. Carrington metamorphosed an old cider-press, into a Printing Machine. I was working between corn rows, on the old grandfather Jolly farm, when Ross published his first paper.” [James Alley (Ross’s brother); in King-Benham; p. 26]

continued by: The Genius of Youth (1 June 1852-mid/late 1852)

• Alley pointed out that this was a bargain: “All who subscribed to the Casket, will receive the ‘Genius’ until their subscriptions would have expired. Thus they will get the ‘Genius’ for 10 cts. per annum.” [“To Subscribers of the Casket.” The Genius of Youth 1 (1 June 1852): 7]

source of information: King-Benham

bibliography:

• Emma King-Benham. Memorial Volume to the Boy, Pioneer-Poet-Printer Ross Alley. Terre Haute, IN: np, 1929. Printed by the Viquesney Company; pp. 26-27, 35, 46.

The Youth’s Friend ; 8 Feb 1850-?

edited by: Miss W. C. Tyson

published: Augusta, GA: Miss W. C. Tyson.

frequency: monthly

description: 8 pp.; quarto; page size, 12″ h

source of information: Flanders; NUC; OCLC

bibliography:

• Notice. Augusta Chronicle (9 Feb 1850)

• Bertram Holland Flanders. Early Georgia Magazines. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1944; p. 92.

The Juvenile Weekly Gazette ; 9 Feb 1850-13 Dec 1851

published: New York, NY: Coddington.

frequency: weekly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 11.75″ h

source of information: Lyon; NUC

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 143.

The Mentor ; May 1850-Dec 1851?

edited by: Horatio Hastings Weld

published: Philadelphia, PA: Staveley & McCalla, 1850; publisher at 12 Pear St.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 32 pp.; octavo. Price: 10¢/ issue; $1/ year.

• 1850: agents in Baltimore, MD; Charleston, SC; Pittsburgh, PA; Wilmington, DE; Frederick, MD. Later, agents in New York, NY; Brooklyn, NY.

• Circulation: 1850, 1,500

relevant information: A list of contents of the first issue was printed in the Episcopal Recorder [28 (25 May 1850): 36] Contents for the second issue also appeared in the Recorder [28 (3 Aug 1850): 75]

absorbed by: Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet ; 28 April 1837-March 1857

source of information: Episcopal Reccorder ; Livingston; Dechert; OCLC

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (27 April 1850): 19.

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (25 May 1850): 35, 36.

• Notice. The Church Review 3 (July 1850): 320.

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (25 May 1850): 35.

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (13 July 1850): 64.

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (3 Aug 1850): 75.

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (31 Aug 1850): 91.

• Advertisement. Episcopal Recorder 28 (5 Oct 1850): 112.

• Notice. The Independent 2 (12 Dec 1850): 203.

• Notice. Sartain’s Union Magazine of Literature and Art 8 (Feb 1851): 142.

• Notice of June issue. Sartain’s Union Magazine of Literature and Art 9 (Aug 1851): 7.

New York Weekly Tribune. 11 (13 Dec 1851): 8.

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 45. [archive.org]

• Dorothy Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 143.

Youth’s Monthly Magazine ; July 1850-June 1851?

cover/masthead: 1850

edited by: John G. Adams

published: Boston, MA; James M. Usher, Sabbath School Depository; publisher at 37 Cornhill, 1850.

frequency: monthly

description: 48 pp.; page size untrimmed, 7.25″ h x 4.75″ w. Price: $1/ year; 5 copies, 75¢/ year; 10 copies, 60¢/ year; 20 copies, 50¢/ year

• Circulation: 1850, 20,000

• Religious focus

relevant quotes: On the founding: “[T]he ‘Gospel Guide’ was started and published three years …. When three years had passed, it was thought desirable to have a change, and the Sabbath School Association requested that the ‘Youth’s Monthly Magazine’ be started, and this was done. Two numbers have now been published. It has not yet, of course, any established character,—but can be made just what its friends wish to have it.” [Usher]

• Prospectus: “It is the design of the conductor and publisher of the Periodical to furnish as large and as good an amount of reading, suited to the moral and religious instruction of youth, as can be found in any other Juvenile Publication now offered to the public; and to present it also in an attractive form. The character of the Magazine, though intended to answer in some respects the wants of a particular denomination, will be such as may entitle it to the favorable attention of all lovers of Christian Truth. This Prospectus is made to accompany a Specimen Number of the Magazine. It is desirable that the opinions of the friends of youth be expressed to the publisher as to the form in which the work is issued[.]” [“Prospectus.” 1 (July 1850): back cover; cover p. 4]

• The publisher preferred to consider the Monthly as another in a series of experiments: “We have been experimenting in reference to a paper for youth for some few years; and we believe an improvement has been made in this presentation. It is to be hoped that the ‘Magazine’ will answer in a good measure the call for a juvenile periodical. If it does not, we shall try again, and keep trying till we accomplish the object. Our motto is,—‘Never give up.’ ” [“Youth’s Monthly Magazine.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (20 July 1850): 22]

• It was apparently on-target as a religious periodical: “The matter is varied and substantial as well as entertaining. It is matter, too, of the purest and most salutary kind. It has the right Christian instruction in it, doctrinal and practical.” [“Youth’s Monthly Magazine.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (11 Jan 1851): 122]

relevant information: The contents of the issue for Jan 1851 was printed in the Trumpet and Universalist Magazine [“Youth’s Monthly Magazine.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (11 Jan 1851): 122]

continues: The Child's Gospel Guide (1847-1849)

source of information: July 1850 issue; Usher; AAS catalog; OCLC; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Youth’s Monthly Magazine.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (20 July 1850): 22.

• J. M. Usher. “Sabbath School Paper.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (24 Aug 1850): 43.

• Hosea Ballou. “Youth’s Monthly Magazine.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (31 Aug 1850): 47.

• “Youth’s Monthly Magazine.” Trumpet and Universalist Magazine 23 (11 Jan 1851): 122.

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; p. 20. [archive.org]

Fireside Miscellany and Young People’s Encyclopedia ; Sept 1850-July 1851

cover/masthead: cover

edited by: Darius Mead; Hannah Flagg Gould

published: New York, NY: S. G. Mead, 1850-1851; publisher at 122 Nassau St., Nov-Dec 1850; publisher at 123 Fulton St., June 1851; publisher at 151 Nassau St., Feb 1854

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 32 pp.; page size untrimmed, 9.5″ h x 6″ w; price, $1/ year in advance

• Reprinted in 1854 with same cover & description as 1850 & 1851

relevant quotes:

• Description: “The Fireside Miscellany is designed to be, as its name imports, a Family and Fireside Companion. It has originated in a strong persuasion of the value of enlightened and virtuous HOME influence, and in a desire to put into the hands of the various members of the family group a description of reading which shall be at once entertaining, instructive, and elevating. We hope, through this medium, to diffuse a large amount of useful knowledge to both parents and children, in connexion with the inculcation of virtuous principles; and we shall aim to make the work so far attractive in dress, manner, and matter, that it shall be a welcome guest and an agreeable and instructive visiter to those who honor it with their patronage.” [1 (Dec 1850): back cover]

• Reprinted in 1854, with the same description as in 1850: “The Fireside Miscellany will be issued monthly, the first volume commencing with January, 1854. The work will contain 32 pages of original matter and choice selections, making at the end of the year a volume of 384 pages.” [1 (Feb 1854): back cover]

relevant information: What appears to be a book by this title was published in 1849 (NY: M. W. Dodd).

source of information: Nov-Dec 1850, June 1851, Feb 1854 issues; AAS; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

Christian Sunday School Journal ; 1851-

published: Cincinnati, OH: J. Grant

frequency: monthly

• Religious focus

source of information: AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

The Standard-Bearer ; 1851-after 1867

cover/masthead: 1858 | 1867

published: New York, NY: Protestant Episcopal Society for the Promotion of Evangelical Knowledge, 1851-after 1867; publisher at 11 Bible House, Astor Place.

• 1853, printed by J. A. Gray, 97 Cliff St.

• 1858, printed by John A. Gray, 16 & 18 Jacot St.

• 1867, publisher at 3 Bible House; printed by John A. Gray & Green

frequency: monthly

description: 1853, 1858: 16 pp.; page size untrimmed, 6.5″ h x 4.25″ w. Prices: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 25 copies, $5/ year; 50 copies, $10/ year

• 1867: 16 pp.; page size, 6″ h x 4″ w. Prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 10 copies, $4/ year; 25 copies, $9/ year; 50 copies, $17/ year

• Religious focus: Protestant Episcopal

source of information: Sept & Dec 1853; June 1858; Feb 1867 issues; AAS catalog; Maxwell

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

Checklist of Children’s Books, 1837-1876, comp. Barbara Maxwell. Philadelphia, PA: Special Collections, Central Children’s Department, Free Library of Philadelphia, 1975.

The Youth’s Monitor ; 1851-after 1854

edited by: Daniel P. Kidder

published: New York, NY: Lane & Scott, 1851-1853?

• New York, NY: Carlton & Phillips, 1854-?; 1854, publisher at 200 Mulberry St.

• For the Methodist Episcopal Church Sunday School Union

description: 24 pp.; page size, 5.75″ h x 3.75″ w. Price, 2¢/ each; 25¢/ year

• Religious focus: Methodist

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

relevant quotes:

• Introductory: “This Magazine takes the place of the Sunday-Scholar’s Mirror. … A mirror may shine very brightly, and may reflect accurately the face of him who looks into it, and yet one does not wish to be looking into a mirror all the time. It is important to encourage the young in all their attempts to do good, and to conquer evil; but it is equally important to admonish them of the numerous dangers which [p. 6] beset their path, of the great necessity of redeeming time, and of giving their hearts to the Lord. This latter will be the office and aim of the Monitor. It will present its reader with grave truth in a pleasing garb, and will endeavor to merit both the confidence and the respect of all who seek instruction and profit from its pages.” [“Introduction.” 1 (Jan 1851): 5-6.]

• “We are not insensible of the difficulties we have before us in the task of preparing a monthly series of articles designed to be admonitory of youth. Yet we have hope that our readers, although young, are of a character that will appreciate the fidelity of friendship, and will be glad to have the dangers of life pointed out to them early and plainly. We do not devote our pages to fault-finding, nor to dry precepts, and formal advice, however wholesome. Our object is to illustrate both vice and virtue, by means of interesting narratives, and speaking pictures. We hope, therefore, that our readers will regard us as a pleasant and friendly monitor, although a faithful one.” [“Introduction.” 4 (1854): 5-6]

• The 1854 issues seem to have been late: “Owing to some hinderances in our publication office, this monthly magazine was late in making its appearance the present year; consequently our notice of it comes very late. Still we think it desirable for our friends to know that such a publication is continued, and sold in numbers at two cents each, or sent to subscribers for twenty-five cents a year.” [“Youth’s Monitor for 1854.” Sunday School Advocate 13 (March 11, 1854): 93]

continues: The Sunday-Scholar’s Mirror (1849-1850): “This Magazine [The Youth’s Monitor] takes the place of the Sunday-Scholar’s Mirror. In our serial literature for children, it is found by experience to be well to change the titles occasionally, for the sake of variety and good effect. Thus the Encourager followed the Children’s Magazine, the Mirror the Encourager, and now the Monitor succeeds the Mirror.” [Youth’s Monitor ; p. 5] An advertisement for a bound volume explains that the Monitor was “the Juvenile Magazine which has taken the place of ‘The Sunday Scholar’s Mirror.’ ” [Notice #22. The Methodist Quarterly Review 5 (Jan 1853): 142]

source of information: 1851-1854 bound vols; Advocate ; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

bibliography:

• “Introduction.” The Youth’s Monitor 1 (Jan 1851): p. 5-6.

• Notice #22. The Methodist Quarterly Review 5 (Jan 1853): 142.

• “Periodicals for Youth.” Sunday School Advocate 13 (Feb 11, 1854): 78.

• “Youth’s Monitor for 1854.” Sunday School Advocate 13 (March 11, 1854): 93.

Youth’s Gem and Southern Cadet ; Jan 1851-?

edited by: J. C. Reagan

published: Macon, GA: J. C. Reagan.

frequency: semimonthly

description: newspaper format

perhaps continues: The Gem (Milledgeville, GA; 1850)

source of information: Flanders

bibliography:

• notice. Southern Ladies’ Companion. 4 (Jan 1843): 2.

• Bertram Holland Flanders. Early Georgia Magazines: Literary Periodicals to 1865. N.p.: The University of Georgia Press, 1944; p. 92.

The Young Christian ; Jan 1851-1859

edited by: G. L. Demarest

published: New York, NY: B. B. Hallock, Jan 1851-1859.

• Cincinnati, OH: n.p., Jan 1851-1859.

frequency: monthly?

description: 1851: 36 pp.; page size, 5.75″ h • Religious focus: Universalist

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 3

Sabbath School VisitorPresbyterian Sabbath School Visitor ; 1 Jan 1851-26 Sept 1909

cover/masthead: 1851-1852, 1855-1856 | 1857-1860 | 1865-1871 | 1872-1873

edited by: 1870, W. E. Schenck. 1872, John W. Dulles

published: Philadelphia, PA: Presbyterian Board of Publication; 1855-March 1857, publisher at 265 Chestnut St.; April 1857-1873, publisher at 821 Chestnut St. Philadelphia, PA: Sabbath School Union. New York, NY: Presbyterian Board of Publication; 1855-Aug 1856, publisher at 285 Broadway; Jan 1857-1873, publisher at 530 Broadway; 1861, publisher at 15 Chatham Square.

frequency: semimonthly, 1851-1852, 1855-1860 • monthly, 1865-1866 • monthly & semimonthly, 1868-1871

description: 4 pp.

• 1851-1852: page size, 12.25″ h x 9.5″ w; prices, 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 40 or more copies, $5/ year

• 1855-1860, 1865-1866: page size, 14.5″ h x 10.5″ w; prices, 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 8 or more copies, 12¢/ year

• 1868-1871: page size, 14.5″ h x 10.5″ w; prices: semimonthly, 1 copy, 50¢/ year; monthly, 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 8 or more copies, 8¢/ year

• 1872: 14.25″ h x 10.25″ w; prices: semimonthly, 1 copy, 50¢/ year; monthly, 1 copy, 25¢/ year

• Circulation: 1851, 34,000. 1856, 43,000. 1870, 150,000

• Religious focus: Presbyterian

relevant quotes: Intended to provide “positive juvenile literature in place of other less desirable material … constantly reaching the hands of children” (in Bates, p. 13)

• At the beginning, both issues for each month were sent at the same time: “The Visitor is intended as a semi-monthly publication, but, in order to reduce the postage one-half, we have deemed it best to send both the numbers for the month at the same time, and on one sheet. It will, of course, be understood that the superintendents will have the numbers separated, and one circulated on the first, and the other in the middle of the month.” [“To Pastors and Sabbath-School Superintendents.” 1 (1 Jan 1851): 1]

relevant information: Selections were reprinted as The Youth’s Visitor; or, Selections in prose and verse from the Presbyterian Sunday-school Visitor (Philadelphia, PA: Presbyterian Board of Publication, 1853)

source of information: 1851-1852, 1855-1860, 1865-1872, scattered issues & bound volumes; Bates; Rowell; Kenny; NUC; AAS

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

• “General Assembly (Old School).” New York Observer and Chronicle 29 (5 June 1851): 1-2; mention on page 2.

• Notice of The Youth’s Visitor. New York Observer and Chronicle 31 (29 Dec 1853): 414.

• “General Assembly.” New York Observer and Chronicle 34 (29 May 1856): 172.

• Advertisement. The Biblical Repertory and Princeton Review 32 (April 1860): 389.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; pp. 51, 65. [google books]

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 39 (9 Jan 1868): 7.

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 735. [google books]

• “Philadelphia Letter.” New York Evangelist 42 (14 Dec 1871): 2.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 161. [archive.org]

• Barbara Snedeker Bates. “Denominational Periodicals: The Invisible Literature.” Phaedrus 7 (Spring/Summer 1980): 13-18.

The Children’s Friend ; April 1851-1853

cover/masthead: 1853

published: Rochester, NY: O. R. L. Crozier; publisher at the “office of the Advent Harbinger, Talman Block, opposite the Arcade”.

frequency: monthly; first of month

description: 8 pp.; price, 1 copy, 38¢/ year; page size, 11″ h

• Religious focus: Seventh-Day Adventist

relevant quote: The Friend was not a profitable concern: Crozier had lost about $300 on volume one and solicited donations to make up $100 of the deficit; as of Feb 1853, he had received $20. Crozier was blunt in his appeal to readers who wanted the paper to continue: “Unless something more is done to sustain this paper, we shall be obliged to discontinue its publication at the end of the present volume, which closes with the next number. [Transcriber’s note: The next number would be March 1853.] From present appearances, the deficit will be about the same on this volume as on the last.—After setting down the deficit of the first volume at only two-thirds of what it really was, we have received only about one-fifth of that! … We have done what we could to awaken an interest in this matter, but almost in vain: and we have come to the conclusion, that when we have paid the bills [p. 93] for this volume our duty in that direction will be done.” [The Children’s Friend 2 (Feb 1853): 92-93]

source of information: AASHistPer; AAS

available: AASHistPer, series 4

The Myrtle ; 2 Aug 1851-1918

edited by: 1866-1868, Phebe Hanaford • 1875-1905, Elizabeth M. Bruce

published: Boston, MA: J. M. Usher; 1852, 1861, publisher at 37 Cornhill.

• Boston, MA: Universalist Publishing House, 1865-1876.

frequency: 1851, weekly; 1852, semimonthly

description: 1852: page size, 10″ h; price, 50¢/ year

• 1861, price 50¢

• 1870: 4 pp.; page size, 21″ h x 14″ w; price, 50¢

• 1872: 8 pp.; octavo; price, 50¢

source of information: Miller; Fisher; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 35. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 30. [google books]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 665. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 73. [archive.org]

• L. B. Fisher. A Brief History of the Universalist Church, for Young People, 4th ed., revised. N. p.: n. p., n. d.; p. 169.

• Russell E. Miller. The Larger Hope: The First Century of the Universalist Church in America, 1770-1870. Boston, MA: Unitarian Universalist Association, 1979; vol 1, p. 560.

The Flower Basket ; -until March 1852

edited by: J. J. Buchanan

published: Pittsburgh, PA: J. J. Buchanan

relevant quote: Buchanan addressed a notice to his readers, dated 19 Feb 1852: “Owing to a want of proper encouragement, and a decline of health, I am compelled to suspend the publication of The Flower-Basket; and that those who have not received their full proportion of numbers may be supplied with a work as good, if not superior, I have made arrangements with the gentlemanly proprietors of “The Student ” to supply the numbers still due you.” [“The Student and Flower-Basket United.” The Student 4 (April 1852): 185]

absorbed by: The Student (May 1846-Oct 1855)

source of information: Student ; Lyon

bibliography:

• “The Student and Flower-Basket United.” The Student 4 (April 1852): 185.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 225.

Youth’s Enterprise ; in 1852

source of information: mentioned in The Western Gem, and Musician 4 (Sept 1852): 36.

Monday Express ; in 1852

edited by: J. Mitchell, jr.

published: Little Rock, AR: J. Mitchell, jr.

frequency: weekly

description: Price, 5¢/ month

source of information: Gem

bibliography:

• Notice. The Genius of Youth 1 (1 June 1852): 7.

• Notice. The Western Gem, and Musician 4 (July 1852): 20. online

The Youth’s Banner ; 1852-after May 1853

edited by: J. C. Mitchell • May 1853, J. G. Mitchel & W. T. Robinson

published: Little Rock, AR: J. C. Mitchell • Little Rock, AR: J. G. Mitchel & W. T. Robinson, 1853.

frequency: weekly • 1853, semimonthly

description: page size, 12.5″ h. Price, 1853: 50¢/ year

relevant quote: The Banner was “devoted especially to the developement [sic] of the young.” [Notice. The Western Gem 6 (May 1853): 15.]

source of information: Gem ; OCLC

bibliography:

• Notice. Monthly Literary Miscellany, February 1853, p. 63-64. online

• Notice. The Western Gem 6 (May 1853): 15. online

The Youth’s Instructor (also Instructor) ; 1852-after Jan 14 1936

edited by: to 5 Jan 1904, Adelaide B. Cooper

• 12 Jan 1904, Fannie M. Dickerson; Lora E. Clement

published: Washington, DC: Review & Herald Publ. Association.

• Washington, DC: Seventh-Day Adventists, 1936.

frequency: weekly

description: Page size, 15.25″ h • 75¢

source of information: Garwood; OCLC

bibliography:

• Irving Garwood. American Periodicals from 1850 to 1860. Macomb, IL: Irving Garwood, 1931.

The Child’s Paper ; Jan 1852-1897?

cover/masthead: 1853-Dec 1857, 1864-1868, 1870-1871 | Jan 1858-March 1861 | April 1861-Dec 1863

edited by: Rev. Wm. A. Hallock and Mrs. H. C. Knight, 1869-1872

published: New York, NY: American Tract Society, 1852-1897?; 1861, publisher at 150 Nassau St.

• Boston, MA: N. P. Kemp, Nov 1854-Dec 1855; publisher at 28 Cornhill, Nov 1854-Dec 1855; publisher at 40 Cornhill, 1864-1867. Boston, MA: H. E. Simmons, 1870-1871; publisher at 116 Washington St.

• Also published in Philadelphia, Baltimore, Cincinnati, & New Orleans

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/year

description: 4 pp.; page size, 14″ h x 9 5/8″ w • Price, 1854-1855, 1857-April 1864: “payable in advance, in packages of not less than ten copies,” 10/$1 (10¢ ea); 50/$4.50 (9¢ ea); 100/$8 (8¢ ea).

• before? Nov 1864-1871: “in packages of not less than EIGHT copies,” 8/$1; 40/$5; 100/$12

• Circulation: 1852, 125,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” The Independent 4 (13 May 1852): 78] • 1853, 250,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” The Christian Observer 32(14 May 1853): 78] • 1855, 300,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” The Missionary Magazine 35 (Aug 1855): 370] • 1856, 305,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 21 (14 May 1856): 4306] • 1857, 310,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 22 (20 May 1857): 2] • 1858, 300,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 23 (26 May 1858): 2] • 1859, 300,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” New York Evangelist 30 (19 May 1859): 2] • 1863, 225,000/ month [“The American Tract Society.” New York Evangelist 33 (14 May 1863): 8] • 1864, 263,083/ month [“American Tract Society.” New York Evangelist 35 (19 May 1864): 2] • 1868, 350,000/ month [“American Tract Society.” The Ladies’s Repository 29 (Aug 1868): 156]

• Religious focus

relevant quote:

• After the Civil War, one clergyman distributed the Paper to new readers: “ ‘When in South Carolina, some one sent me monthly twenty numbers of the Child’s Paper, which I distributed to the children, black and white, and all were very eager to get them. I also gave away about fifty primers to the needy learners of the A B C’s.” [“Help those that need Help.” New York Evangelist 39 (6 Aug 1868): 4]

relevant information: In 1860, stories from the Paper were published as Flowers of Spring Time (American Tract Society).

• The Paper changed as a result of the American Tract Society’s schism over slavery, as the Friends’ Review noted in its introduction to a reprinting of “The Slave Mother”: “The publication, by the American Tract Society, of the following article in The Child’s Paper affords a striking instance of the change in public sentiment since the time when that Society carefully expunged from its books and tracts every remark of an anti-slavery character.” [“The Slave Mother.” Friends’ Review 18 (8 Oct 1864): 87-88]

source of information: 1854-1855, 1857-1868, 1870-1871 issues & bound vol; Independent ; Christian Observer ; Missionary Magazine ; Kenny; Rowell; OCLC; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 3, 4, 5

bibliography:

• “The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 17 (24 Dec 1851): 3398.

• “The American Tract Society.” The Independent 4 (13 May 1852): 78.

• “The American Tract Society.” The Christian Observer 32 (14 May 1853): 78.

• Notice. The Youth’s Casket 3 (Dec 1854): 270. online

• “The American Tract Society.” The Missionary Magazine 35 (Aug 1855): 370.

• “The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 21 (14 May 1856): 4306.

• “The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 22 (20 May 1857): 2.

• “The American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 23 (26 May 1858): 2.

• “The American Tract Society, Boston.” The Liberator 28 (10 Dec 1858): 198.

• “The American Tract Society.” New York Evangelist 30 (19 May 1859): 2.

• “Tract House On Fire.” New York Observer and Chronicle 37 (15 Dec 1859); 398.

• Bucer. “ ‘The Tract Journal’ and ‘Child at Home,’ vs. ‘American Messenger’ and the [‘]Child’s Paper;’ or Boston vs. New York.” German Reformed Messenger 25 (27 June 1860): 2.

• Zwingli. “The Schism in the American Tract Society.” German Reformed Messenger 25 (11 July 1860): 1.

• Notice of Flowers of Spring Time. New York Observer and Chronicle 38 (13 Dec 1860): 394.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 29, 49. [google books]

• “The American Tract Society.” New York Evangelist 33 (14 May 1863): 8.

• “American Tract Society.” New York Evangelist 35 (19 May 1864): 2.

• “The Slave Mother.” Friends’ Review 18 (8 Oct 1864): 87-88.

• “Reduction of Terms.” The Children’s Friend (Richmond, VA) 21 Dec 1867: p. 95.

• “American Tract Society.” The Ladies’s Repository 29 (Aug 1868): 156.

• “Help those that need Help.” New York Evangelist 39 (6 Aug 1868): 4.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 76. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 705. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; pp. 125-126. [archive.org]

The Youth’s Casket ; Jan 1852-Dec 1857

cover/masthead: 1856

edited by: 1852-1853, Harley Thorne (penname of James O. Brayman?)

• 1853-1854, James O. Brayman

• Nov 1854-1857, Harriet E. G. Arey

published: Buffalo, NY: Beadle & Vanduzee, Jan 1852-March 1853; printed by Phinney & Co.

• Buffalo, NY: Beadle & Brother, April 1853-Nov 1853.

• Buffalo, NY: E. F. Beadle, Dec 1853-Dec 1855.

• Buffalo, NY: Beadle & Adams, Jan 1856-1857.

frequency: monthly

description: 1852-1857: page size, 8.75″ h x 5 11/16″ w; price, 50¢/year

• 1852: 16 pp.; first issues, cover was white printed in reddish orange

• 1853-1857: 24 pp.: “[I]t will this year have twenty-four pages ….” (Jan 1853; p. 27). Price: 1854, 50¢/ year

• Circulation (from magazine): 1853, 3000-4000

relevant quotes:

• Introductory: “We here present you with the first number of the “Youth’s Casket.” We have taken great pains to make it acceptable to you. Do you think we have succeeded? There are few periodicals published especially for children and youth, but those few, so far as we are acquainted with them, are excellent. [Note: In 1852, there were at least 40 children’s periodicals being published in the U. S.] … We frankly confess that, in part, we labor that we may obtain money; but in return for the money which you send us we shall exert ourselves to do you good, and to repay you with that which will be really of more value to you than that which you part with. … [T]hat you may be both instructed and entertained, the Casket will present you, we trust, with a pleasant variety of historical, scientific, and philosophical information, and with equally as pleasant a variety of tales, and articles relating to sports, pastimes, &c., all which we hope will be quite to your taste. Besides all this, the Casket will salute your eyes with ever so many pictures; and we shall try to make them pretty too, very pretty, for we know that young folks are especially fond of such. Now if we fulfill these encouragements will you not help us along? We trust you will.” [“Introductory Address.” 1 (Jan 1852): 1-2]

• The first issue was later than planned: “Our Present Number.—It is before you, though in consequence of a long spell of sickness, it is late. For the same reason together with a slight miscalculation as to space we have not given you so great a variety of subjects as we had intended. However we have now got so good a start that we think we shall find no difficulty in making all future numbers about right. We feel sure that at all events no future number will be less acceptable to you than the present.” [“Our Present Number.” 1 (Jan 1852): 20]

• The first two issues were reprinted: “In consequence of the increasing demand for the Casket, we have been obliged to print a second edition of the January and February numbers, and also to print, this month, double the number of the last. And here we wish it to be understood—for we have often been asked—that as every number of the Casket is stereotyped, back numbers will be furnished whenever called for.” [“A Second Edition.” 1 (March 1852): 51]

• The title was a bit too similar to that of another periodical: “We see that some of our correspondents and exchanges designate our magazine as the “Youth’s Cabinet.” Now this is, truly, a very excellent title of a very excellent magazine; but it is not the title of our magazine, which, by a simple reference to the cover, all will see is the “Youth’s Casket.” [“Our Title.” 1 (April 1852): 68]

merged with: Forrester’s Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine, Jan 1858: “[T]he Casket is making its face as like to [Forrester’s] as possible, and … most of our contents are similar this month.” [Oct 1857; p. 243] “The Casket and Forrester’s Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine are to be united the first of January 1858 ….” [Nov 1857; p. 267]

source of information: 1852-1855, 1857 vols; Jan 1856 issue; German Reformed Messenger ; OCLC; Lyon; Johannsen; Kelly

bibliography:

• Notice. The Buffalo Morning Express. 31 Dec 1851.

• Notice. German Reformed Messenger 20 (20 Dec 1854): 4214.

• Advertisement. Prisoner’s Friend 9 (1 Nov 1856): 86.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 42. [google books] [source evidently based on outdated information: listed here only for completeness]

• Frank H. Severance. “Bibliography: The Periodical Press in Buffalo, 1811-1915,” Buffalo Historical Society Publications 19 (1915): 177-312.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 209-213.

• Albert Johannsen. The House of Beadle and Adams. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1950; vol 1, pp. 414-418.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

The Schoolmate ; Feb 1852-Oct 1855

cover/masthead: Nov 1852-1854

edited by: A. R. Phippen

published: New York, NY: George Savage, Feb 1852-Jan 1854; 1852, Savage at 22 John St.; later, Savage at 58 Fulton St.

• Boston, MA: Morris Cotton & Co., Dec 1852-Aug 1854; Cotton at 120 Washington St.

• New York, NY: A. R. Phippen, Feb? 1854-1855?; Phippen at 68 Fulton St., 1854

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Feb-Oct 1852, 32 pp.; page size, 9.5″ h x 6″ w

• Prices: 1 copy, $1/ year, in advance; 6 copies, $5/ year; 12 copies, $9/ year; 10¢/ copy

• Vol 1, 9 issues (Feb-Oct 1852); vol 2-4, 12 issues each (Nov-Oct)

relevant quotes:

• The cover changed between volume 1 & 2: “On the 1st of November we shall visit our friends in an entirely new dress, and with several new and interesting features.” [1 (Sept 1852): 251] The new cover was intended to express the subjects explored in the Schoolmate: “As the winter months draw near, the season of gloom without, it is a good plan to make every thing bright and cheerful within, and it is partly for this reason that we present the Schoolmate, to our friends this month in a new and more beautiful dress, that it may be still more entertaining as a fireside companion and schoolroom friend. How do you like the new cover?—by studying it carefully you will see that it is a complete picture of all the objects for which this work is intended.” [“The Teacher’s Desk.” 2 (Nov 1852): 31]

• A. R. Phippen may have taken over as publisher in Feb 1854: “The editor of the Schoolmate having taken the office formerly occupied by George Savage, will, in future, give strict attention to editing and publishing the magazine. The delay which has been so troublesome in some of the late numbers, will be avoided, and our subscribers will have their magazines mailed to them by, at least, the first of each month.” [Schoolmate. 3 (Jan 1854): 92] The Jan 1854 issue lists George Savage as the New York publisher.

merged with: The Student (May 1846-Oct 1855); to form The Student and Schoolmate ; Nov 1855-1872

source of information: 1852-1853 vols; 1852-1854 scattered issues; Lyon; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 3 & 4

excerpts online

bibliography:

• “Editor’s Table.” Maine Farmer 20 (11 March 1852): 2.

• “Periodicals.” The Ladies’ Repository 12 (May 1852): 198.

• Notice. Spirit of the Times 22 (26 June 1852): 228.

• Notice. The Youth’s Casket 1 (Nov 1852): 180. online

• Advertisement. The Huntress 16 (7 Jan 1854): 4.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

The Favourite Magazine of Instruction and Amusement for Boys and Girls (also The Favorite); April-Sept 1852

edited by: Daniel H. Jacques (“Uncle Daniel”)

published: New York, NY: Thaddeus Hyatt, Daniel H. Jacques, April-Sept 1852; publisher at 97 Cliff St.

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 9.5″ h; price, $1/ year • Lyon states that the last issue was Oct 1852.

absorbed by: The StudentThe Student and Family Miscellany (May 1846-Oct 1855)

relevant quote: On the merger with The Student: “Arrangements have been made with us to supply the subscribers to ‘The Favorite’—a monthly magazine published in this city by Messrs. Hyatt and Jacques—with The Student; that magazine having been discontinued. Hereafter they will receive The Student instead of The Favorite.” [“To the Subscribers of ’The Favorite’.” The Student. 5 (Oct 1852): 192]

source of information: The Student, Oct 1852 (located in Winterthur Library, Wilmington, DE); Maine Farmer ; Dechert; Lyon; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• “Editor’s Table.” Maine Farmer 26 (24 June 1852): 2.

• Notice. The Western Gem, and Musician. 4 (Sept 1852): 36. online

• Dorothy Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” MA thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 29-32.

The Genius of Youth ; 1 June 1852-mid/late 1852

cover/masthead: 1852

edited by: Ross Alley

published: Olean, IN: Ross Alley

frequency: monthly

description: 8 pp.; price, 15¢/ year

relevant information:

• Perhaps named after The Genius of the West, a periodical for adults published by Howard Durham in Cincinnati, Ohio.

• Ross Alley wrote a few poems for The Western Gem, and Musician in 1852; the Gem ’s editor, Howard Durham, published “To Love” in Genius and advertised the periodical. [The Western Gem, and Musician 5 (Dec 1852): 12]

• Like older publishers, Alley offered premiums, in this case for works on temperance written by young writers.

• Alley appears to have reinvented his periodical each time his family moved to a new town.

relevant quote: Alley invited writers of all ages to submit pieces: “It will be devoted exclusively to the interests of the young; and the contents will be composed, principally, of the writings of authors who have not yet spent ‘the days of their youth.’ However, when we are offered articles of true merit, by ‘children of a larger growth’ we will in no case reject them. We have engaged the service of a host of youthful writers, whose merry carols will make our columns as musical as a summer grove when birds are warbling in their glee. Our columns will at all times, be open for the reception of articles from the pens of our young readers, as one of our objects is to encourage the young, in their endeavors to ‘become something in the world.’ ” [editorial. 1 (1 June 1852): 6]

continues: The Youth’s Casket (early 1850-1852?)

continued by: The Forest Rose (1852-1853; for adults) • The Literary Messenger (1853-Sept 1854; for adults)

The Forest Rose: 4 pp.; page size, 19″ h x 13″ wide

• The Rose was described in a notice: “The Forest Rose, edited and published by our poetical young friend, Ross Alley, has just been commenced in Olean, Ind. It is a spicy and spirited paper, in fact just a sheet as the editor’s talent would give us reason to expect. After the third of May it will be published weekly at 75 cts per annum. Its success has our best wishes and hopes.” [The Western Gem, and Musician 5 (15 March 1853): 47]

• Most of the Sept 9, 1853 issue of the Rose was reprinted in a tribute to Ross Alley. [King-Benham; pp. 61-79]

source of information: AASHistPer, series 3; Gem ; King-Benham; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 3

bibliography:

• Notice. The Western Gem, and Musician 4 (June 1852): 12. online

• Mention. The Western Gem, and Musician 4 (August 1852): 28. online

• Notice. The Youth’s Casket 1 (Nov 1852): 179-180. online

• Emma King-Benham. Memorial Volume to the Boy, Pioneer-Poet-Printer Ross Alley. Terre Haute, IN: np, 1929. Printed by the Viquesney Company; pp. 35-36, 61-79.

Youth’s Instructor ; Aug 1852-1970 • Insight ; 1970-present?

edited by: 1852-1853, James White

• 1854, Anna White

• 1855-1857, James White

• 1858-1864, G. W. Amadon

• 1864-1867, Adelia P. Patten

• 1867-1869, G. W. Amadon

• 1869-1871, G. H. Bell

• 1871-1873, Jennie R. Trembley

published: Rochester, NY: Review & Herald Publishing Association, 1852-1855.

• Battlecreek, MI: Review & Herald Publishing Association, 1855-1903.

frequency: 1852-1869, monthly (Kenny lists as weekly) • 1870, semimonthly

description: Aug 1852: price, 25¢/ year

• 1869-1872: 8 pp.; price, 50¢

• Religious focus: Seventh-Day Adventist

source of information: Kelly; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 33. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 49. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 670. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872. [archive.org]

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Der Schul- und Hausfreund (The friend at school and at home) ; 1853-

edited by: Conrad Bär

published: Buffalo, NY: Conrad Bär.

frequency: semimonthly

description: Lutheran magazine • German-language periodical

source of information: Arndt; Fraser

bibliography:

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

Youth’s Western Banner ; 1853

published: Chicago, IL: Isaac C. Smith & Co.

frequency: monthly

relevant information: According to James and Loveless, it was “devoted to temperance, morality and religion.”

source of information: Garwood; James & Loveless

bibliography:

• Edmund J. James and Milo J. Loveless. A Bibliography of Newspapers Published in Illinois Prior to 1860. Publications of the Illinois State Historical Library #1. Springfield, IL: Hillips Bros., 1899. [archive.org]

• Irving Garwood. American Periodicals from 1850 to 1860. Macomb, IL: Irving Garwood, 1931.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 144.

Forest Garland ; 1853-1854

edited by: Stephen R. Smith • Walter F. Straub • Smith and Lapham

published: Cincinnati, OH: J. C. Richardson & Co.

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 9.75″ h; price, 50¢/ year • Nov-Dec 1853 issue is vol 1, #11-12

relevant information: temperance focus

source of information: Gem ; OCLC; Lyon

bibliography:

• Notice. The Western Gem, and Musician 6 (July 1853): 30. online

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 144.

Little Traveler ; 1853-1855

published: Waynesville, OH

frequency: monthly

relevant information: perhaps the periodical founded by Howard Durham

source of information: Kelly

bibliography:

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Youth’s Galaxy ; Jan-June 1853

edited by: “Obadiah Oldfellow”

published: New York, NY: Benjamin Ela; Jan 1853, publisher at 116 Nassau St.; March 1853, publisher at 185 Nassau St.

• New York, NY: E. H. Fletcher; publisher at 117 Nassau St.

• Lyon describes two copies in different states: “In an undated copy at the Rare Book Room, Library of Congress, the publisher is given as Benjamin Ela of New York. A duplicate volume in the New York Public Library is dated 1854, and the publisher is given as E. H. Fletcher.” [p. 145] The undated copy published by Ela appears to be the 1853 original; the 1854 copy published by Fletcher is probably a reprint.

frequency: monthly

description: 36 pp.; page size, 7.5″ h x 5.75″ w. Price: $1/ year

• Apparent reprint of Parley’s Magazine (16 March 1833-1844); another reprint by Fletcher appeared in 1857

• Only 6 issues?

• “End of vol. 1” is printed at the bottom of the last page of my copy of the 1854 edition; however, no later volumes have been located.

• Available as a bound volume in 1857: “The Youth’s Galaxy is a finely illustrated book for the young. It treats upon a great variety of subjects—a sort of little Encyclopedia. The price is 75 cents, and it is published by Edward H. Fletcher, 29 Ann Street, N. Y.” [Republication of Parley’s Magazine. 1 (1857): 10.]

relevant quote: Introduction: “Now I call this new work the ’Galaxy,’ because I intend to crowd it full of all manner of bright things. I name it the ‘Youth’s Galaxy,’ because I mean to fill it with things which will be particularly bright to the eye of the young. … Ample materials are at my command; all my lifetime have I been accumulating them. I shall aim to make this publication, not in name only, but in truth, a literary and moral ‘Youth’s Galaxy.’ ” [1 (Jan? 1854): 8]

source of information: 1854 bound volume; New York Evangelist ; Independent ; Lyon

bibliography:

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 24 (6 Jan 1853): 3.

• Notice. The Independent 5 (17 March 1853): 42.

• Advertisement. The Independent 5 (17 March 1853): 44.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 144-145.

The Little Pilgrim ; Oct 1853-April 1869

cover/masthead: 1854-1855 | 1861-1866 | 1867-April 1869

edited by: Sarah J. Lippincott (“Grace Greenwood”)

published: Philadelphia, PA: Leander K. Lippincott; 1861, publisher at 319 Walnut St.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1853-1856: 8 pp.; quarto; page size, 12.75″ h x 9″ w; price, 50¢/ year.

• 1857: 12 pp.; page size, 9.5″ h x 6″ w

• 1858, 1861-65: 14 pp.; page size, 9.5″ h x 6.25″ w. Prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 5 copies, $2/ year; 14 copies, $5/ year

• 1866: 14 pp.; page size, 9.5″ h x 6.25″ w. Prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 5 copies, $2.75/ year; 9 copies, $5/ year; 14 copies, $7/ year; 19 copies, $9/ year; 50 copies, $22/ year

• 1868-April 1869: 32 pp.; page size, 7″ h x 5.25″ w untrimmed. Prices: single copy, 7¢; 1 copy, 75¢/year; 5 copies, $3.50/ year; 9 copies, $6.50/ year; 19 copies, $12/ year; 50 copies, $28/ year

relevant information: Though the Pilgrim began in Oct 1853, the Lippincotts preferred to begin each volume with the January issue; thus, the Jan 1854 issue is marked “Vol. I No. 1.” The last few issues for 1854 reminded those who had subscribed in Oct-Dec 1853 that not only was it time to renew, but that since their new subscription would begin with the issue for Jan 1855, they needed to include extra money for the Oct-Dec 1854 issues. Thus a subscriber renewing in Oct 1854 should send money for 15 issues (62¢, instead of 50¢); a renewal in Nov 1854 should be for 14 issues, etc.

relevant quotes:

• The Pilgrim’s antecedent was made clear to subscribers to The National Era: “In size and general character, this publication will resemble Mrs. Margaret L. Bailey’s lately discontinued Friend of Youth, the place of which it is designed to take.” [Advertisement. The National Era 7 (8 Sept 1853): 143]

• The connection between periodicals was confusing to at least one editor: “It is said to be a continuation of the Friend of Youth, lately published in Washington by Mrs. Bailey; but we can’t quite see how that is, when it has another name, another place of publication, and another editor.” [“The Little Pilgrim.” The National Era 7 (3 Nov 1853): 174] That the Pilgrim began a year after the Friend ended probably didn’t help.

• Subscribers to Friend of Youth with issues remaining on the subscription were sent the Pilgrim in its place: “Since our last issue [Jan 1854], we have received from Dr. Bailey a list of the names of those subscribers to whom The Friend of Youth was indebted when its publication was discontinued, with pay for the same; and we shall furnish The Little Pilgrim to all of them to the full extent of their respective payments. To some half dozen or more, only five copies were due; the claims of these will cease with this number, and unless their subscriptions are renewed before our next issue their names will be dropped from our books.” [“The Friend of Youth.” 1 (Feb 1854): 14]

• In 1854, the picture at the top of the first page was changed from what it had been in 1853; the new illustration was by F. O. C. Darley: “Are you not all charmed and delighted, dear readers, with our new heading? Was there ever in the world, think you, so comely a little pilgrim as Mr. Darley has sketched for us? We are sure you cannot refuse to greet, with a most hearty welcome, this little stranger. The freshness and youth of his round, sunny face, must win quick responses from the freshness and youth of your generous hearts; and his sweet, wondering eyes draw tender, loving looks from yours—especially yours, ye little maidens. Is he not beautiful to behold?” [1 (Jan 1854): 4]

• A supplement was sent with the Feb 1854 issue “to all who did not begin at the first beginning. It makes a full sized extra number and contains the first three European sketches, the ‘Salutatory,’ poem, and other articles. All who did not get the October number are entitled to a copy ….” [1 (Feb 1854): 12]

• The format was changed in Jan 1857 because the tall page size was difficult to store: “In the old style, it was found that our paper was too long to fit on the book-shelves, and too thin to be bound more than once in two years. It now contains sixteen pages about a third less in size than the old ones. Three of these pages we shall devote, usually, to select advertisements—to pay for the considerable additional expense which this change has involved, and one to the beautiful (we are sure you will all think it so) new arrangement of The Little Pilgrim‘s picture in a title-page—leaving twelve large octavo pages of reading matter; which is about equal to the amount contained in the old form, and more than is contained in many of the dollar magazines.” [“Our New Shape.” 4 (Jan 1857): 8.]

• The coming merger with The Little Corporal was announced on the inside front cover (cover page 2) of the April 1869 issue: “This will be the last number issued of ‘The Little Pilgrim’ as a distinctive magazine. Henceforth it will be incorporated with ‘The Little Corporal,’ published at Chicago by Alfred L. Sewell & Co. … Our friends are not to think ‘The Little Pilgrim’ is dead; he has only become a sort of Siamese-twin to ‘The Little Corporal,’ hand in hand with whom, we trust, he will make his monthly rounds for many a year to come, bringing pleasure and profit to such an army of girls and boys as was never before enlisted under one banner. His mother’s hand and brain will still guide him on his way, so that he will not lose his identity in that of his larger brother; Grace Greenwood will be a constant contributor. In thanking our friends for the patronage they have bestowed upon ‘The Little Pilgrim’ through so many years, we ask that it may be continued under this new association, believing that they will not only lose nothing by the change, but gain much. We believe ‘The Little Corporal’ has already the largest circulation of any juvenile magazine in the world. It has our best wishes that, with ‘The Little Pilgrim’s’ aid, it may increase and multiply three fold.” [“Notice.” 16 (April 1869): cover page 2]

• Announcing the merger in June 1869, the Corporal printed a “goodbye letter” by Sarah Lippincott, dated 23 April 1869: “My dear Little Pilgrim: It is with sorrow, though with hope, that I let you go out of your old home, and from parental care, to your newer and grander field of duty, at the west. … We comfort ourselves, your father [Leander Lippincott] and I, with the assurance that an honorable career is before you, as the Aide of that victorious young General of Juveniles, still known, like the great Napoleon, under his first familiar title of ‘The Little Corporal.’ ” [Little Corporal, 8 (June 1869): 91]

• “Subscribers to The Little Pilgrim will be supplied with numbers of The Little Corporal instead of The Pilgrim until the end of the time for which they have paid.” [Little Corporal 8 (June 1869): 92]

absorbed: Friend of Youth ; 1849-Oct 1852

absorbed by: The Little Corporal ; July 1865-April 1875

source of information: 1854-1869, scattered issues & volumes; The Little Corporal, June 1869; Lyon

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

• microfilm: Nineteenth-century children’s periodicals. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979.

• excerpts in Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

bibliography:

• Advertisement. The National Era 7 (8 Sept 1853): 143.

• “The Little Pilgrim.” The National Era 7 (3 Nov 1853): 174.

• “The Little Pilgrim.” Graham’s American Monthly Magazine 43 (Dec 1853): 653.

• Notice. The Knickerbocker 42 (Dec 1853): 654-655.

• Notice. Michigan Farmer 11 (1 Dec 1853): 369.

• Notice. Godey’s Lady’s Book Jan 1854: 80.

• “Grace Greenwood.” American Phrenological Journal 19 (Jan 1854): 5-8.

• Notice. The Little Forester 1 (Feb 1854): 13. online

• “L.” [Leander Lippincott] “The Friend of Youth.” The Little Pilgrim 1 (March 1854): 21.

• “Editors’ Table.” Peterson’s Magazine 27 (April 1855): 316.

• Notice. The Knickerbocker 46 (Dec 1855): 655.

• Advertisement. American Phrenological Journal 22 (Dec 1855): 139.

• “Literary Notices.” Home Journal 48 (1 Dec 1855): 3.

• “Our New Shape.” The Little Pilgrim 4 (Jan 1857): 8.

• Notice. Maine Farmer 27 (15 Dec 1859): 2.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 65. [google books]

• Notice. Maine Farmer 30 (11 Dec 1862): 2.

• Notice. Maine Farmer 33 (7 Dec 1865): 2.

• Notice of sale. American Literary Gazette and Publishers’ Circular 13 (1 June 1869): 55.

• “Grace Greenwood.” [Sarah J. Lippincott] “A Mother’s Good Bye.” The Little Corporal, 8 (June 1869): 91.

• “The Little Pilgrim: A Distinguished Recruit.” The Little Corporal, 8 (June 1869): 92.

• Notice of merger. Western Christian Advocate 36 (23 June 1869); 197.

• J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia, PA: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884; vol 3, p. 2024. [google books]

• Eleanor Weakley Nolen. “Nineteenth Century Children’s Magazines.” The Horn Book Magazine. 15 (January/February 1939): 55-60.

• Mabel F. Altstetter. “Early American Magazines for Children.” Peabody Journal of Education 19 (Nov 1941); p. 132.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 214-220.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• James Marten. “For the Good, the True, and the Beautiful: Northern Children’s Magazines and the Civil War.” Civil War History 41 (March 1995): 57-75.

Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

The Little Wolverine ; May-August 1854

edited by: Mrs. C. M. Sheldon

published: Detroit, MI

frequency: monthly

description: 30¢/ year • Only four issues

relevant information: In May 1854, a specimen issue was sent to subscribers to the Western Literary Cabinet.

source of information: Casket ; Western Literary Cabinet ; Farmer; Lyon

bibliography:

• “The Little Wolverine.” Western Literary Cabinet 10 (May 1854): 198.

• Notice. The Youth’s Casket. 3 (June 1854): 149. online

• Silas Farmer. History of Detroit and Wayne County and Early Michigan, 3rd ed. Detroit: Silas Farmer & Co., 1890; p. 677.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 145-146, 151.

Children’s Friend ; 1854-1904 • Friend for Boys and Girls ; 1905-1917

edited by: W. J. Shuey, 1869. D. Berger, 1870, 1872

published: Dayton, OH: Telescope Office, 1854-1904. • Dayton, OH: S. Vonnieda. • Dayton, OH: W. J. Shuey, 1869-1872.

frequency: semimonthly

description: 1854: 25¢/ year

• Price: 1869-1872, 30¢/ year

• Circulation: 1869, 30,000

absorbed: Missionary VisitorChildren’s Visitor (1865-1901)

continued by: Boys’ Friend (1918-1927) and Girls’ Friend (1918-1927)

source of information: Casket ; AAS catalog

available: excerpts in Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

source of information: Casket ; Batsel

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

• Notice. The Youth’s Casket. 3 (June 1854): 149. online

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 57. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 87. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 720. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 142. [archive.org]

Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

The Little Forester ; Jan 1854-Oct 1855

cover/masthead: 1854

edited by: Jan-July 1854, Howard Durham • Aug 1854, Howard Durham, William T. Coggeshall, & Coates Kinney • Sept 1854, Mary M. Coggeshall

published: Cincinnati, OH: Howard Durham, Jan-July 1854. • Cincinnati, OH: C. S. Abbott & Co., Aug 1854. • Cincinnati, OH: William T. Coggeshall, Sept 1854-1855.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 1854: 8 pp.; paper size, 11.75″ h x 9″ w. Prices: Jan-Oct 1854, 25¢/ year; Nov-Dec 1854, 50¢/ year

relevant quotes:

• The first issue was produced under difficulties: “The present number of the Little Forester is not a fair specimen of what the future numbers will be, except in size and form. The office in which we get our work printed is but just recovering from the recent strike of the jour. printers, and it was with the utmost difficulty that we could get any type set for it. The next number will challenge comparison with any similar publication. It will contain original contributions from several of the first writers in the West ….” [1 (Jan 1853): 4]

• The Forester gained new editors as some literary sparring broke out. W. H. Venable notes that “[s]ome business difficulty having arisen between Durham and Kinney, the latter bought the concern, taking as company Wm. T. Coggeshall, and Durham retired,” with a notice from Durham appearing in The Genius of the West, the magazine for adults which he also published: “For numerous reasons, more interesting to myself than to the public, I have withdrawn from the Genius of the West and Forester, leaving my partners ‘monarchs of all they survey.’ ” [W. H. Venable. “Early Periodical Literature of the Ohio Valley,” part 5. Magazine of Western History 8 (Oct 1888): 523] At first, all was decorous: “The readers of the Little Forester will observe that the name of Mr. Durham has disappeared from its columns, and that two names take its place. [Note: Durham’s name was still on the masthead for this issue.] Mr. Durham has withdrawn to engage in other enterprises, and his place is filled by Mr. Coggeshall and Mr. Kinney. Very likely you have all read Mr. Coggeshall’s stories, and Mr. Kinney’s poetry, … so that you will not feel that they are exactly strangers to you.” [2 (Aug 1854): 20.] The next issue was another matter, with C. S. Abbott inserting a few intriguing paragraphs in largish type: “We caution the public against being influenced by a circular, issued by Mr. Howard Durham. We have found him unworthy of confidence. Influenced by editorial jealousy, he suddenly deserted his post and violated all his engagements with us. Now he undertakes the labor, as he himself expresses it, of ‘sinking us in an infamous oblivion.’ … We must be excused from replying to an individual who asserts that he ‘could bring us to justice by course of law,’ but instead of that proper remedy, proceeds recklessly to assail us with gross and criminal libel. In the future the public will have cause to thank us for this brief word of caution.” [“Caution.” 2 (Sept 1854): 30.]

relevant information:

• In 1853, Durham also published The Genius of the West, which provided some material for the Forester. He was long a proponent of the “phonetic alphabet” and provided about a page of material in each issue of the Forester printed using that orthography. Durham did the same in his other publications, including The Western Gem and The Little Traveler. The result was at least one nearly indecipherable page in every issue. (The phonetic alphabet had other adherents in Cincinnati: Longley & Brother published several works in the alphabet in 1849 and 1850; see the Morgan Bibliography of Ohio Imprints, 1796-1850, at olc7.ohiolink.edu/morgan.)

• Durham was pleased with the rate of subscribing in the first months: “The Little Forester is going ahead finely, and has received some days as high as forty and fifty subscribers.” [1 (Feb 1854): 12]

• Mary Coggeshall offered readers more than her editorial talents: “We wish to be the personal friend of each reader of the Little Forester and we will esteem it a privilege to select for and send to mothers any books, toys, or information concerning dress, which they may wish from the city and can order through us. Children ask your mothers what the ’Forester’ Editor can send you.” [2 (Oct 1854): 36]

• Subscribers received 10 issues of the Forester for 1855 before receiving two issues of The Youth’s Friend: “This number completes the twelve for which many of the patrons of the ‘Forester’ subscribed, they having received ten ‘Foresters,’ and in place of the two more due, we have furnished the present [Jan 1856] and last numbers of the ‘Youth’s Friend.‘ Mr. and Mrs. COGGESHALL have united with us, to solicit a continuance of our short acquaintence, friendship, and patronage. Your former Editor’s promises have been cheerfully given to labor with us for your profit and pleasure, in making the ‘Friend’ not only as good, but better than any other youth’s paper now published anywhere; and we feel assured we can do it.” [“To the ‘Little Forester’ Subscribers.”]

merged with: The Youth’s Friend ; 6 March 1846-1860

source of information: 1854 issues; Garwood; Lyon; AAS

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “Literary Notices.” Western Literary Cabinet 10 (March 1854); 120.

• “To the ‘Little Forester’ Subscribers.” The Youth’s Friend 10 (Jan 1856): 60.

• W. H. Venable. “Early Periodical Literature of the Ohio Valley,” part 5. Magazine of Western History 8 (Oct 1888): 523.

• Irving Garwood. American Periodicals from 1850 to 1860. Macomb, IL: Irving Garwood, 1931; p. 24.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 146-147.

Schuylkill County School Journal ; Jan 1854-

edited by: “teachers in the Public Schools”

published: Pottsville, PA: Benjamin Bannen

frequency: monthly

description: 16 pp.; page size, 10.25″ h • Prices per issue: 4¢ to scholars; 50¢ other subscribers

relevant quote: “As its title indicates, it is … devoted to the interests of the public schools particularly in Schuylkill county. Besides affording a medium of communication with the public to the teachers themselves, we perceive, it is purposed to appropriate a considerable portion of its columsn to communications from the scholars.” [“Schuylkill County School Journal.” German Reformed Messenger 19 (4 Jan 1854): 4014]

source of information: German ; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “Schuylkill County School Journal.” German Reformed Messenger 19 (4 Jan 1854): 4014.

• “Educational Periodicals.” The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 1 (May 1854): 156.

Juvenile Temperance Watchman (also Juvenile Watchman) ; 2 Jan 1854-

edited by: Howard Owen

published: Brunswick, ME: Howard Owen.

frequency: semimonthly

description: Newspaper format

source of information: Lyon; OCLC

bibliography:

• Irving Garwood. American Periodicals from 1850 to 1860. Macomb, IL: Irving Garwood, 1931.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 146.

Monthly Instructor and Fire Side Companion ; July 1854-June 1855 • Forrester’s Playmate ; Jan 1854-Dec 1858 • Youth’s Casket and Playmate ; Jan 1859-after April 1867

cover/masthead: Playmate | Casket & Playmate

edited by: Dexter S. King (“Mark Forrester”)

published: Boston, MA: William Guild & Co., 1854-1867. Publisher at 156 Washington St., Aug 1855-Feb 1860; at 109 Washington St., April-Aug 1860; at 5 Water St., Aug 1862; at 15 Water St., July 1864-April 1865; at 33 School St., May 1865-Feb 1867; at 134 Washington St., April 1867.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 32 pp.; page size, 8″ h x 5.5″ w

• Prices: 1855-1857, 10¢/ issue; 1 copy, $1/ year in advance, $1.25/ year otherwise; 4 copies, $3/ year; 10 copies, $7/ year. 1859, $1.25/ year; $1/ year in advance. 1860, 1 copy, $1.25/ year, $1/ year in advance; 3 copies (67¢/ issue), $2/ year; 10 copies (60¢/ issue), $6/ year; 20 copies (50¢/ issue), $10/ year. April 1865-March 1866, 1 copy, $1.25/ year in advance; 5 copies, $5/ year; specimen copy, 10¢. April 1866-April 1867, 1 copy, $1.50/ year in advance; 5 copies, $6/ year; specimen copy, 10¢

• Also referred to as The Playmate and Instructor. Bound volumes of Youth’s Casket and Playmate also titled Forrester’s Playmate

• May have missed three issues between 1860 & 1862: vol 16 begins with April 1862

• Double issues: Nov/Dec 1864 (48 pp.); Dec 1865/Jan 1866 (72 pp.)

• Vol 25 begins with Jan 1867

absorbed: Sargent’s School Monthly ; Jan-before Dec 1858: “Epes Sargent, Esq., recently editor and publisher of Sargent’s School Monthly, having transferred that work to us, will become a contributor to the pages of the Playmate during the coming year. It is but justice to say, that his popularity as a writer for the young will add greatly to the value of our Magazine.” [Forrester’s Playmate 9 (Dec 1858): 189]

source of information: Aug 1855-Ap 1867, scattered issues & bound volumes; Lyon

available: AASHistPer, series 4

• excerpts in Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

bibliography:

• “Editor’s Table.” Maine Farmer 22 (22 June 1854): 2.

• “Editor’s Table.” Maine Farmer 23 (14 June 1855): 2.

• Advertisement. German Reformed Messenger 22 (7 Jan 1857): 4.

• “Editor’s Table.” Maine Farmer 25 (11 June 1857): 2.

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 31 (5 Jan 1860): 5.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 31. [google books]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 221-223.

Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

The Little Traveler ; Nov 1854-after Dec 1854

cover/masthead: 1854

edited by: Howard Durham • John W. Henley

published: Cincinnati, OH: Howard Durham.

frequency: monthly

description: 8 pp.; page size, 12″ h x 9″ w; prices: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 3 copies, $1/ year; 10 copies, $3/ year; 20 copies, $5/ year

• Jan 1855 would begin volume 2: “Finding that our present edition will not be equal to the demand, we have concluded to commence a new volume with our January number, in order to enlarge the size of our monthly editions, so that subscribers may have all the numbers complete from the beginning of the volume; and also, in order that subscriptions may begin and end with the volumes, we will send to all subscribers who began with the November number, the whole of the twelve numbers for 1855—thus giving them fourteen numbers instead of twelve; and we will send to all new subscribers commencing with January, the copies for November and December, so long as the editions may hold out, which, however, from present prospects will not be very long.” [“The Little Traveler for 1855.” 1 (Dec 1854): 12.]

relevant quotes:

• Prospectus: “Our design is to furnish a pleasant, moral, literary paper for the young.” [1 (Nov 1854): 5.]

• Durham was rather blunter than many editors about the economic promise of publishing a periodical: “Well, who ever saw a nicer or more appropriate heading for a Young People’s Paper? It can’t be surpassed anywhere in our opinion. It cost us a good big ‘pile’ of money, and it will take quite a number of subscribers to renumerate us for this outlay; but one thing we are certain of—it will after all, be a cheap heading, for the Little Traveler will ‘walk right into the affections’ of all the folks, both big and little.” [“Our Heading.” 1 (Nov 1854): 5.]

relevant information:

• Business for the Traveler was handled by John W. Henley.

• Durham was long a proponent of the “phonetic alphabet” and provided in each issue of the Traveler about a page of material printed using that orthography. (He did the same in his other publications, including The Western Gem [for adults] and The Little Forester.) The result was at least one nearly indecipherable page in every issue. (The phonetic alphabet had other adherents in Cincinnati: Longley & Brother published several works in the alphabet in 1849 and 1850; see the Morgan Bibliography of Ohio Imprints, 1796-1850, at olc7.ohiolink.edu/morgan.)

• The Traveler seems to have been published as a result of some literary warfare: from January through July of 1854, Durham edited The Little Forester. Durham also published The Genius of the West, for adults. By Aug 1854, Durham had sold his share of the publishing company to his partner. [W. H. Venable. “Early Periodical Literature of the Ohio Valley,” part 5. Magazine of Western History 8 (Oct 1888): 523] Durham’s name appeared in the masthead of the August issue of the Forester, along with the names of two new editors. In September, however, the Forester ’s new publisher inserted some intriguing paragraphs in the largest type in that issue: “We caution the public against being influenced by a circular, issued by Mr. Howard Durham. We have found him unworthy of confidence. Influenced by editorial jealousy, he suddenly deserted his post and violated all his engagements with us. Now he undertakes the labor, as he himself expresses it, of ‘sinking us in an infamous oblivion.’ … We must be excused from replying to an individual who asserts that he ‘could bring us to justice by course of law,’ but instead of that proper remedy, proceeds recklessly to assail us with gross and criminal libel. In the future the public will have cause to thank us for this brief word of caution.” [“Caution.” The Little Forester 2 (Sept 1854): 30.] In 1855, Durham founded another magazne for adults to compete with the one he sold to his partner. [W. H. Venable. “Early Periodical Literature of the Ohio Valley,” part 5. Magazine of Western History 8 (Oct 1888): 523]

source of information: 1854 issues; Venable

bibliography:

• W. H. Venable. “Early Periodical Literature of the Ohio Valley,” part 5. Magazine of Western History 8 (Oct 1888): 523.

Schul- und Jugend-Zeitung (School and young people’s newspaper); about 1855

edited by: Carl Beyschlag

published: Cincinnati, OH: Carl Beyschlag.

description: German-language periodical

source of information: Arndt; Fraser

bibliography:

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

Sunday School Visitor ; 1855-1898? • The Children’s Visitor ; 1890s • The Visitor

edited by: L. D. Huston

published: Charleston, SC?

• Nashville, TN: Stevenson & Owen, for the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.

frequency: weekly • 1870, monthly

description: 1870: 8 pp.; page size, 27″ h x 20𔅃 w; price, 50¢

• Vol. 2, #9 is 1 Jan 1857

• Religious focus: Methodist Episcopal

continued by: Haversack (1922-1936) and Torchbearer (1922-1936)

source of information: Ladies’ ; OCLC; Batsel

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

• “Items, Literary, Scientific, and Religious.” The Ladies’ Repository 16 (March 1856): 186.

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 745. [google books]

The Children’s Book of Choice and Entertaining Reading for the Little Folks at Home (also, The Children’s Monthly Book) ; Jan 1855-April 1860

edited by: Jan 1855-1859, “Uncle Robin”; “Aunt Alice”

• 1860, George C. Connor

published: Nashville, TN: South-Western Publishing House, Graves, Marks & Co., Jan 1855-1860.

frequency: monthly

description: Jan-Dec 1855: 32 pp.; price, $1/ year

• Religious focus: Baptist

continued by: Youth’s Magazine ; April 1860-April 1861

source of information: Kelly; “Catalogue”; Nashville Directory ; Kenny

bibliography:

• “Catalogue of Publications of the South-Western Publishing House.” Published at end of Our Lord’s Great Prophecy, by D. D. Buck; Nashville, TN: South-Western Publishing House, Graves, Marks & Co., 1857. [google books]

• “Catalogue of Publications of the South-Western Publishing House.” Published at end of Campbellism Exposed, by A. P. Williams; Nashville, TN: South-Western Publishing House, 1860. [archive.org]

Nashville City and Business Directory, for 1860-61. Nashville, L. P. Williams & Co., 1860; p. 89. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 68. [google books]

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• Mary D. Manning. “ ‘Trust Not Appearances’: Admonitory Pieces from Two Tennessee Juvenile Periodicals of the 1850s.” University of Mississippi Studies in English. 5 (1984-1987): 131-139.

The Boys’ Daily JournalBoys’ Journal ; 1 May 1855-1857

edited by: Henry R. James, James W. Hopkins, and Charles R. Foster

published: Ogdensburg, NY: Henry R. James, James W. Hopkins, and Charles R. Foster

frequency: Daily Journal: daily (except Sunday); Boys’ Journal: weekly

relevant information: Material from the daily was collected into the weekly.

• The young publishers had previous experience as students of the Ogdensburg Academy, having helped publish the Morning Glory and Young America.

continued by: The Daily Journal (The Ogdensburg Journal) ; The Weekly Journal.

source of information: Coggeshall; Gazetteer ; French; WorldCat; AAS

bibliography:

• W. T. Coggeshall. The Newspaper Record. Philadelphia, PA: Lay & Brother, 1856; p. 39. [google books]

Gazetteer and Business Directory of St. Lawrence County, N. Y., for 1873-4, comp. Hamilton Child. Syracuse, NY: Journal office, 1873; p. 72. [google books]

• J. H. French. Gazetteer of the State of New York. Syracuse, NY: R. Pearsall Smith, 1860; note 14, p. 573. [google books]

The Pupil: A Monthly Treasury for School Children ; Oct 1855-March 1856?

cover/masthead: 1855

edited by: Asa Fitz

published: Boston, MA: Nathaniel L. Dayton; publisher at 20 Washington St.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 24 pp.; page size, 7.5″ h; price, 50¢/ year

relevant information: Descriptions of the magazine in the Harvard and New York Public Library online catalogs refer to a notice tipped into the last issue that with volume 2 the publisher would be changed to Higgins & Bradley.

• Issues may have been reprinted in 1856 as The Pupil’s Cabinet: A Treasury for Children, by Asa Fitz (Boston: Higgins and Bradley, 1856); the height of the book is the same as that of the magazine.

• The last issue listed in online catalogs is issue 5.

source of information: AASHistPer, series 4; WorldCat

available: AASHistPer, series 4

The Student and Schoolmate ; Nov 1855-1865 • The Student and Schoolmate, and Forrester’s Boy’s and Girl’s Magazine ; 1865-1866 • The Student and Schoolmate ; 1866-1871 • The Schoolmate ; 1872

cover/masthead: 1857 | 1862-1864 | 1867 | 1869

edited by: Nov 1855-1856, A. R. Phippen; Norman A. Calkins.

• 1856-1857, A. R. Pope; Norman A. Calkins

• 1857-1862, Norman A. Calkins; A. R. Pope, associate ed.

• 1858-1862, Norman A. Calkins; Francis Forrester (“Father Forrester”) & William T. Adams (“Oliver Optic”), associate ed.

• 1858-1862, Francis Forrester, associate ed.

• 1861-1864, William T. Adams.

• 1864-1872, Joseph H. Allen.

published: New York, NY: Calkins & Stiles, Nov 1855-July 1858; publisher at 348 Broadway, 1856-1858. New York, NY: N. A. Calkins, Aug 1858-June 1864; publisher at 348 Broadway, Aug 1858-Feb 1860; publisher at 135 Grand St., Jan 1861-April 1864; publisher at 130 Grand St., May-June 1864. New York, NY: Schermerhorn, Bancroft, & Co., Aug-Dec 1864. New York, NY: American News Co., Feb-Nov 1867.

• Boston, MA: James Robinson, Nov 1855-1856? Boston, MA: Robinson and Richardson, 1856-April 1857. Boston, MA: James Robinson & Co., June 1857-Oct 1859; publisher at 119 Washington St., 1857-Oct 1859. April 1858-Nov 1859, printed by George C. Rand & Avery, 3 Cornhill. Boston, MA: Robinson, Greene & Co., Nov 1859-Feb 1860; publisher at 120 Washington St., Nov 1859-Feb 1860. Boston, MA: Galen James & Co., 1861-1863; publisher at 15 Cornhill. Boston, MA: Joseph H. Allen, 1864-1872; publisher at 119 Washington St., 1864; publisher at 203 Washington St., 1867-1869.

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

• 1855-1857, vol begins in Nov & May; 1858-1872, vol begins in Jan & July

description: 1855-1864: 36 pp.; page size untrimmed, 8.5″ h x 5.75″ w; price, $1/ year

• 1867, 40 pp.; page size untrimmed, 9″ h x 6″ w. Price, 15¢ each; $1.50/ year

• 1869, title on cover: The Schoolmate ; 48 pp.; page size, 9″ h x 6″ w. Price, 15¢ each; $1.50/ year

• Circulation: 1870, 9,000

variations: Individual issues show a surprising number of differences.

• Sept 1857 issue apparently published in Boston marked “Vol 4, new series,” while the same issue apparently published in New York simply reads, “Vol 4”

• Copy of Oct 1858 issue numbered vol 6, #4 consists of pp. 109-144; another copy of Oct 1858 numbered vol 6, #6 consists of pp. 181-216

• Title on cover of Feb 1868 & April 1869 reads The Schoolmate

relevant information: Advertised as The Student and Schoolmaster in 1860 [The Independent 12 (5 Jan 1860): 7]

absorbed: Forrester’s Boys’ and Girls’ Magazine, and Fireside Companion ; Jan 1848-Dec 1857

source of information: 1857-1864, 1867, scattered issues; April 1869 issue; 1861-1871, bound volumes; Lyon; Kelly; Men Who Advertise

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

• excerpts in Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

excerpts online

bibliography:

• Notice. Prisoner's Friend 8 (1 Feb 1856): 165.

• Advertisement. The Independent 12 (5 Jan 1860): 7.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; pp. 31, 51. [google books]

• Notice. Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 16 (June 1863): 219.

• Notice. Urbana Union 2 (2 Sept 1863): 1, col 2.

• Notice. The Children’s Friend (West Chester, PA) 3 (Eleventh month 1868): 356. online

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 46. [archive.org]

• “Magazines for the Young.” Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 23 (Jan 1870): 37-38.

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 666. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 75. [archive.org]

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899): 133-6.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 224-228.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• James Marten. “For the Good, the True, and the Beautiful: Northern Children’s Magazines and the Civil War.” Civil War History 41 (March 1995): 57-75.

Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children’s Magazines, ed. James Marten. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.

Die Glocke (The bell) • Sonntagschul Glocke (Sunday-school bell); about 1856-1900?

edited by: 1872, H. Liebhart

published: Cincinnati, OH: L. Swormstedt & A. Poe, 1856-7 June 1860.

• Cincinnati, OH: A. Poe & L. Hitchcock, 14 June 1860-1865?

• Cincinnati, OH: Hitchcock & Walden, 1866?-July? 1880.

• Arndt lists later publishers

frequency: weekly • semimonthly, 1861, 1872

description: 4 pp.; large quarto

• 1857: price, 25¢/ year

• 1872: 4 pp.; page size, 21″ h x 15″ w; price, 40¢/ year

• Circulation: 1857, 8643. 1861, 14,500

• German-language periodical

• Religious focus: German Methodist Church

source of information: Arndt; Fraser; Kenny; Rowell; Ladies’ Repository

available: AAS series 5 (1876 only)

bibliography:

• “Editor’s Table: Business of the Western Book Concern.” The Ladies’ Repository 17 (April 1857): 256.

• “Literary Notices: Our Periodical Press.” The Ladies’ Repository 17 (Dec 1857): 757.

• “Literary, Scientific, and Statistical Items: Sunday School Periodicals.” The Ladies’ Repository 21 (May 1861): 313.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 56. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 140. [archive.org]

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

Der Christliche KinderzeitungChristliche Kinderfreund (Christian children’s friend); 1856-1876?

published: Cleveland, OH: W. F. Schneider, 1856?-after 1872

frequency: 1856-1860, monthly; 1861-1876, semimonthly

description: 4 pp.; small folio

• Circulation: 1861, 2,100

• German-language periodical

• Religious focus

relevant information: The ladies’ Repository, in 1861, lists the place of publication as Bremen.

source of information: Arndt; Fraser; Rowell; Ladies’ Repository

available: AASHistPer, series 5 (1876 only)

bibliography:

• “Literary, Scientific, and Statistical Items: Sunday School Periodicals.” The Ladies’ Repository 21 (May 1861): 313.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 141. [archive.org]

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

The Young Spectator ; 15 Third month (March)-24 Fifth month (May) 1856

edited by: Norwood Penrose Hallowell

published: Philadelphia, PA: Norwood Penrose Hallowell.

frequency: semimonthly

description: Page size, 11″ h

• 6 issues total

• Religious focus: Society of Friends (Quaker)

source of information: NUC; OCLC

Young America ; March 1856-after March 1858

edited by: 1856-1857, G. M. Dillworth • 1858, W. H. Whitehead

published: West Chester, PA: G. M. Dillworth, 1856-1857; at the “office of the Republican & Democrat, North High “treet, next door to Agricultural Warehouse” • West Chester, PA: S. L. Tucker, 1858.

frequency: monthly

description: 1856-Jan 1857: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 9.25″ h x 6.5″ w; price, 25¢/ year • 1857-1858: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 12″ h x 9.25″ w; price, 25¢/year

• Dec 1856 is vol 1 #9; May 1857 is vol 2 #2 (whole #14); March 1858 is vol 1 #12 (whole #24)

• May-July 1857 contains the only serial to appear in the periodical: “A Villain Foiled,” by D. C. M. F. X. V.

relevant quote: “In the local column of the Public Ledger, some time ago we noticed a very flashy, (that is to say it was calculated to attract much attention,) notice of a little monthly paper, like our own, called ‘The Young Examiner,’ was published by two boys, the eldest of whom was only seventeen. Now we do not feel inclined to envy these young men, but still, we do not think there is anything to very extraordinary about their publishing a paper, for there are two of them, and there is only one of us, and we too are only seventeen, and a leetle more. Some, we suppose, will say if you are only one, why do you use the plural in speaking of yourself. We mean, simply, me and my paper, thus making two. … The question is: ‘Is there anything so very remarkable in the fact, that two boys, in the city of Philadelphia, (where they certainly have greater advantages than we have, here in the country,) publish, “The Young Examiner,” [sic] when one boy, in the borough of West Chester, publishes “Young America ” ’ (And here permit us to say that this one boy sets all his own type and works off his own paper, on a hand press, besides writing editorials, selecting copy and doing all the etcetras which belong to the publishing of a newspaper.)” (May 1857, p. 3)

source of information: Dec 1856-March 1858, scattered issues (located in Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, PA); Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Children’s Banner ; 1857-after 1885

cover/masthead: 1867, 1869

edited by: 1867-1869, L. N. Stratton

• 1869-1870, Adam Crooks

• 1872: Adam Crooks; L. N. Stratton

published: Syracuse, NY: Adam Crooks, 1869-1872.

frequency: semimonthly: 1st & 3rd Wednesday

description: 1867-1869: 4 pp.; price, 35¢/ year

• 1869-1872: 4 pp.; page size, 20″ h x 14″ w; price, 1 copy, 30¢/ year

• 1885: 8 pp.

• Circulation: 1870, 7,500

• Religious focus: Methodist

relevant information: Listed as part of Centennial newspaper exhibition, 1876 [Centennial]

source of information: AASHistPer, series 5; Rowell; Centennial ; International

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 81. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 712. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; pp. 133-134. [archive.org]

Centennial Newspaper Exhibiton, 1876. NY: G. P. Rowell & Co., 1876.; p. 121; online at Making of America, Michigan

• S. N. D. North. History and Present Condition of the Newspaper and Periodical Press of the United States, with a Catalogue of the Publications of the Census Year [1880]. N. p.: n. p., n. d.; p. 304. [google books]

The International Cyclopedia. NY: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1885; vol 15, p. 359 [google books]

Der Lämmer-Hirte (also Der Lämmerhirt, Der Lämmer Hirte, Der Lammerhirte, Lammerherte, Laemmerhirte ) (Shepherd of the young); 1857-1940

edited by: 1857?-1875?, J. C. Beinhauer • 1864: Imanuel Boehringer • 1870-1872, C. Bank

published: Philadelphia, PA: August Pohlig & Co.; 1870-1872, office at 54 N. 6th St.

• Chambersburg, PA

• Cleveland, OH: Deutsches Verlagshaus.

All for the Deutsch-Reformirte Kirche in den Vereinigten Staaten

frequency: 1857-1875, monthly • 1875-1940, semimonthly

description: 4 pp. • German-language periodical

• 1864: Page size, 9.25″ h •

• 1866: Price, 40¢/ year

• 1870-1872: page size, 21″ h x 15″ w

• AAS copy is 15 April 1864, marked vol 2 #4

• OCLC describes a copy which is 15 volumes in one; beginning date is 1857; Arndt lists a beginning date of 1858, but questions it; therefore, I have listed the beginning date as 1857.

• Circulation: 1866, abt 4000; 1871, 9000; 1880, 7000

• Religious focus: German Reformed Church

relevant quotes: The form changed in Jan 1866: “The January and February numbers of this children’s monthly has been issued in its new form. The other numbers will now follow in due succession. Its friends will find it to be an advance on the former issue.” [German]

• Like most periodicals, it sometimes teetered on the brink of financial ruin, as the editor pointed out in 1866: “The question now remains to be settled, Shall it be sustained? We start with a subscription list of a little over four thousand. To cover expenses and insure its continuance, this number must be increased to at least twenty thousand.” [German]

absorbed: Der Morgenstern

source of information: OCLC; AAS catalog; Arndt; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “The ‘Laemmerhirte.’ ” German Reformed Messenger 31 (14 Feb 1866): 2.

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 735. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 162. [archive.org]

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

Republication of Parley’s Magazine ; 1857

edited by: “Uncle Stephen”

published: New York, NY: Edward H. Fletcher; publisher at 29 Ann St.

frequency: “monthly”: my bound copy apparently has 24 issues, with 8 issues in volume 1 and 16 issues in vol 2.

description: 16 pp.; page size, 9″ h x 5.25″ w; price, 10¢/ each, $1/ year in advance

• Stereotyped pages from the original Parley’s Magazine were reprinted inside elaborate borders which enlarge the page size to match that of other children’s magazines of the 1850s. In the bound volume, unnumbered pages containing editorial material are added to individual issues.

relevant quotes:

• “It is gratifying to observe that in these times of financial trouble and difficulty, the periodical literature of land [sic] suffers no more. … Uncle Stephen greets some new acquaintance every month, and though our magazine commences in times of adversity, yet it steadily gains its way.” [“Editorial.” (Nov?): np]

• “This Magazine is just what its title purports:—1st. A re-print of the old Parley’s Magazine excepting some articles of a temporary or local character, relating to the time when they were published: 2nd. New Matter, Editorials, &c., by the present Editor (’Uncle Stephen.’) That Parley’s Magazine was the best work of the kind that has ever been published is so palpable as to need no demonstration. In re-editing, every thing valuable in ‘modern improvement,’ will be availed of, and a work presented that on the whole shall give back to the subscribers a full equivalent for his little outlay.” [title page] The final product is a quilt of 20-year-old material ham-handedly fitted together, with a few pieces from the 1850s added.

• “Uncle Stephen feels gratified by the success of the Magazine. The publisher has been obliged to re-print the September number, which he was very happy to do.” [“Our Prospects.” 1 (Oct): np)

source of information: bound volume

Pioneer ; 1857-1858

edited by: W. G. Reed; J. B. Gardner

published: Roxbury, CT

description: 3 volumes

source of information: Lyon

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 147.

Young ReaperThe Young Reaper ; Jan 1857-1908?

cover/masthead: 1857 | 1859, 1861-1864 | 1865-1868 | 1869-1871

edited by: B. Griffith • B. Griffith and A. E. Dickinson, Jan 1871-?

published: Philadelphia, PA: American Baptist Publication Society, Jan 1857-1908? 1857, publisher at 118 Arch St.; 1869-1871, publisher at 530 Arch St. • Boston, MA: American Baptist Publication Society, 1857; publisher at 79 Cornhill. • New York, NY: American Baptist Publication Society, 1869-1871; publisher at 76 E. Ninth St. • Chicago, IL: American Baptist Publication Society, 1869-1871; July-Aug 1869, publisher at 38 Lombard Block; Sept 1869-March 1871, publisher at 7 Custom House Place • St. Louis, MO: American Baptist Publication Society, 1869-1871; publisher at 209 N. Ninth St.

frequency: 1857, monthly • later, monthly & semimonthly • 1 vol/ year

description: 1857: 4 pp.; page size, 15″ h x 10.5″ w. Prices: 1-19 copies, 13¢ each/ year; 20-49 copies, 10¢ each/ year; 50-99 copies, 9¢ each/ year; 100+ copies, 8¢ each/ year

• 1859: 4 pp.; page size, 13.75″ h x 10″ w. Prices: semimonthly: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 10-49 copies, 10¢ each/ year; 10-99 copies, 9¢ each/ year; 100+ copies, 8¢ each/ year. monthly: 10 copies, $1/ year; 15 copies, $1.50/ year; 20 copies, $2/ year

• 1861: price, 25¢

• 1869-1872: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 14″ h x 10″ w. Prices: monthly: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 10+ copies, 12¢/ year. semimonthly: 1 copy, 75¢/ year; 10+ copies, 24¢/ year

• Circulation: 1857, 50,000/ month. 1870, 300,000

• Religious focus: Baptist

relevant information: Like most religious publications, the Reaper wasn’t intended to make a profit: “[T]he Society publishes this paper at cost. After much gratuitous labor, if it can be made to pay for itself, we ask no more. But it will not do this without a large increase in its circulation. Our estimate of its expenses is based upon the issue of 100,000 copies. … As this is the only Baptist Sabbath-school paper in the country, we desire to make it all that our schools can ask, and we solicit in return their patronage.” [“A Word to Our Friends.” May 1857: 18.]

continues: The Young Reaper (Jan 1844-1856): “The Young Reaper, [a] beautiful Sabbath School Paper for youth, will be issued on the first of January next in a new and greatly improved style, by the American Bapsist [sic] Publication Society.” [Advertisement. Christian Secretary 35 (26 Dec 1856): 3]

source of information: 1857, 1859, 1869-1871 scattered issues; Missionary Magazine ; OCLC; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Christian Secretary 35 (26 Dec 1856): 3.

• “American Baptist Publication Society.” The Missionary Magazine 37 (Sept 1857): 346.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; pp. 31, 65. [google books]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 735. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 161. [archive.org]

• J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia, PA: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884; vol 3, p. 2026. [google books]

Youth’s Cabinet and Little Joker ; April 1857-after June 1857

cover/masthead: 1857

edited by: “Uncle Ezekiel Loveyouth” [Joseph F. Witherell]

published: Dexter, ME

frequency: monthly; “the first of every month”

description: 4 pp.; folio; page size untrimmed, 15.25″ h x 10.75″ w. Price: 25¢/ year • Pages in the June 1857 issue are not numbered

relevant quote: “The Youth’s Cabinet & Little Joker [i]s a first class Juvenile Paper, devoted to pure and elegant literature, presented in a form adapted to the tastes and capacities of youth. Each number will contain a carefully selected and tastefully arranged Melange of Tales, Sketches, Poetry, Essays, Enigmas, Puzzles, Editorials, &c. &c. And as “A little nonsense now and then,/ Is relished by the best of men,” we conclude it will not be repugnant to the literary palates of our young friends, we shall, therefore, devote a portion of the paper to Anecdotes, Wit, Humor, &c.” [“The Youth’s Cabinet & Little Joker.” Youth’s Cabinet and Little Joker. 1 (June 1857): 4]

relevant information:

• Witherell edited Uncle Ezekiel’s Youth’s Cabinet (May 1844-15 March 1846?), published in Concord, New Hampshire. After moving his family to Maine, Witherell opened a printing shop and published The Gem and Literary Gazette for adults. In 1857, the front page of the Gem bore an amusing resemblance to that of the Cabinet, with the same borders, the same font in the masthead, and the same “Poet’s Boudoir” at the top of column one.

• Regularly advertised in the Gem in 1857, the Cabinet is not mentioned in issues for 1859; probably it had folded.

• “The Little Joker” was a regular column in The Gem and Literary Gazette.

• The names and addresses of subscribers were published in each issue. The 100 subscribers listed in the June 1857 issue were mostly from Maine; a handful of subscribers were from Massachusetts, and one was from Grand Rapids, Michigan.

• New subscribers were promised a veritable avalanche of premiums, distributed in a complex method. Premiums included “Ten Bound Volumes Little Joker” (an illustrated collection of humorous stories which may have appeared originally in the Gem), “Ten Bound Volumes Youth’s Cabinet” (a 92-page collection of stories, poems, and other pieces which may have appeared earlier in Uncle Ezekiel’s Youth’s Cabinet), and one year of The Schoolfellow. Unfortunately for Witherell, the Schoolfellow merged with Robert Merry’s Museum in September 1857.

source of information: June 1857 issue; scrapbook & vertical file articles, & pieces in The Gem and Literary Gazette, at the Dexter Historical Society, Dexter, Maine

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Maine Farmer 25 (16 April 1857): 3.

Clark’s School Visitor ; 1 April 1857-1866 • Our Schoolday Visitor ; 1867-1870 • The Schoolday Visitor Magazine ; 1871-Nov 1872 • The Schoolday Magazine ; Dec 1872-15 April 1875

cover/masthead: 1869 | 1872

edited by: 1 April 1857-1868, Alexander Clark.

• 1867, William Clark (“Uncle Charlie”); Emily R. Freeman.

• 1868-April 1875, William Clark; Mr. J. W. Daughaday; Mr. J. A. Becker; Alice Hawthorne (music dept.)

published: Steubenville, OH.

• Cleveland, OH.

• Jeddo, OH, 1861.

• Pittsburgh, PA.

• Philadelphia, PA: J. W. Daughaday, 1860-1875; 1867, publisher at 1308 Chestnut St.
Philadelphia, PA: Daughaday & Becker, 1869; publisher at 424 Walnut St.
Philadelphia, PA: J. W. Daughaday & Co., 1872; publisher at 434 and 436 Walnut St.

frequency: monthly

description: 1860: 8 pp. 1864: 16 pp.; octavo; price, 50¢/ year.

• 1867: 32 pp.; price, $1.25/ year

• 1869: 32 pp.; page size untrimmed, 10″ h x 7″ w; price, $1.25/ year

• Circulation: 1870, 20,000; 1872, 15,000

relevant quotes: Changes in the Vistor for 1867: “ENLARGEMENT.—That very popular young people’s magazine, ‘Clark’s School Visitor,’ has been enlarged to double its former size, and otherwise materially improved. ‘Our Schoolday Visitor,’ now entering upon the eleventh year of its publication, richly merits the very liberal patronate it will everywhere receive.” [“Our Schoolday Visitor.” American Phrenological Journal 45 (Jan 1867): 30]

• At least one editor felt that Clark was radical: “Mr. Clark is a preacher and editor in Pittsburg, a thorough radical in its scriptural meaning, making his journal, The Schoolday Visitor, a vehicle of the most advanced claims of the day ….” [Review of The Gospel in the Trees. Zion’s Herald 46 (9 July 1868): 329]

• On the final name change: “Hereafter our Magazine will be known as THE SCHOOLDAY MAGAZINE, instead of THE SCHOOLDAY VISITOR MAGAZINE, as heretofore. This change has been made in order to distinguish our publication more clearly, from the numerous ‘VISITORS’ that are now being published. It has not been decided upon hastily, but upon mature consideration, and after calling a council of many of the ‘VISITOR’S’ most devoted friends. The new name is only a modification of the old, and is shorter, more euphonious and more easily remembered. It tells at once, without explanation, as with the old precisely what our periodical claims to be, a Magazine for the schooldays, a period that reaches from the time we lisp our ‘first lessons’ by a mother’s knee until we go out to take our places in the business of life. A magazine, not for the school only, but for the home circle as well. [“A Special Word.” 16 (Dec 1872): 335.]

relevant information:

• Stephen Foster, “the well known song writer,” is listed as a “regular musical contributor” in 1861. [Advertisement. The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 8 (Dec 1861): 390]

• In 1872, an engraving of “Uncle Charlie” was made available as a premium for subscribers; a copy of the engraving was printed on page 331 of the December 1872 issue.

absorbed by: St. Nicholas ; Nov 1873-Feb 1940, 1943

source of information: 1869, 1870, 1872 scattered issues; American Phrenological Journal ; Youth’s Companion ; Kenny; Lyon; ; Rowell; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

• Notice. Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 12 (Nov 1859): 442.

• “Book Notices.” The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 7 (Feb 1860): 64.

• Advertisement. The Youth’s Companion 34 (15 March 1860): 43.

• Advertisement. The Youth’s Companion 34 (27 Sept 1860): 155.

• Advertisement. The Independent (15 Nov 1860): 8.

• Advertisement. The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 8 (Dec 1861): 390.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 57. [google books]

• Advertisement. American Phrenological Journal 36 (Dec 1862): 134.

• “Book Notices.” The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 10 (Jan 1863): 30.

• “Alexander Clark.” American Phrenological Journal 37 (April 1863): 85.

• Advertisement. American Phrenological Journal 37 (April 1863): 94.

• “Book Notices.” Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 16 (June 1863): 220.

• Advertisement. The Liberator 34 (1 Jan 1864): 3.

• “Literary Notices.” American Educational Monthly 1 (March 1864): 96.

• “Book Notices.” The Connecticut Common School Journal and Annals of Education 11 (July 1864); 219.

• Advertisement. The Round Table 4 (17 Nov 1866): 250.

• “Our Schoolday Visitor.” American Phrenological Journal 45 (Jan 1867): 30.

• Advertisement. Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine 74 (Jan 1867): 105.

• Advertisement. Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine 76 (Jan 1868): 109.

• Review of The Gospel in the Trees. Zion’s Herald 46 (9 July 1868); 329.

• Advertisement. Scientific American 20 (7 Oct 1868); 239.

• Advertisement. The Independent 21 (28 Oct 1869): 6.

• “The Publishers’ Department.” Herald of Health 15 (Jan 1870): 48.

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 736. [google books]

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 43 (21 Nov 1872): 5.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 162. [archive.org]

• Sheldon Emmor Davis. Educational Periodicals During the Nineteenth Century, Bureau of Education Bulletin no. 28. Washington, DC: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education, 1919; p. 97. [archive.org]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 229-235.

The Child’s Magazine ; May 1857-April 1858

cover/masthead: 1857-1858

edited by: Mary Bartol

published: Portland, ME: George R. Davis & Bro., 1857-1858; printed Ira Berry, Corner Fore & Exchange Streets

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year; volume begins with May issue

description: 36 pp.; page size untrimmed, 8″ h x 5″ w; price, $1/ year in advance

relevant quote: Prospectus: “The Child’s Magazine is offered to the Public, in the hope that its aim may be successful. The Editor will strive to present, in its pages, articles of a serious and agreeable nature, such as may attract the fancy and fix the attention of the young. Stories, miscellaneous matter, and anecdotes of animals will appear in its numbers. In the former will be given examples of moral principle, as applied to daily, practical life; in the miscellany will be offered what may be gleaned from the stores of wise minds, both of the past and present age; and in anecdotes of animals, will be illustrated, in the department of Natural History, that wonderful system of Divine Providence which ‘careth for the sparrow’ and ‘clothes the lilies of the field.’ … Subscriptions may be addressed to Ira Berry, Printer, corner Fore and Exchange Streets, Portland.” [vol 1; back cover]

source of information: Nov 1857 issue; Feb 1858 issue; Lyon; AAS catalog; NYPL catalog

bibliography:

• Notice. The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal 17 (May 1857): 368.

• Review. The North American Review 85 (July 1857): 277.

• “Editor’s Table.” Maine Farmer 26 (22 April 1858): 2.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 147.

Boys’ Monthly Gazette ; May 1857-April 1858?

edited by: James H. Lee

published: Charleston, MA: James H. Lee.

description: Page size, 7″ h

source of information: OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

Young America ; June 1857-after June 1858?

edited by: John Hageman

published: Cincinnati, OH: John Hageman.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 11.75″ h

source of information: OCLC

The Catholic Youth’s Magazine ; Sept 1857-Aug 1861

edited by: Martin J. Kerney

published: Baltimore, MD: J. Murphy. Baltimore, MD: John Murphy & Co.; 1861, publisher at 182 Baltimore St.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1857: 32 pp.; page size, 6″ h x 4.5″ w

• Religious focus: Catholic

relevant quotes: The magazine was designed to counteract the “pernicious” influence of Protestant periodicals: “In presenting to the public a Magazine designed for the use of Catholic youth, it is unnecessary to enlarge on the manifold reasons which demand its publication. Every one conversant with the spirit of the times, and the strenuous efforts which are made to pervert the minds of Catholic youth and to draw them from the Church, will readily admit its importance. Those especially having charge of youth, have experienced the want of such a periodical, and have earnestly solicited its publication. They have witnessed with regret, that while the children of other denominations have been abundantly supplied with Sunday school journals, magazines, and other periodicals adapted to their age, no similar works have been provided for Catholic youth. In this respect we should not permit our neighbors to surpass us. Catholic youth should have a work which they could call their own; one which they would prize, and whose periodical visits they would look forward to with pleasure.” [“Introduction.” 1 (Sept 1857): 1] The publisher was more blunt as the periodical closed: “Mr. Kerney [the editor] had long harbored the desire of seeing his young countrymen enjoying the benefits to be derived from a periodical suitable to their wants and the exigency of the times. Among the millions of beautifully printed and illustrated children’s magazine scattered over the country by the Protestant press both of England and the United States, he saw nothing that he could recommend to a Catholic family. They were excellent in many respects, but their bigotry, misrepresentation and ignorance on Catholic subjects, rendered them extremely dangerous to the youthful, unsuspecting, but inquiring mind. Mr. Kerney felt it to be a duty incumbent on every Catholic of literary pretensions, to do something towards counteracting the influence of such publication, and of others still more pernicious.” [“Preface to Volume IV.” 4 (Aug 1861): iii]

• The publisher described the magazine as the very essence of Catholicism: “[I]t was to be pervaded by a reverential and loving spirit, a geniality of sentiment, a happy hopefulness, and a broad, warm charity, all so redolent of Catholicity,—in fact, the very essence of the divine old Faith, which, while fully satisfying the head, never fails to fill the heart with active sympathy for our fellow creatures of every race and of every clime.” [“Preface to Volume IV.” 4 (Aug 1861): iv]

• The Youth’s Magazine folded for a variety of reasons: “With this number we close the Fourth Volume of our little Magazine, and we regret to add that, owing to the death of the Editor, and to the lamentable difficulties under which our beloved country is just now laboring, we are compelled to suspend its further publication for the present.” There was, however, another reason not unfamiliar to publishers of early American periodicals for children: money. Like Spare Hours (Jan-Dec 1866), the Youth’s Magazine was disappointed that Protestant periodicals succeeded where Catholic periodicals failed: “[C]andor compels us to add that, considering the surprisingly low price, (50 cents a year,) at which the work has been issued, we should not have been at all surprised at finding four times the number of names on our subscription list, though even then it would have hardly done more than paid expenses. It was the only publication of the kind in the English language, and the cost was not quite one cent a week!” [“Preface to Volume IV.” 4 (Aug 1861): iv]

• The publisher was, however, hopeful: “As soon as some happy turn (which we pray Providence to hasten,) in our country’s difficulties shall make a revival of the Book-Trade, now so terribly depressed, probable, the publication of our llittle Magazine will be resumed on the same plan as heretofore, and if not with the same ability as was displayed by our lamented and highly esteemed friend [Kerney], at least with the same determination to render it worthy of being welcomed into the bosom of every Catholic family throughout our land.” [“Preface to Volume IV.” 4 (Aug 1861): iv]

relevant information: Secondary sources have had a bizarre difficulty with the magazine’s name: 1860, referred to as “The Catholic Youth's Monthly” [Schem; p. 72]; 1866, referred to as the “Youth's Catholic Magazine”; 1869, referred to as “The Youth's Magazine”; 1912, referred to as “Child’s Youth’s Magazine.”

source of information: 1857-1861 vols; AAS catalog; OCLC; Burns

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• Alexander J. Schem. The American Ecclesiastical Year-Book. NY: H. Dayton, 1860; vol 1, p. 72. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 27. [google books]

• Notice. Brownson’s Quarterly Review 2 (April 1861): 275.

• Notice of Spare Hours. The Catholic World 2 (Feb 1866): 718.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 43. [archive.org]

• J. A. Burns. The Growth and Development of the Catholic School System in the United States. NY: Benziger Brothers, 1912; p. 140. [google books]

• Eleanor Weakley Nolen. “Nineteenth Century Children’s Magazines.” The Horn Book Magazine. 15 (January/February 1939): 55-60.

The Young American ; 7 Oct 1857-1 Sept 1858

edited by: W. G. Wilson

published: Brookline, MA: Sampson & Phillips.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 11″ h • Newspaper format

source of information: NUC; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

The Excelsior ; 1858

edited by: W. L. Richardson; G. B. Kettell

published: Boston, MA: S. H. Porter, 1858.

frequency: biweekly

description: newspaper format; vol 1, #7 is 1 June 1858

merged with: Young America Monthly Magazine (Jan-Dec 1858) to form Young America and Excelsior ; Feb-April 1859?

source of information: OCLC

The Orphans’ Friend ; 1858-after 1882

edited by: 1866, Mrs. J. W. Wilkie

published: Auburn, NY: Cayuga County Orphan Asylum Board of Managers, 1866. • Auburn, NY: Cayuga Asylum for Destitute Children, 1882.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: May 1866 is vol 9 #4; March 1882 is vol 25 #3

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 5

The Sparkling Fount ; 1858-

published: Boston, MA: McCurdy & Weston

description: Page size, 9.25″ h

• Temperance focus

source of information: AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 4

The Young Christian Soldier ; 1858-1881?

edited by: 1869-1872, 1875-1876, A. T. Twing

published: New York, NY: Domestic Missions, Protestant Episcopal Church; 1869-1872, publisher at 17 Bible House.

frequency: weekly & monthly editions

description: Page size, 15.25″ h. 1869-1872: 8 pp.; size, 21″ x 30″; price, 50¢

• Religious focus: Protestant Episcopal

source of information: AAS catalog; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 78. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 708. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 129. [archive.org]

Sargent’s School Monthly ; Jan-Dec 1858

edited by: Epes Sargent

published: Boston, MA: Epes Sargent; publisher at 289 Washington St., 1858?

frequency: monthly

description: page size, 9.75″ h

merged with: Forrester’s Playmate ; 1854-1867

relevant quotes:

• One editor took Sargent’s to task for its accuracy, while giving advice and cheering on the magazine: “ ‘Sargent’s School Monthly,’ for July, repeats the story of William Tell, as if it had not been blown sky-high at Cambridge, and its historical truth discarded. It is a good feature to introduce articles for declamation. The journal is spirited, tasteful, and morally sound, and we bid it a hearty God-speed.” [“Recent Pamphlets.” Christian Register 12 (21 Aug 1858): 1]

• On the end of the magazine: “Epes Sargent, Esq., recently editor and publisher of Sargent’s School Monthly, having transferred that work to us, will become a contributor to the pages of the Playmate during the coming year. It is but justice to say, that his popularity as a writer for the young will add greatly to the value of our Magazine.” [Forrester’s Playmate 9 (Dec 1858): 189]

relevant information: The contents for the May 1858 issue was published in The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal (19 [May 1858]: 5).

source of information: Massachusetts Teacher ; Lyon; OCLC; Forrester’s Playmate

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “Books Received During the Month of December.” Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of Home and School Education 11 (Jan 1858): 40.

• Advertisement. The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal 19 (May 1858): 5.

• “Recent Pamphlets.” Christian Register 12 (21 Aug 1858): 1.

• Notice. Forrester’s Playmate. 9 (Dec 1858); p. 189.

• Sheldon Emmor Davis. Educational Periodicals During the Nineteenth Century, Bureau of Education Bulletin no. 28. Washington, DC: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education, 1919; p. 98. [archive.org]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; p. 147.

Young America Monthly Magazine ; Jan-Dec 1858

published: Boston, MA: Richardson & Andrews.

• Boston, MA: W. G. Reed & J. B. Gardner.

• Boston, MA: Israel Moody. • Boston, MA: Richardson & Reed. [from NUC]

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 7.5″ h

merged with: The Excelsior (1858) to form Young America and Excelsior ; Feb-April 1859?

source of information: AAS catalog; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

Young People’s Monthly ; 15 July-Dec 1858

edited by: Martha M. Thomas

published: Cincinnati, OH: J. K. Alpaugh, 15 July-Dec 1858.

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 9.75″ h; price, $1/ year

source of information: Ladies’ Repository ; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “Literary Notices.” The Ladies’ Repository 18 (Sept 1858): 570.

Band of Hope Visitor ; 1859

published: Rockland, ME: Z. Pope Vose.

frequency: monthly

description: AAS has proposal: 25¢/ year in advance

• Temperance focus

• Apparently never published

source of information: AAS catalog

The Pastor's Helper ; Jan 1859-June 1865 • The Child's Treasury ; July 1865-after 1903

edited by: George B. Russell, 1859-1865 • Henry Harbaugh, 1865-1866 • Rev. Whitmer, 1871 • Darius William Gerhard, 1888-after 1903

published: Pittsburgh, PA: George B. Russell, 1859-June 1865.

• Philadelphia, PA: S. R. Fisher & Co., July 1865-after 1867; 1865, publisher at 54 N. 6th St.

• Philadelphia, PA: Board of Publication of the Reformed Church, 1869-1872; publisher at 54 N. 6th St.

• Lancaster County, PA: Darius William Gerhard, 1888-after 1903.

frequency: 1859-1871, monthly. 1872-after 1878, monthly & semimonthly

description: 1869-1872: 4 pp.; page size, 21″ h x 15″ w/p>

• Price: 1863, 25 copies: $4/ year. 1865, 10 copies, $2/ year; 25 copies, $4.50/ year. 1867, 1 copy, 40¢/ year. 1872, 10 copies, $3.50/ year; 25 copies, $8/ year. 1878: monthly, 1 copy, 40¢/ year; 10 copies, $2/ year; 25 copies, $4.50/ year. semimonthly, 1 copy, 75¢/ year; 10 copies, $3.50/ year; 25 copies, $8/ year

• Circulation: abt 1865, 14,000. 1867, over 20,000

• Religious focus: German Reformed Church

relevant quotes:

• The Helper was popular, but it may have been a bit above its intended audience: “It had held high rank from the first—some thought too high. Elder Santee, for instance, said it was a good paper, but put the feed too high up in the rack for the lambs.” [Russell; p. 146]

• George Russell points out that, unusually for a juvenile periodical, the Helper made money: “It was thought to be a wild venture, the first, and for years the only, English S. S. paper in the Reformed Church. It paid its own way from the first; but for some years of high prices during the war it was not profitable. The [p. 146] price of good printing paper was then twenty-two cents per pound, such as is now [in 1908] less than one-fourth of that cost. … Its regular circulation while issued by me went up to 14,000 a month, and began to pay for the earlier unprofitable years.” [Russell; p. 145-146]

• Russell blames that profitability for his losing control of the paper: ”[A]fter its success of seven years, the Eastern Board of Publication began to see what was in it. They then very innocently (?) asked me to turn it over to them,, without money and without price, and gently (?) threatened also that if this were not done, they would start their own S. S. paper; which would of course surely cripple the Pastor’s Helper, and make both unprofitable. Without remedy to me, and with no offered remuneration for my past risk and unpaid labor for its seven years, they simply forced the transfer; and without any consideration for the deal.” [Russell; p. 146]

• On the name change: “ ‘The Pastor’s Helper’ has served its day, having done, as we believe, a noble and most excellent work, for which its projector and publisher deserves the graditude of the Church. A new name, however, is demanded for the new circumstances, under which its existence is to be continued. Have we done rightly in yielding to expressed wishes in this direction? We trust we have. Our new name is the result of much inquiry and consideration, and will, we think, be found expressive and appropriate. It will give the paper a place amongst the various publications of the same general character, already issued.” [“The Child’s Treasury.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (19 July 1865): 2.]

• Despite the Treasury ‘s purported popularity, to the apparent dismay of the publishers, “several hundred” copies of the July 1865 issue were still available in Oct 1865. [“Our Child’s Paper”]

• When, after years of requests, the Treasury added a semimonthly edition, the realities of printing the paper affected how subscribers got it: “As the paper is small, we are obliged to print to numbers on one sheet. Hence, as the monthly, issued as heretofore, forms the first number in each month of the semi-monthly, two of these are printed together. To save expense, they are also sent out in one package. All the subscribers, both the monthly and semi-monthly, will receive this number. Two of the intervening numbers, for the 15th of the month, will also be issued and sent out together. The semi-monthly subscribers only will receive these numbers. This explanation seems to be necessary, because some of the semi-monthly subscribers do not seem to understand, why they get the two numbers for the first of the month at the same time, and not the intermediate numbers also.” [“The Child’s Treasury.” Reformed Church Messenger 38 (17 Jan 1872): 4.]

source of information: Rowell; Russell; Bomberger; Biographical Annals ; Freedley; notices & advertisements (see below)

available: AASHistPer, series 5 (1876 issue only)

bibliography:

• “The Pastor’s Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 24 (12 Jan 1859): 2.

• “The Pastor’s Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 24 (9 March 1859): 2.

• “Our Sunday School Papers.” German Reformed Messenger 24 (11 May 1859): 2.

• “ ‘The Pastor’s Helper.’ ” German Reformed Messenger 24 (18 May 1859): 3.

• J. H. A. Bomberger. Five Year’s Ministry in the German Reformed Church. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1860; p. 70. [google books]

• Alexander J. Schem. The American Ecclesiastical Year-Book. NY: H. Dayton, 1860; vol 1, p. 57. [google books]

• “ ‘The Pastor’s Helper.’ ” German Reformed Messenger 25 (18 Jan 1860): 3.

• “A Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 26 (10 July 1861): 2.

• “The Pastor’s Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 27 (1 Jan 1862): 3.

• Advertisement. German Reformed Messenger 28 (18 March 1863): 3.

• “The Pastor’s Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 28 (25 March 1863): 1.

• “The Pastor’s Helper—Vol. VII.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (11 Jan 1865): 3.

• “The Pastor’s Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (28 June 1865): 2.

• “The Pastor’s Helper.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (12 July 1865): 2.

• “The Child’s Treasury.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (19 July 1865): 2.

• “Write for The Child’s Treasury.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (16 Aug 1865): 2.

• Advertisement. German Reformed Messenger 30 (23 Aug 1865): 4.

• “The Child’s Treasury.” German Reformed Messenger 30 (23 Aug 1865): 2.

• “Child’s Treasury.” German Reformed Messenger 31 (20 Sept 1865): 3.

• “Our Child’s Paper.” German Reformed Messenger 31 (4 Oct 1865): 2.

• “Partnership and Sole-Ownership.” German Reformed Messenger 31 (11 Oct 1865): 2.

• “The Child’s Treasury in Families.” German Reformed Messenger 31 (3 Jan 1866): 2.

• “Is It Right?” German Reformed Messenger 31 (3 Jan 1866): 2.

• “Is It Possible!” German Reformed Messenger 31 (23 May 1866): 3.

• Edwin T. Freedley. Philadelphia and Its Manufactures … in 1867. Philadelphia: Edward Young & Co., 1867; p. 173. [archive.org]

• “Notices of Periodicals.” German Reformed Messenger 32 (3 July 1867): 3.

• Notice of death of Henry Harbaugh. Reformed Church Messenger 33 (15 Jan 1868): 4.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869. [archive.org]

• “Martinsburg, PA.” Reformed Church Messenger 34 (20 Jan 1869): 5.

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870. [google books]

• “The ‘Child—s Treasury.’ ” Reformed Church Messenger 37 (4 Jan 1871): 4.

• G. “The Children—s Paper.” Reformed Church Messenger 37 (4 Jan 1871): 5.

• “The Child’s Treasury.” Reformed Church Messenger 37 (18 Oct 1871): 1.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872. [archive.org]

• “The Child’s Treasury.” Reformed Church Messenger 38 (17 Jan 1872): 4.

• Advertisement. Messenger 47 (25 Dec 1878): 5.

• S. R. Fisher. “History of the Publication Efforts of the German Reformed Church.” Reformed Quarterly Review 1 (Jan 1885): 85-86, 90. [google books]

Appletons’ Cyclopaedia of American Biography, ed. James Grant Wilson and John Fiske. NY: D. Appleton and Company, 1887; vol 3: 76-77.

Biographical Annals of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. N.p.: J. H. Beers & Co., 1903; pp. 55-56. [archive.org]

• George B. Russell. Four Score and More. Philadelphia: Heidelberg Press, 1908; pp. 145-147. [google books]

The Maine Spectator (also The Spectator) ; Jan 8-June 1859

edited by: Z. Pope Vose

published: Rockland, ME: Z. Pope Vose

frequency: weekly: Saturday

description: Price, $1/ year

• Last issue located is 11 June 1859

relevant information: Vose appears to have had trouble getting subscribers: one advertisement lists the date of first issue as 13 Nov 1858. [“Newspaporial.” Maine Farmer 26 (21 Oct 1858): 2]

relevant quote: Like many children’s periodicals of the time, the Spectator had a column for letters from subscribers: “The ‘Stairway,’ the department of the paper designed to receive communications from its young readers, is meeting with much favor among the boys and girls. Such a paper has certainly better claims upon the people of Maine than the flash literature which floods us from abroad.” [“A Paper for the Young Folks.” Maine Farmer 27 (7 April 1859): 2]

source of information: Maine Farmer ; Eaton; description, Newspaper Archives, Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine, Orono, ME

bibliography:

• “Newspaporial.” Maine Farmer 26 (21 Oct 1858): 2.

• Proposal. Maine Farmer 27 (13 Jan 1859): 3. (Includes typographical error: “Jan. 8, 1858” should read “Jan. 8, 1859”)

• “A Paper for the Young Folks.” Maine Farmer 27 (7 April 1859): 2.

• “Notices of Books.” Maine Teacher 1 (May 1859): 378; copy at archive.org.

• Cyrus Eaton. History of Thomaston, Rockland, and South Thomaston, Maine. Hallowell: Masters, Smith & Co., 1865; vol 2, p. 33; copy online at Making of America.

Children’s Friend ; 1859-1873?

published: Nashville, TN

description: Page size, 13.75″ h • Religious focus: Baptist

frequency: monthly

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC; Kenny

bibliography:

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 68. [google books]

Die Taube (The dove); 1859-1862

edited by: A. O. Brickmann

published: Baltimore, MD: A. O. Brickmann.

frequency: monthly

description: Religious focus: Swedenborgian

• German-language periodical

source of information: Arndt; Fraser

bibliography:

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

What Not ; 1859-1860

edited by: J. L. Brown

published: Bowdoinham, ME

source of information: Lyon

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 148.

Boys and Girls Own Magazine ; Jan 1859-Dec 1861

published: New York, NY: William L. Jones; in 1860, at 152 Sixth Ave.

frequency: monthly

description: Price, 75¢/ year. Page size, 7.75″ h

source of information: Lyon; OCLC; “Pamphlets”

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• “Pamphlets Received.” New York Evangelist 31 (19 July 1860): 8.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 49. [google books]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 148.

The Sunday-School Banner ; Jan 1859-Dec 1861

cover/masthead: 1859

edited by: John S. Hart

published: Philadelphia, PA: American Sunday School Union; publisher at 1122 Chestnut St., 1859

frequency: weekly, semimonthly, monthly, & 3 times/ month editions; 1 vol/ year

description: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 12.5″ h x 9.5″ w

• Prices, 1 copy, mailed: weekly, 50¢/ year; monthly, 13¢/ year; semimonthly, 25¢/ year; 3 times a month, 38¢/ year. 1 copy collected at the publisher or a Sunday-School Union depository: 1¢

• Religious focus

relevant quote: The Banner was a less expensive version of The Youth’s Sunday-School Gazette: “The Sunday-School Banner … [is] printed on less expensive paper than the [Youth’s Sunday-School] Gazette, but containing a portion of the cuts and matter of the Gazette, with other matter of its own.” [1 (April 1859): 4]

merged with Youth’s Penny GazetteThe Youth’s Sunday-School Gazette (also The Youth’s Sunday School Gazette) (11 Jan 1843-1861) and continued by Child’s WorldYouth’s World (1862-after 1884) • Baptist Teacher for Sunday-School Workers (for adults)

source of information: 1859 scattered issues; Danvill Quarterly Review ; Scharf; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 29 (16 Dec 1858): 7.

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 30 (13 Jan 1859): 7.

• Advertisement. New York Observer and Chronicle 39 (3 Jan 1861): 7.

• Advertisement for The Child’s World. The Danville Quarterly Review 1 (Dec 1861): 3.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; pp. 31, 48, 65. [google books]

• J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia, PA: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884; vol 3, p. 2014. [google books]

Youth’s Evangelist • The Youth’s Evangelist ; Jan 1859-1930?

cover/masthead: 1859-1862 | 1865

edited by: 1860-after Feb 1861, R. H. Pollock & G. W. Gowdy • late 1861-1865, 1869-1872, James M. Ferguson

published: Cincinnati, OH: R. H. Pollock, G. W. Gowdy, R. D. Harper, & J. P. Smart, 1859. • Cincinnati, OH: R. H. Pollock and G. W. Gowdy, May 1860-Feb 1861; 1860, publisher at Taft’s Buildings, corner of Fourth and Vine.

• Pittsburg, PA: James M. Ferguson, late 1861.

• Philadelphia, PA: James M. Ferguson, 1862-1865; Jan 1862, publisher at P. O. Box 1865; April-July 1862, publisher at P. O. Box 518; 1865, publisher at 25 N. 6th St. or P. O. Box 901; 1872, publisher at 15 N. 7th St.

frequency: 1859, monthly • 1860-1865, semimonthly

description: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 14″ h x 10.5″ w

• Prices: 1859: 10 copies, $1/ year; 50 copies, $4.50/ year; sent out of state, 20 copies, $2.50/ year; 50 copies, $6/ year. 1860-1862: 1 copy, 35¢/ year; 4 copies, $1/ year; 10 copies, $2/ year; 50 copies, $5/ year. 1865: 1 copy, 45¢/ year; 4 copies, $1.50/ year; 10 copies, $3.25/ year; 50 copies, $11/ year. 1869-1870, 45¢

• 1859 circulation, 12,000-13,000

• Religious focus: Presbyterian

relevant quotes:

• The first issue may have been dated January 1859, but it wasn’t actually published then: “We have occasionally had some little complaint from our young friends because the Youth’s Evangelist did not come earlier in the month. … [L]est you should think we either did not care about pleasing you, or that we are lazy, or something of that kind, we must remind you we have done more than we promised. We promised you one paper each month. We now send you the seventh paper in four and a half months from the time we sent the first. We issued the January number in March. We have now caught up with time, and we hope to get a little ahead of it by and by.” [1 (July 1859): 1]

• Subscription price was a continuing concern: “Our kind friends and patrons have occasionally referred to the price of the Youth’s Evangelist, as being higher than papers of a similar character elsewhere. They patronize our enterprise, because it is in our own church. We are much gratified at this evidence of a willingness to support the enterprise of our own church at a sacrifice; and we can not say that we are sorry for the misapprehension, whch led to the exercise and manifestation of this kindness. We confess, however, that we are still more pleased to be able to show, that it is a mistake that the Evangelist is any higher in price, than any other Sabbath School paper, to which reference has been ma[d]e by friends—in proportion to its size, and quality of paper. Ours is a private enterprise, without any aid from churches, directly or indirectly, except the actual subscr[i]ption prices.” [“Price of the Youth’s Evangelist.” 3 (1 Feb 1861): 3]

• The masthead was redesigned in 1861: “We expected to have a new head, designed by an excellent artist, and very finely engraved, for the December numbers of the Evangelist; but as there was a great deal of labor on it, we could not get it finished in time. We will have it, and some other fine engravings ready for the January number.” [“New Head.” 3 (1 Dec 1861): 3] The new engraving still wasn’t ready the next month: “Although we have delayed the January numbers beyond our usual time, in order to have inserted our new Heading and some fine engravings, yet unforeseen circumstances have delayed their completion, and we have been compelled to go to press without them.” [4 (1 Jan 1862): 2]

continued by: The Pilot (for adults; 1930?-1955)

source of information: 1859-1865 scattered issues; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 5

bibliography:

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 99. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 735. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 161. [archive.org]

Young America and Excelsior ; Feb-April 1859?

published: Boston, MA: William G. Reed. [from AAS] • Boston, MA: Richardson & Reed. [from NUC]

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Page size, 7.5″ h

• Feb 1859 issue is vol 2 #1

continues: Young America Monthly Magazine ; Jan-Dec 1858 • The Excelsior ; 1858

source of information: AAS catalog; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

Kinderzeitung (Children’s newspaper); 15 April 1859-15 March 1862

edited by: A. O. Brickmann

published: Baltimore, MD: A. O. Brickmann.

description: Organ of the New Jerusalem Church in the U. S. German Synod

• Religious focus: Swedenborgian

• German-language periodical

source of information: Arndt; Fraser

bibliography:

• Karl J. R. Arndt & May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals: 1732-1955. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer Publishers, 1961.

• Sybille Fraser. “German Language Children’s and Youth Periodicals in North America: A Checklist.” Phaedrus 6 (Spring 1979): 27-31.

The Weekly Magpie ; 30 April?-29 Oct 1859

cover/masthead: 18 June-9 July 1859 | 16 July-29 Oct 1859

edited by: Thomas Donaldson, jr

published: Edgewood, MD: Thomas Donaldson, jr; “Edgewood, near the ‘Relay House’ ”. The editor’s address was St. Denis P. O., Baltimore Co., Md. Printed at F. A. Hanzsche’s Book & Job Printing Establishment, 212 Baltimore St., near Charles.

frequency: 18 June-29 Oct 1859: weekly: Saturday

description: 18 June-29 Oct 1859: 4 pp.; page size, 9.25″ h x 5″ w; price: 5¢/week in advance; 6¢/week “when sent by mail, payable in postage stamps”

• 18 June 1859 is vol 1 #8

• Two-page supplements were published for the 1 Oct 1859 and 8 Oct 1859 issues.

• My copy of the 15 Oct 1859 issue has handwritten corrections on the poem “Election Day.”

• By August 1859, circulation was wide: “The Magpie has gone to the foot of the Andes, and to the Old World. It has even reached Kansas, Louisiana, Missippi, Alabama, and Georgia. In the north, as far as Vermont, New York, and New Hampshire; and we have a large number of subscribers in Massachusetts and other states, too numerous to mention.” [editorial. 1 (17 Aug 1859): 42.]

relevant quotes: The Magpie originally was a hand-written effort: “The Weekly Magpie has been in existence for several months. Formerly, it was in manuscript, but the demand for copies daily increased, so that we were not able to supply even one half of the applicants,—thus depriving the world of this enlightning and refining influences of this popular journal, and retarding, for some time, the march of civilization. … The sole object for which we demand subscriptions is in order to defray the expenses of printing; and all the profits will be scrupulously devoted to the enlargement and improvement of our paper.” [editorial. 1 (18 June 1859): 3]

• The editor definitely was not shy about the glories of his periodical: “The Magpie is devoted to Literature, Science, and to the diffusion of Useful Knowledge. We shall endeavor to make it as perfect as possible in its several departments, and we admit nothing that is not original. We have already employed some of the most celebrated authors on this side of the Atlantic (Sylvanus Cobb, jr., excepted), who will regularly write for The Magpie, and for no other periodical whatever. … Our Poetical department is unrivaled …. As to politics, we espouse the cause of no party. … We shall censure when censure is due, irrespective of party or politics. … The Magpie is also an excellent family paper. … It cheers and enlivens in the long winter evenings, when the family is cosily seated by the fireside, as they peruse with delight its thrilling columns. When the laborer returns from his day’s work, weary and careworn, and his children run to him … and tell him that they have just received the last number of The Magpie, his stern features relax and his countenance lights up, and, as he thinks of the pleasure that is in store for him, his joy is indeed unaffected.—After he has taken his simple meal of brown bread and coffee, the whole family draw their chairs around him, and listen with absorbing interest as he reads The Magpie to them. Ah! what a blank was in his existence before The Magpie was printed! Then, he used to smoke his pipe; now, he reads this excellent journal, and finds himself a much happier and better man. Therefore, let all who desire domestic happiness, the enlargement of the intellect, and the advancement of knowledge, take “The Magpie.” [editorial. 1 (18 June 1859): 3]

• The editor had strict requirements: “No Contributions are inserted from persons over 15 years of age. … No Advertisements competing with Howard County interests are received.” [masthead. 1 (18 June 1859): 1] However, his requirements for authors shifted when some of the writers “aged out” of the magazine: “Some of our contributors having arrived at the age of 15, we will be obliged to extend the rule. Hereafter, we will accept contributions from persons of 15 1/2 years of age.” [editorial. 1 (15 Oct 1859): 72]

• On the change in bird on the masthead: “The Magpie is at last on its own perch, which has been so long usurped by that most cruel and voracious of birds, the Eagle. This fact cannot fail to give great satisfaction to our readers, who no doubt, have been struck with the haughty and overbearing demeanour of the Eagle, and, on the other hand, with the dignified and pleasing deportment of the Magpie, whose intelligent countenance, together with its mild, though pensive expression, excite general admiration.” [editorial. 1 (23 July 1859): 22]

• The end of the Magpie was announced in the 15 Oct 1859 issue: “As The Magpie will be discontinued at the end of the month, our subscribers are requested to close their accounts as promptly as possible.” [editorial. 1 (15 Oct 1859): 72]

• The paper’s closing editorial was as grandiloquent as its opening: “There is an end to everything; so says the adage. Our magpie feels the force of it. Our faithful bird is about to quit the scenes of its labours, and wing its flight to another clime ….” [editorial. 1 (22 Oct 1859): 80.]

source of information: 1859 vol; OCLC

I Will Try ; May 1859-after Oct 1860

cover/masthead: Nov 1859 | April 1860

edited by: J. S. Hostetter

published: Mechanicsburg, PA: J. S. Hostetter

frequency: monthly: beginning of the month; 1 vol/ year (see below)

description: 16 pp; page size untrimmed, 9″ h x 5 3/4 ″ w

• Prices: Nov 1859-April 1860: 1 copy, 30¢/ year; 10 copies, $3/ year. May-Oct 1860: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 6 copies, $3/ year; 11 copies, $5/ year; 23 copies, $10/ year

relevant information: The May-Oct 1859 issues are vol 1 #1-6 (The AAS has a Sept 1859 issue marked vol 1 #5.) The Nov 1859 issue, however also is volume 1: “The first number of this little Friend of Youth was published in May, 1859, and has received, during the first six months, friends and patrons far beyond our most sanguine expectations. Back numbers being exhausted, we have made arrangements to commence a new volume with November 1859[.]” [“Terms, &c., of the ‘I Will Try.’ ” 1 (Nov 1859): 13.]

relevant quotes: “ ‘I will try[’]” is published at the beginning of every month. Each number contains sixteen pages of fresh, choice, moral, instructive reading, adapted to the young mind. The mission of this little monthly is to serve as a link between home and school education—to befriend the boys and girls in their studies, and facilitate the teacher’s work by securing home influence in his favor.” [“Terms, &c., of the ‘I Will Try.’ ” 1 (Nov 1859): 13.]

• Hostetter was a teacher: “Two thirds of the nights of the past winter did we work until midnight, and that after a hard day’s work in the school room.” [“Editor’s Chat.” 1 (April 1860): 95.]

• Much was promised for volume 2: “[A]mong the many things suggested by old and young, one is that we should use better paper—that the paper is not nice enough for binding. [Note: The paper for my copies of the last issues of volume 1 is poor quality, and the printing looks washed out.] This is all true; but we cannot put better paper into it for thirty cents a year. This is impossible. Well, many, very many, have said, ‘If you use good, white paper, we will willingly pay fifty cents a year.’ So we have now concluded to use good white paper, and get I Will Try up in a superior style, and charge FIFTY CENTS.” Those who had already paid for a year would need to pay more or receive a magazine of lower quality: “[H]ow with those who subscribed last November? Why, they will have theirs printed on the same kind of paper we use now, unless they send us ten cents more, then they will receive, the remainder of their year, which is six months, the improved I Will Try.” [“Editor’s Chat.” 1 (April 1860): 95.]

• Advertising began to appear in volume 2, on the inside of the covers (cover page 2 and cover page 3).

source of information: Nov 1859-Oct 1860 issues & bound volume; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

The Little-Pig Monthly ; May, July 1859

cover/masthead: May 1859

edited by: Elijah Sparhawk Brigham

published: New York, NY: Dinsmore & Co.; publisher at 9 Spruce St.

• Boston, MA: Shepard, Clark & Brown; publisher at 110 Washington St.

frequency: monthly: 15th of the month

description: Vol 1 #1 is marked “May” on the cover; inside front cover announces contents of July issue. The Library of Congress has at its web site a scanned broadside advertising the magazine which describes the May issue as the “June number: Good for any month ”; its contents are those of the issue for May.

• May 1859: 104 pp.; page size untrimmed, 8″ h x 5.75″ w; prices: 25¢/ copy, $1/ 4 months; $3/ year

• OCLC lists issues for only May and July

• Copyright 1858, by L. F. Dinsmore

• Vol 1 #1 illustrated entirely by Thomas Nast

relevant quote: Introduction, for adults: “This work will be taken in hand as well by the gray head—who, hoping to recall youthful emotions, goes back for the thousand-and-oneth time to Blue Beard and Cinderella—as by the little toddler who, having just succeeded in mastering Mother Goose’s Melodies, sees only acres of solid reading in the picture-book fields before him. We prepare the book for children of whatever growth, and hope that all ages will find somewhat of mirth and profit in its pages. … One honest feature of our plan is, to make no particular professions about publishing original matter. We shall invite the assistance of the best writers in our line of satire, but shall depend mainly upon our own pen …. England being the mother country, we conceive we have the right, and therefore intend to seize from her whatever suits our purpose, without the least ceremony ….” [“To the Public Generally.” 1 (May 1859): 1-2]

relevant information: The May issue was referred to as the “June” issue in a broadside (see above); the July issue was the subject of a notice in the Sept 1859 issue of Godey’s. The publishers seem to have done what they could to stretch two issues of a monthly magazine to cover at least four months.

source of information: May 1859 issue; LOC broadside; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 4

bibliography:

• Notice of June issue: “New Announcements since our Last Issue.” American Publishers’ Circular and Literary Gazette 5 (4 June 1849): 271.

• Notice. Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine. 59 (Sept 1859): 276. online

• Advertisement. American Railway Times 11 (18 June 1859): 4.

• Notice. Ballou’s Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion 17 (9 July 1859): 26.

The Child at Home ; Dec 1859-1879?

cover/masthead: 1861, 1863-1866 (plain edition) | 1864-1866 (color edition) | 1867-1871 (plain edition) | 1870 (color edition) | 1872

edited by: 1861, I. P. Warren

published: Boston, MA: N. Broughton, for the American Tract Society, 1861; publisher at 28 Cornhill; printed by George C. Rand & Avery, 3 Cornhill. Boston, MA: American Tract Society, 1870; publisher at 164 Tremont St.

• New York, NY: I. W. Brinckerhoff, for the American Tract Society, 1861; publisher at 13 Bible House, Astor Place.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 1861: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 14.5″ h x 10.5″ w. Prices: 1 copy, 15¢/ year; 10 copies, $1/ year; 50 copies, $4.50/ year; 100 copies, $8/ year

• 1870: “plain edition”: price: 1 copy, 30¢/ year; 8 copies, $1/ year; 40 copies, $5/ year; 100 copies, $12/ year. “colored edition”: 4 pp.; page size, 14.5″ h x 10.5″ w; price: 1 copy, 50¢/ year; 10 copies, $4/ year; 25 copies, $7.50/ year

• Copies published 1862-May 1863: 1,595,000

• Beginning in July 1864, the Child was available in either a “plain” or a “colored” edition: “We commence this month the publication of an edition of the Child at Home with COLORED ENGRAVINGS. The Heading and Large Cut of the first page are printed in from six to eight brilliant colors, making a paper having no equal in America for beauty and attractiveness. … Notwithstanding the great expensiveness of those colored engravings, and of their printing, we propose to put the price exceedingly low. … Any person now receiving the plain edition, may change it for the colored for the remainder of the year, by sending us twenty cents additional for each copy. The plain edition will be continued as heretofore.” [“Colored Engravings!” Child at Home 5 (July 1864): 28] The masthead and front-page illustration were printed in red, blue, yellow, brown, and black.

relevant information: The Child appears to have been founded after a split in the American Tract Society on the subject of slavery. [Bucer]

source of information: 1861-1872 scattered issues; New York Evangelist ; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• Advertisement. New York Evangelist 30 (15 Dec 1859): 5.

• “The Tract Journal and Child at Home.” The Independent 12 (5 Jan 1860): 4.

• Bucer. “ ‘The Tract Journal’ and ‘Child at Home,’ vs. ‘American Messenger’ and ‘the Child’s Paper;’ or Boston vs. New York.” German Reformed Messenger 25 (27 June 1860): 2.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 31. [google books]

• “American Tract Society, Boston.” New York Evangelist 33 (21 May 1863): 6.

• “The American Tract Society, Boston.” New York Observer and Chronicle 46 (9 April 1868): 115.

• Advertisement. The Missionary Magazine 50 (Dec 1870): 8.

• Notice. Christian Union 4 (13 Dec 1871): 382.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 74. [archive.org]

Youth’s Gazette ; 10 Twelfth month (Dec) 1859-23 Third month (March) 1861

published: Philadelphia, PA; printed by J. Van Court

frequency: semimonthly; 1 vol/ year

description: Religious focus: Society of Friends (Quaker)

• “Most of the pieces included in this pamphlet are semi-monthly productions of the Moorestown reading circle.”

• Vol 1: 10 Twelfth month 1859-17 Third month 1860, with 8 issues; vol 2: 8 Twelfth month 1860-23 Third month 1861, with 8 issues

source of information: AAS catalog; NUC

The Youth’s Temperance Visitor ; 1860-after Jan 1872

edited by: Z. Pope Vose • 1869-1870, with Clara A. Sylvester

published: Rockland, ME: Z. Pope Vose.

• Rockland, ME: Rich & Vose, 1872.

frequency: monthly

description: 1859: price, 25¢/ year. 1863-1864: price, 40¢/ year. 1866-1867, 8 pp.; price, 50¢/ year • Newspaper format

• Circulation: 1869-1870, 10,700

• Vol 1 #12 is Jan 1861

• Temperance focus

relevant information: In 1867, Vose circulated to the Sons of Temperance and the Good Templars an advertisement for the Visitor which promised “AN ELEGANT AND COSTLY BANNER! worth from $200 to $800” to the order garnering the greatest number of subscribers before April 1867—provided that at least 15,000 subscriptions were received: “For 15,000 subscribers, the Banner shall not cost less than $200; for 25,000, not less than $400; for 40,000, not less than $800.”

source of information: Young People’s Helper ; Maine Farmer ; Zion’s Herald ; advertising broadside for the Visitor, Jan 1867; OCLC; Lyon; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• Advertisement. Maine Farmer 27 (15 Dec 1859): 2.

• Notice. Maine Farmer 31 (29 Oct 1863): 2.

• Advertisement. Clark’s School Visitor. 8 (March 1864)

• Advertisement. Zion’s Herald and Wesleyan Journal 35 (25 May 1864): 84.

• Advertisement. Zion’s Herald and Wesleyan Journal 37 (7 Feb 1866): 23.

• Notice. The Children’s Friend (West Chester, PA) 3 (Eleventh month 1868): 356. online

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 42. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 660. [google books]

• Advertisement. Young People’s Helper. 10 (Jan 1872): inside front cover.

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872. [archive.org]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 148.

The Little Pioneer ; Jan 1860-1861?

edited by: “Uncle John”

published: San Francisco, CA: Hutchings & Rosenfield.

frequency: monthly

• March 1860 is vol 1 #3

description: Page size, 10.25″ h; price, $1.25/ year

relevant information: A story from the Pioneer, “Little Min-Yung and his Cat,” was reprinted in the California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences.

source of information: Kenny; California Farmer ; Scenes of Wonder

bibliography:

• “Something for the Children.” California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences 13 (3 Aug 1860): 174.

• “Little Min-Yung and his Cat.” California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences 13 (3 Aug 1860): 174.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 10. [google books]

Scenes of Wonder & Curiosity from Hutchings’s California Magazine, 1856-1861, ed. R. R. Olmsted. Berkeley, CA: Howell-North, 1962; p. 201. [archive.org]

Youth’s Gazette ; Jan 1860-after 9 Sept 1865?

published: New York, NY: General Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union & Church Book Society.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

source of information: OCLC

Children’s Guest ; Jan 1860-after 1872

cover/masthead: 1864

edited by: 1862, F. D. Harriman • 1862-1866, A. B. Hart

published: New York, NY: General Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union and Church Book Society, Jan 1860. 1861, publisher at 762 Broadway

• New York, NY: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1869-1872; 1869, publisher at 762 Broadway; 1870-1872, publisher at 713 Broadway

frequency: 1860, semimonthly; 1861, 1866, 1869-1872, semimonthly & monthly editions

description: 4 pp.; page size, 14.5″ h x 10.5″ w. Prices: 1860, $1/ year. 1861, semimonthly, 50¢; monthly, 25¢. 1866, semimonthly, 35¢ each; monthly, 70¢ each. 1869-1872, semimonthly, 50¢; monthly, 25¢

source of information: American Publishers’ Circular ; OCLC; AAS catalog; Kenny; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 4 & 5

bibliography:

• Advertisement. American Publishers’ Circular and Literary Gazette 6 (24 March 1860): 145.

• Advertisement. The Round Table 4 (1 Sept 1866): 80.

• Advertisement. The Round Table 4 (27 Oct 1866): 202.

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; pp. 46, 49. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 75. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 704. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 124. [archive.org]

The Lutheran Sunday-School Herald ; Jan 1860-Dec 1910

cover/masthead: 1864-Dec 1867 | Jan 1868-Aug 1870, 1873

edited by: Matthias Sheeleigh, 1864-1872

published: Philadelphia, PA: Lutheran Board of Publication; publisher at 42 North 9th St.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 4 pp.; page size, 14″ h x 9.5″ w.

• Prices, 1864-1867: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 6 copies, $1.25/ year; 10 copies, $2/ year; 25 copies, $3.75/ year; 100 copies, $12/ year.

• Prices, 1868-Nov 1869: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 6 copies, $1.40/ year; 10 copies, $2.25/ year; 25 copies, $4/ year; 100 copies, $15/ year.

• Prices, Nov 1869-Aug 1870: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 6 copies, $1.25/ year; 10 copies, $2/ year; 25 copies, $4/ year; 50 copies, $7.50/ year; 100 copies, $14/ year; 500 copies, $60/ year.

• Circulation: Dec 1865: 30,000 [“Our Dear Herald.” 6 (Dec 1865): 46] 1872, 32,000

• Religious focus: Lutheran

relevant information: While intended for children, the paper included a few pieces intended for Sunday-school teachers.

relevant quotes:

• The American Civil War increased costs for Herald as it did for all American periodicals: “The cost of paper is much increased; therefore many more subscribers are now needed.” [“The Herald.” 5 (Feb 1864): 6]

• In 1868, the Herald raised its prices closer to those of other Sunday-school papers: “[W]e shall be obliged to ask our dear friends for a little addition to the price. Many of our subscribers have themselves suggested this, and we find it necessary. The Herald has been furnished too low—lower than most others of its class—below the paying figure. Surely none will object to a slight increase in the terms.” [“The Herald for 1868.” 8 (Nov 1867): 42.]

• 1869 saw some lower prices: “This material reduction we have been encouraged by the increased patronage of the past year to make. We trust the coming year will so much more increase the circulation, that one year hence another reduction may be safely attempted.” [“Reduced Terms for 1870!!” 10 (Nov 1869): 42.]

• The type size changed in 1870: “Instead of present type, which the printers call Long Primer, we shall use a smaller size, known as Bourgeois. This will afford additional reading matter in each number, about equaling one-fourth, or another page. It will be substantially as though the paper contained five pages of the present type.” [“Smaller Type for 1870!!” 10 (Nov 1869): 42.]

continued by: Lutheran Boys and Girls: “With January 1911, our King’s Message and the Lutheran Sunday School Herald, will be merged into [Lutheran Boys and Girls]”. [Proceedings p. 147]

source of information: 1864-1870 bound issues; Proceedings ; Rowell

bibliography:

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 162. [archive.org]

Proceedings of the Third Annual Convention of the Synod of New York of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Philadelphia: Lutheran Publication Society, 1910; p. 147.

Youth’s Magazine ; May 1860-April 1861

edited by: May-Aug 1860, George C. Connor

• Sept 1860-April 1861, “Uncle John”

• also, “Aunt Alice”; “Uncle Robin”

published: Nashville, TN: Graves, Marks & Co., May 1860-April 1861.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 48 pp.

relevant information: Apparently referred to as “Youth's Monthly Magazine” in 1860 and by Gilmer.

continues: The Children’s Book of Choice and Entertaining Reading for the Little Folks at Home (also, The Children’s Monthly Book) ; Jan 1855-April 1860

source of information: Kelly; OCLC; DeBow’s ; Gilmer

bibliography:

• Description of visit to Nashville. DeBow’s Review and Industrial Resources, Statistics, etc. Aug 1860: 248-251; mention on page 250.

• Gertrude C. Gilmer. Checklist of Southern Periodicals to 1861. Boston: F. W. Faxon Company, 1934; p. 65.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 149.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• Mary D. Manning. “ ‘Trust Not Appearances’: Admonitory Pieces from Two Tennessee Juvenile Periodicals of the 1850s.” University of Mississippi Studies in English. 5 (1984-1987): 131-139.

Sunday School Journal ; June 1860?-Oct 1865 • Sunday School Journal for Teachers and Young People ; Oct 1865-May 1900 • Sunday School Journal for Teachers ; May-Sept 1900 • Sunday School Journal and Bible Student’s Magazine ; Oct 1900-1914 • The Sunday School Journal ; 1915-1925

published: New York, NY: Methodist Publishing House.

• Cincinnati, OH: Methodist Publishing House.

description: Religious focus: Methodist

continued by: Church School Journal

source of information: OCLC; ULS

available: AASHistPer, series 5

Copyright 2006-2014, Pat Pflieger